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123
Deconvoluting kernel density estimators
 Statistics
, 1990
"... This paper considers estimation ofa continuous bounded probability density when observations from the density are contaminated by additive measurement errors having a known distribution. Properties of the estimator obtained by deconvolving a kernel estimator of the observed data are investigated. Wh ..."
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Cited by 61 (7 self)
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This paper considers estimation ofa continuous bounded probability density when observations from the density are contaminated by additive measurement errors having a known distribution. Properties of the estimator obtained by deconvolving a kernel estimator of the observed data are investigated. When the kernel used is sufficiently smooth the deconvolved estimator is shown to be pointwise consistent and bounds on its integrated mean squared error are derived. Very weak assumptions are made on the measurementerror density thereby permitting a comparison of the effects of different types of measurement error on the deconvolved estimator.
Nonparametric regression with errors in variables
 Annals of Statistics
, 1993
"... The effect of errors in variables in nonparametric regression estimation is examined. To account for errors in covariates, deconvolution is involved in the construction ofa new class of kernel estimators. It is shown that optima/local and global rates of convergence of these kernel estimators can be ..."
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Cited by 48 (1 self)
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The effect of errors in variables in nonparametric regression estimation is examined. To account for errors in covariates, deconvolution is involved in the construction ofa new class of kernel estimators. It is shown that optima/local and global rates of convergence of these kernel estimators can be characterized by the tail behavior of the characteristic function of the error distribution. In fact, there are two types of rates of convergence according to whether the error is ordinary smooth or super smooth. It is also shown that these results hold uniformly over a class of joint distributions of the response and the covariates, which includes ordinary smooth regression functions as well as covariates with distributions satisfying regularity conditions. Furthermore, to achieve optimality, we show that the convergence rates of all nonparametric estimators have a lower bound possessed by the kernel estimators. oAbbreviated title. Errorinvariable regression AMS 1980 subject classification. Primary 62G20. Secondary 62G05, 62J99. Key words and phrases. Nonparametric regression; Kernel estimator; Errors in variables; Optimal rates
Wavelet Deconvolution
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 2002
"... This paper studies the issue of optimal deconvolution density estimation using wavelets. The approach taken here can be considered as orthogonal series estimation in the more general context of the density estimation. We explore the asymptotic properties of estimators based on thresholding of estima ..."
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Cited by 37 (1 self)
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This paper studies the issue of optimal deconvolution density estimation using wavelets. The approach taken here can be considered as orthogonal series estimation in the more general context of the density estimation. We explore the asymptotic properties of estimators based on thresholding of estimated wavelet coefficients. Minimax rates of convergence under the integrated square loss are studied over Besov classes Bσpq of functions for both ordinary smooth and supersmooth convolution kernels. The minimax rates of convergence depend on the smoothness of functions to be deconvolved and the decay rate of the characteristic function of convolution kernels. It is shown that no linear deconvolution estimators can achieve the optimal rates of convergence in the Besov spaces with p < 2 when the convolution kernel is ordinary smooth and super smooth. If the convolution kernel is ordinary smooth, then linear estimators can be improved by using thresholding wavelet deconvolution estimators which are asymptotically minimax within logarithmic terms. Adaptive minimax properties of thresholding wavelet deconvolution estimators are also discussed. Keywords. Adaptive estimation, Besov spaces, KullbackLeibler information, linear estimators, minimax estimation, thresholding, wavelet bases.
On the Estimation of Quadratic Functionals
"... We discuss the difficulties of estimating quadratic functionals based on observations Y (t) from the white noise model Y (t) = Jf (u)du + cr W (t), t E [0,1], o where W (t) is a standard Wiener process on [0, 1]. The optimal rates of convergence (as cr> 0) for estimating quadratic functionals unde ..."
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Cited by 34 (9 self)
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We discuss the difficulties of estimating quadratic functionals based on observations Y (t) from the white noise model Y (t) = Jf (u)du + cr W (t), t E [0,1], o where W (t) is a standard Wiener process on [0, 1]. The optimal rates of convergence (as cr> 0) for estimating quadratic functionals under certain geometric constraints are 1 found. Specially, the optimal rates of estimating J[f (k)(x)f dx under hyperrectangular o constraints r = (J: Xj(f)::; CFP) and weighted lpbody constraints r p = (J: "Lj ' IXj(f)IP::; C) are computed explicitly, where Xj(f) is the jth Fourier1 Bessel coefficient of the unknown function f. We invent a new method for developing lower bounds based on testing two highly composite hypercubes, and address its advantages. The attainable lower bounds are found by applying the hardest Idimensional approach as well as the hypercube method. We demonstrate that for estimating regular quadratic functionals (Le., the functionals which can be estimated at rate 0 (cr 2», the difficulties of the estimation are captured by the hardest one dimensional subproblems and for estimating nonregular quadratic functionals (i.e. no 0 (cr1consistent estimator exists), the difficulties are captured at certain finite dimensional (the dimension goes to infinite as cr> 0) hypercube subproblems.
