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609
Learning the Kernel Matrix with SemiDefinite Programming
, 2002
"... Kernelbased learning algorithms work by embedding the data into a Euclidean space, and then searching for linear relations among the embedded data points. The embedding is performed implicitly, by specifying the inner products between each pair of points in the embedding space. This information ..."
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Cited by 545 (25 self)
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Kernelbased learning algorithms work by embedding the data into a Euclidean space, and then searching for linear relations among the embedded data points. The embedding is performed implicitly, by specifying the inner products between each pair of points in the embedding space. This information is contained in the socalled kernel matrix, a symmetric and positive definite matrix that encodes the relative positions of all points. Specifying this matrix amounts to specifying the geometry of the embedding space and inducing a notion of similarity in the input spaceclassical model selection problems in machine learning. In this paper we show how the kernel matrix can be learned from data via semidefinite programming (SDP) techniques. When applied
Guaranteed minimumrank solutions of linear matrix equations via nuclear norm minimization
, 2007
"... The affine rank minimization problem consists of finding a matrix of minimum rank that satisfies a given system of linear equality constraints. Such problems have appeared in the literature of a diverse set of fields including system identification and control, Euclidean embedding, and collaborative ..."
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Cited by 215 (15 self)
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The affine rank minimization problem consists of finding a matrix of minimum rank that satisfies a given system of linear equality constraints. Such problems have appeared in the literature of a diverse set of fields including system identification and control, Euclidean embedding, and collaborative filtering. Although specific instances can often be solved with specialized algorithms, the general affine rank minimization problem is NPhard, because it contains vector cardinality minimization as a special case. In this paper, we show that if a certain restricted isometry property holds for the linear transformation defining the constraints, the minimum rank solution can be recovered by solving a convex optimization problem, namely the minimization of the nuclear norm over the given affine space. We present several random ensembles of equations where the restricted isometry property holds with overwhelming probability, provided the codimension of the subspace is sufficiently large. The techniques used in our analysis have strong parallels in the compressed sensing framework. We discuss how affine rank minimization generalizes this preexisting concept and outline a dictionary relating concepts from cardinality minimization to those of rank minimization. We also discuss several algorithmic approaches to solving the norm minimization relaxations, and illustrate our results with numerical examples.
Unsupervised Learning of Image Manifolds by Semidefinite Programming
, 2004
"... Can we detect low dimensional structure in high dimensional data sets of images and video? The problem of dimensionality reduction arises often in computer vision and pattern recognition. In this paper, we propose a new solution to this problem based on semidefinite programming. Our algorithm can be ..."
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Cited by 168 (9 self)
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Can we detect low dimensional structure in high dimensional data sets of images and video? The problem of dimensionality reduction arises often in computer vision and pattern recognition. In this paper, we propose a new solution to this problem based on semidefinite programming. Our algorithm can be used to analyze high dimensional data that lies on or near a low dimensional manifold. It overcomes certain limitations of previous work in manifold learning, such as Isomap and locally linear embedding. We illustrate the algorithm on easily visualized examples of curves and surfaces, as well as on actual images of faces, handwritten digits, and solid objects.
Probing the Pareto frontier for basis pursuit solutions
, 2008
"... The basis pursuit problem seeks a minimum onenorm solution of an underdetermined leastsquares problem. Basis pursuit denoise (BPDN) fits the leastsquares problem only approximately, and a single parameter determines a curve that traces the optimal tradeoff between the leastsquares fit and the ..."
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Cited by 160 (2 self)
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The basis pursuit problem seeks a minimum onenorm solution of an underdetermined leastsquares problem. Basis pursuit denoise (BPDN) fits the leastsquares problem only approximately, and a single parameter determines a curve that traces the optimal tradeoff between the leastsquares fit and the onenorm of the solution. We prove that this curve is convex and continuously differentiable over all points of interest, and show that it gives an explicit relationship to two other optimization problems closely related to BPDN. We describe a rootfinding algorithm for finding arbitrary points on this curve; the algorithm is suitable for problems that are large scale and for those that are in the complex domain. At each iteration, a spectral gradientprojection method approximately minimizes a leastsquares problem with an explicit onenorm constraint. Only matrixvector operations are required. The primaldual solution of this problem gives function and derivative information needed for the rootfinding method. Numerical experiments on a comprehensive set of test problems demonstrate that the method scales well to large problems.
Solving semidefinitequadraticlinear programs using SDPT3
 MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING
, 2003
"... This paper discusses computational experiments with linear optimization problems involving semidefinite, quadratic, and linear cone constraints (SQLPs). Many test problems of this type are solved using a new release of SDPT3, a Matlab implementation of infeasible primaldual pathfollowing algorithm ..."
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Cited by 139 (18 self)
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This paper discusses computational experiments with linear optimization problems involving semidefinite, quadratic, and linear cone constraints (SQLPs). Many test problems of this type are solved using a new release of SDPT3, a Matlab implementation of infeasible primaldual pathfollowing algorithms. The software developed by the authors uses Mehrotratype predictorcorrector variants of interiorpoint methods and two types of search directions: the HKM and NT directions. A discussion of implementation details is provided and computational results on problems from the SDPLIB and DIMACS Challenge collections are reported.
Learning a kernel matrix for nonlinear dimensionality reduction
 In Proceedings of the Twenty First International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML04
, 2004
"... We investigate how to learn a kernel matrix for high dimensional data that lies on or near a low dimensional manifold. Noting that the kernel matrix implicitly maps the data into a nonlinear feature space, we show how to discover a mapping that “unfolds ” the underlying manifold from which the data ..."
