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Local theory specifications in Isabelle/Isar
"... Recent versions of the proof assistant Isabelle have acquired a “local theory” concept that integrates a variety of mechanisms for structured specifications into a common framework. We explicitly separate a local theory “target” from its “body”, i.e. a fixed axiomatic specification (parameters and a ..."
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Recent versions of the proof assistant Isabelle have acquired a “local theory” concept that integrates a variety of mechanisms for structured specifications into a common framework. We explicitly separate a local theory “target” from its “body”, i.e. a fixed axiomatic specification (parameters and assumptions) vs. arbitrary definitional extensions (conclusions) depending on it. Body elements may be added incrementally, and admit local polymorphism according to HindleyMilner. The foundations of our local theories rest firmly on existing Isabelle/Isar principles, without having to invent new logics or module calculi. Particular target contexts and body elements may be implemented within the generic infrastructure. This results in a large combinatorial space of specification idioms available to the enduser. Here we introduce targets for Isabelle locales, typeclasses, and class instantiations. The available selection of body elements covers primitive definitions and theorems, inductive predicates and sets, and recursive functions. Porting such existing definitional packages is reasonably simple, and enables to reuse sophisticated tools in a variety of target contexts without further ado. For example, a recursive function may be defined depending on locale parameters and assumptions, or an inductive predicate definition may provide the witness in a typeclass instantiation.
OpenTheory: Package Management for Higher Order Logic Theories
"... Interactive theorem proving has grown from toy examples to major projects formalizing mathematics and verifying software, and there is now a critical need for theory engineering techniques to support these efforts. This paper introduces the OpenTheory project, which aims to provide an effective pack ..."
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Interactive theorem proving has grown from toy examples to major projects formalizing mathematics and verifying software, and there is now a critical need for theory engineering techniques to support these efforts. This paper introduces the OpenTheory project, which aims to provide an effective package management system for logical theories. The OpenTheory article format allows higher order logic theories to be exported from one theorem prover, compressed by a standalone tool, and imported into a different theorem prover. Articles naturally support theory interpretations, which is the mechanism by which theories can be cleanly transferred from one theorem prover context to another, and which also leads to more efficient developments of standard theories.
Matching concepts across HOL libraries
 CICM’15, volume 8543 of LNCS
, 2014
"... Abstract. Many proof assistant libraries contain formalizations of the same mathematical concepts. The concepts are often introduced (defined) in different ways, but the properties that they have, and are in turn formalized, are the same. For the basic concepts, like natural numbers, matching them ..."
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Abstract. Many proof assistant libraries contain formalizations of the same mathematical concepts. The concepts are often introduced (defined) in different ways, but the properties that they have, and are in turn formalized, are the same. For the basic concepts, like natural numbers, matching them between libraries is often straightforward, because of mathematical naming conventions. However, for more advanced concepts, finding similar formalizations in different libraries is a nontrivial task even for an expert. In this paper we investigate automatic discovery of similar concepts across libraries of proof assistants. We propose an approach for normalizing properties of concepts in formal libraries and a number of similarity measures. We evaluate the approach on HOL based proof assistants HOL4, HOL Light and Isabelle/HOL, discovering 398 pairs of isomorphic constants and types. 1
Translating Haskell to Isabelle
, 2007
"... Abstract. We present partial translations of Haskell programs to Isabelle that have been implemented as part of the Heterogeneous Tool Set. The the target logic is Isabelle/HOLCF, and the translation is based on a shallow embedding approach. 1 ..."
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Abstract. We present partial translations of Haskell programs to Isabelle that have been implemented as part of the Heterogeneous Tool Set. The the target logic is Isabelle/HOLCF, and the translation is based on a shallow embedding approach. 1
A Mechanized Translation from HigherOrder Logic to Set Theory
"... Abstract. In order to make existing formalizations available for settheoretic developments, we present an automated translation of theories from Isabelle/HOL to Isabelle/ZF. This covers all fundamental primitives, particularly type classes. The translation produces LCFstyle theorems that are checke ..."
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Abstract. In order to make existing formalizations available for settheoretic developments, we present an automated translation of theories from Isabelle/HOL to Isabelle/ZF. This covers all fundamental primitives, particularly type classes. The translation produces LCFstyle theorems that are checked by Isabelle’s inference kernel. Type checking is replaced by explicit reasoning about set membership. 1
Composable Packages for Higher Order Logic Theories
"... Interactive theorem proving is tackling ever larger formalization and verification projects, and there is a critical need for theory engineering techniques to support these efforts. One such technique is effective package management, which has the potential to simplify the development of logical the ..."
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Interactive theorem proving is tackling ever larger formalization and verification projects, and there is a critical need for theory engineering techniques to support these efforts. One such technique is effective package management, which has the potential to simplify the development of logical theories by precisely checking dependencies and promoting reuse. This paper introduces a domainspecific language for defining composable packages of higher order logic theories, which is designed to naturally handle the complex dependency structures that often arise in theory development. The package composition language functions as a module system for theories, and the paper presents a welldefined semantics for the supported operations. Preliminary tests of the package language and its toolset have been made by packaging the theories distributed with the HOL Light theorem prover. This experience is described, leading to some initial theory engineering discussion on the ideal properties of a reusable theory. 1
Structured Formal Development with Quotient Types in Isabelle/HOL
"... Abstract. General purpose theorem provers provide sophisticated proof methods, but lack some of the advanced structuring mechanisms found in specification languages. This paper builds on previous work extending the theorem prover Isabelle with such mechanisms. A way to build the quotient type over a ..."
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Abstract. General purpose theorem provers provide sophisticated proof methods, but lack some of the advanced structuring mechanisms found in specification languages. This paper builds on previous work extending the theorem prover Isabelle with such mechanisms. A way to build the quotient type over a given base type and an equivalence relation on it, and a generalised notion of folding over quotiented types is given as a formalised highlevel step called a design tactic. The core of this paper are four axiomatic theories capturing the design tactic. The applicability is demonstrated by derivations of implementations for finite multisets and finite sets from lists in Isabelle. 1
Sharing HOL4 and HOL Light proof knowledge
"... Abstract. New proof assistant developments often involve concepts similar to already formalized ones. When proving their properties, a human can often take inspiration from the existing formalized proofs available in other provers or libraries. In this paper we propose and evaluate a number of met ..."
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Abstract. New proof assistant developments often involve concepts similar to already formalized ones. When proving their properties, a human can often take inspiration from the existing formalized proofs available in other provers or libraries. In this paper we propose and evaluate a number of methods, which strengthen proof automation by learning from proof libraries of different provers. Certain conjectures can be proved directly from the dependencies induced by similar proofs in the other library. Even if exact correspondences are not found, learningreasoning systems can make use of the association between proved theorems and their characteristics to predict the relevant premises. Such external help can be further combined with internal advice. We evaluate the proposed knowledgesharing methods by reproving the HOL Light and HOL4 standard libraries. The learningreasoning system HOL(y)Hammer, whose single best strategy could automatically find proofs for 30 % of the HOL Light problems, can prove 40 % with the knowledge from HOL4. 1