Methodology and convergence rates for functional linear regression
, 2007
"... In functional linear regression, the slope “parameter ” is a function. Therefore, in a nonparametric context, it is determined by an infinite number of unknowns. Its estimation involves solving an illposed problem and has points of contact with a range of methodologies, including statistical smoothi ..."
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Cited by 28 (4 self)
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In functional linear regression, the slope “parameter ” is a function. Therefore, in a nonparametric context, it is determined by an infinite number of unknowns. Its estimation involves solving an illposed problem and has points of contact with a range of methodologies, including statistical smoothing and deconvolution. The standard approach to estimating the slope function is based explicitly on functional principal components analysis and, consequently, on spectral decomposition in terms of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. We discuss this approach in detail and show that in certain circumstances, optimal convergence rates are achieved by the PCA technique. An alternative approach based on quadratic regularisation is suggested and shown to have advantages from some points of view.
Identification and Estimation in Highway Procurement Auctions under Unobserved Auction Heterogeneity
, 2004
"... The accurate assessment of participants’ private information may critically affect policy recommendations in auction markets. In many auction environments estimation of the private information distribution may be complicated by the presence of unobserved heterogeneity. This problem arises when some ..."
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Cited by 24 (1 self)
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The accurate assessment of participants’ private information may critically affect policy recommendations in auction markets. In many auction environments estimation of the private information distribution may be complicated by the presence of unobserved heterogeneity. This problem arises when some of the information available to all bidders at the time of the auction is subsequently not observed by the researcher. This paper develops a semiparametric method that allows a researcher to uncover the distribution of bidders’ private information in a standard FirstPrice procurement auction when unobserved auction heterogeneity is present. Sufficient identification conditions are derived and a twostage estimation procedure to recover bidders’ private information is developed. The procedure is applied to data from Michigan highway procurement auctions and compared to the estimation procedures traditionally used in the context of highway procurement auctions. The estimation results suggest that ignoring unobserved auction heterogeneity is likely to result in substantially biased estimates and may lead to erroneous policy recommendations.
Sharp optimality for density deconvolution with dominating bias
 Theor. Probab. Appl
, 2005
"... bias ..."
Estimating the null and the proportion of nonnull effects in largescale multiple comparisons
 J. Amer. Statist. Assoc
, 2007
"... An important issue raised by Efron [7] in the context of largescale multiple comparisons is that in many applications the usual assumption that the null distribution is known is incorrect, and seemingly negligible differences in the null may result in large differences in subsequent studies. This s ..."
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Cited by 20 (5 self)
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An important issue raised by Efron [7] in the context of largescale multiple comparisons is that in many applications the usual assumption that the null distribution is known is incorrect, and seemingly negligible differences in the null may result in large differences in subsequent studies. This suggests that a careful study of estimation of the null is indispensable. In this paper, we consider the problem of estimating a null normal distribution, and a closely related problem, estimation of the proportion of nonnull effects. We develop an approach based on the empirical characteristic function and Fourier analysis. The estimators are shown to be uniformly consistent over a wide class of parameters. Numerical performance of the estimators is investigated using both simulated and real data. In particular, we apply our
On Pointwise Adaptive Nonparametric Deconvolution
 Bernoulli
, 1998
"... We consider estimating an unknown function f from indirect white noise observations with particular emphasis on the problem of nonparametric deconvolution. Nonparametric estimators that can adapt to unknown smoothness of f are developed. The adaptive estimators are specified under two sets of assump ..."
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Cited by 18 (3 self)
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We consider estimating an unknown function f from indirect white noise observations with particular emphasis on the problem of nonparametric deconvolution. Nonparametric estimators that can adapt to unknown smoothness of f are developed. The adaptive estimators are specified under two sets of assumptions on the kernel of the convolution transform. In particular, kernels having the Fourier transform with polynomially and exponentially decaying tails are considered. It is shown that the proposed estimates possess, in a sense, the best possible abilities for pointwise adaptation. Keywords: adaptive estimation; deconvolution; rates of convergence Running title: Adaptive nonparametric deconvolution Department of Statistics, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, 31905 Haifa, Israel y email: goldensh@rstat.haifa.ac.il 1 Introduction This paper investigates the problem of pointwise adaptive nonparametric estimation from indirect white noise observations. Let f 2 L 2 (R) be an unknown func...