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Primitive Recursive Selection Functions for Existential Assertions over Abstract Algebras
"... Abstract. We generalize to abstract manysorted algebras the classical prooftheoretic result due to Parsons, Mints and Takeuti that an assertion ∀x ∃y P(x,y) (where P is Σ0 1), provable in Peano arithmetic with Σ0 1 induction, has a primitive recursive selection function. This involves a correspond ..."
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Abstract. We generalize to abstract manysorted algebras the classical prooftheoretic result due to Parsons, Mints and Takeuti that an assertion ∀x ∃y P(x,y) (where P is Σ0 1), provable in Peano arithmetic with Σ0 1 induction, has a primitive recursive selection function. This involves a corresponding generalization to such algebras of the notion of primitive recursiveness. The main difficulty encountered in carrying out this generalization turns out to be the fact that equality over these algebras may not be computable, and hence atomic formulae in their signatures may not be decidable. The solution given here is to develop an appropriate concept of realizability of existential assertions over such algebras, generalized to realizability of sequents of existential assertions. In this way, the results can be seen to hold for classical proof systems. This investigation may give some insight into the relationship between specifiability and computability for data types such as the reals, where the atomic formulae, i.e., equations between terms of type real, are not computable. Key words and phrases: generalized computability, realizability, selection function2 1