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Cited by 113 (7 self)
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We investigate how to learn a kernel matrix for high dimensional data that lies on or near a low dimensional manifold. Noting that the kernel matrix implicitly maps the data into a nonlinear feature space, we show how to discover a mapping that “unfolds ” the underlying manifold from which the data was sampled. The kernel matrix is constructed by maximizing the variance in feature space subject to local constraints that preserve the angles and distances between nearest neighbors. The main optimization involves an instance of semidefinite programming—a fundamentally different computation than previous algorithms for manifold learning, such as Isomap and locally linear embedding. The optimized kernels perform better than polynomial and Gaussian kernels for problems in manifold learning, but worse for problems in large margin classification. We explain these results in terms of the geometric properties of different kernels and comment on various interpretations of other manifold learning algorithms as kernel methods.
A Sparse Signal Reconstruction Perspective for Source Localization With Sensor Arrays
 M.S. thesis, Mass. Inst. Technol
, 2003
"... Abstract—We present a source localization method based on a sparse representation of sensor measurements with an overcomplete basis composed of samples from the array manifold. We enforce sparsity by imposing penalties based on the 1norm. A number of recent theoretical results on sparsifying proper ..."
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Cited by 112 (4 self)
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Abstract—We present a source localization method based on a sparse representation of sensor measurements with an overcomplete basis composed of samples from the array manifold. We enforce sparsity by imposing penalties based on the 1norm. A number of recent theoretical results on sparsifying properties of 1 penalties justify this choice. Explicitly enforcing the sparsity of the representation is motivated by a desire to obtain a sharp estimate of the spatial spectrum that exhibits superresolution. We propose to use the singular value decomposition (SVD) of the data matrix to summarize multiple time or frequency samples. Our formulation leads to an optimization problem, which we solve efficiently in a secondorder cone (SOC) programming framework by an interior point implementation. We propose a grid refinement method to mitigate the effects of limiting estimates to a grid of spatial locations and introduce an automatic selection criterion for the regularization parameter involved in our approach. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the method on simulated data by plots of spatial spectra and by comparing the estimator variance to the Cramér–Rao bound (CRB). We observe that our approach has a number of advantages over other source localization techniques, including increased resolution, improved robustness to noise, limitations in data quantity, and correlation of the sources, as well as not requiring an accurate initialization. Index Terms—Directionofarrival estimation, overcomplete representation, sensor array processing, source localization, sparse representation, superresolution. I.
GloptiPoly: Global Optimization over Polynomials with Matlab and SeDuMi
 ACM Trans. Math. Soft
, 2002
"... GloptiPoly is a Matlab/SeDuMi addon to build and solve convex linear matrix inequality relaxations of the (generally nonconvex) global optimization problem of minimizing a multivariable polynomial function subject to polynomial inequality, equality or integer constraints. It generates a series of ..."
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Cited by 98 (18 self)
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GloptiPoly is a Matlab/SeDuMi addon to build and solve convex linear matrix inequality relaxations of the (generally nonconvex) global optimization problem of minimizing a multivariable polynomial function subject to polynomial inequality, equality or integer constraints. It generates a series of lower bounds monotonically converging to the global optimum. Global optimality is detected and isolated optimal solutions are extracted automatically. Numerical experiments show that for most of the small and mediumscale problems described in the literature, the global optimum is reached at low computational cost. 1
Robust Portfolio Selection Problems
 Mathematics of Operations Research
, 2001
"... In this paper we show how to formulate and solve robust portfolio selection problems. The objective of these robust formulations is to systematically combat the sensitivity of the optimal portfolio to statistical and modeling errors in the estimates of the relevant market parameters. We introduce "u ..."
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Cited by 93 (8 self)
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In this paper we show how to formulate and solve robust portfolio selection problems. The objective of these robust formulations is to systematically combat the sensitivity of the optimal portfolio to statistical and modeling errors in the estimates of the relevant market parameters. We introduce "uncertainty structures" for the market parameters and show that the robust portfolio selection problems corresponding to these uncertainty structures can be reformulated as secondorder cone programs and, therefore, the computational effort required to solve them is comparable to that required for solving convex quadratic programs. Moreover, we show that these uncertainty structures correspond to confidence regions associated with the statistical procedures used to estimate the market parameters. We demonstrate a simple recipe for efficiently computing robust portfolios given raw market data and a desired level of confidence.
Fastest Mixing Markov Chain on A Graph
 SIAM REVIEW
, 2003
"... We consider a symmetric random walk on a connected graph, where each edge is labeled with the probability of transition between the two adjacent vertices. The associated Markov chain has a uniform equilibrium distribution; the rate of convergence to this distribution, i.e. the mixing rate of the Mar ..."
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Cited by 89 (15 self)
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We consider a symmetric random walk on a connected graph, where each edge is labeled with the probability of transition between the two adjacent vertices. The associated Markov chain has a uniform equilibrium distribution; the rate of convergence to this distribution, i.e. the mixing rate of the Markov chain, is determined by the second largest (in magnitude) eigenvalue of the transition matrix. In this paper we address the problem of assigning probabilities to the edges of the graph in such a way as to minimize the second largest magnitude eigenvalue, i.e., the problem of finding the fastest mixing Markov chain on the graph. We show that