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Typed Concurrent Objects
 In Proceedings of the Eighth European Conference on Object Oriented Programming (ECOOP
"... Based on a namepassing calculus and on its typing system the paper shows how to build several language constructors towards a stronglytyped objectoriented concurrent programming language. The basic calculus incorporates the notions of asynchronous labelled messages, concurrent objects composed of ..."
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Cited by 71 (10 self)
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Based on a namepassing calculus and on its typing system the paper shows how to build several language constructors towards a stronglytyped objectoriented concurrent programming language. The basic calculus incorporates the notions of asynchronous labelled messages, concurrent objects composed of labelled methods, and a form of abstraction on processes allowing in particular to declare polymorphic classes. We introduce a notion of values as nameexpressions, and show how to create subclasses of existing classes. A systematic translation of the derived constructors into the basic calculus provides for semantics and for typing rules for the new constructors.
Programming with Intersection Types and Bounded Polymorphism
, 1991
"... representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government. ..."
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Cited by 67 (4 self)
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representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government.
Programming With Intersection Types, Union Types, and Polymorphism
, 1991
"... Type systems based on intersection types have been studied extensively in recent years, both as tools for the analysis of the pure calculus and, more recently, as the basis for practical programming languages. The dual notion, union types, also appears to have practical interest. For example, by re ..."
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Cited by 50 (3 self)
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Type systems based on intersection types have been studied extensively in recent years, both as tools for the analysis of the pure calculus and, more recently, as the basis for practical programming languages. The dual notion, union types, also appears to have practical interest. For example, by refining types ordinarily considered as atomic, union types allow a restricted form of abstract interpretation to be performed during typechecking. The addition of secondorder polymorphic types further increases the power of the type system, allowing interesting variants of many common datatypes to be encoded in the "pure" fragment with no type or term constants. This report summarizes a preliminary investigation of the expressiveness of a programming language combining intersection types, union types, and polymorphism.
Decidability of HigherOrder Subtyping with Intersection Types
 University of Edinburgh, LFCS
, 1994
"... The combination of higherorder subtyping with intersection types yields a typed model of objectoriented programming with multiple inheritance [11]. The target calculus, F ! , a natural generalization of Girard's system F ! with intersection types and bounded polymorphism, is of independent i ..."
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Cited by 40 (11 self)
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The combination of higherorder subtyping with intersection types yields a typed model of objectoriented programming with multiple inheritance [11]. The target calculus, F ! , a natural generalization of Girard's system F ! with intersection types and bounded polymorphism, is of independent interest, and is our subject of study. Our main contribution is the proof that subtyping in F ! is decidable. This yields as a corollary the decidability of subtyping in F ! , its intersection free fragment, because the F ! subtyping system is a conservative extension of that of F ! . The calculus presented in [8] has no reductions on types. In the F ! subtyping system the presence of ficonversion  an extension of ficonversion with distributivity laws  drastically increases the complexity of proving the decidability of the subtyping relation. Our proof consists of, firstly, defining an algorithmic presentation of the subtyping system of F ! , secondly, proving that th...
SetTheoretical and Other Elementary Models of the lambdacalculus
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1993
"... Part 1 of this paper is the previously unpublished 1972 memorandum [43], with editorial changes and some minor corrections. Part 2 presents what happened next, together with some further development of the material. The first part begins with an elementary settheoretical model of the ficalculus. F ..."
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Cited by 40 (0 self)
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Part 1 of this paper is the previously unpublished 1972 memorandum [43], with editorial changes and some minor corrections. Part 2 presents what happened next, together with some further development of the material. The first part begins with an elementary settheoretical model of the ficalculus. Functions are modeled in a similar way to that normally employed in set theory, by their graphs; difficulties are caused in this enterprise by the axiom of foundation. Next, based on that model, a model of the fijcalculus is constructed by means of a natural deduction method. Finally, a theorem is proved giving some general properties of those nontrivial models of the fijcalculus which are continuous complete lattices. The second part begins with a brief discussion of models of the calculus in set theories with antifoundation axioms. Next the model of the fi calculus of Part 1 and also the closely relatedbut different!models of Scott [53, 54] and of Engeler [21, 22] are reviewed....
Intersection Types and Bounded Polymorphism
, 1996
"... this paper (Compagnoni, Intersection Types and Bounded Polymorphism 3 1994; Compagnoni, 1995) has been used in a typetheoretic model of objectoriented multiple inheritance (Compagnoni & Pierce, 1996). Related calculi combining restricted forms of intersection types with higherorder polymorphism ..."
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Cited by 37 (0 self)
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this paper (Compagnoni, Intersection Types and Bounded Polymorphism 3 1994; Compagnoni, 1995) has been used in a typetheoretic model of objectoriented multiple inheritance (Compagnoni & Pierce, 1996). Related calculi combining restricted forms of intersection types with higherorder polymorphism and dependent types have been studied by Pfenning (Pfenning, 1993). Following a more detailed discussion of the pure systems of intersections and bounded quantification (Section 2), we describe, in Section 3, a typed calculus called F ("Fmeet ") integrating the features of both. Section 4 gives some examples illustrating this system's expressive power. Section 5 presents the main results of the paper: a prooftheoretic analysis of F 's subtyping and typechecking relations leading to algorithms for checking subtyping and for synthesizing minimal types for terms. Section 6 discusses semantic aspects of the calculus, obtaining a simple soundness proof for the typing rules by interpreting types as partial equivalence relations; however, another prooftheoretic result, the nonexistence of least upper bounds for arbitrary pairs of types, implies that typed models may be more difficult to construct. Section 7 offers concluding remarks. 2. Background
New Notions of Reduction and NonSemantic Proofs of βStrong Normalization in Typed λCalculi
, 1994
"... Two new notions of reduction for terms of the λcalculus are introduced and the question of whether a λterm is βstrongly normalizing is reduced to the question of whether a λterm is merely normalizing under one of the new notions of reduction. This leads to a new way to provestrong normalization ..."
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Cited by 18 (2 self)
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Two new notions of reduction for terms of the λcalculus are introduced and the question of whether a λterm is βstrongly normalizing is reduced to the question of whether a λterm is merely normalizing under one of the new notions of reduction. This leads to a new way to provestrong normalization for typedcalculi. Instead of the usual semantic proof style based on Girard's "candidats de reductibilite", termination can be proved using a decreasing metric over a wellfounded ordering in a style more common in the eld of term rewriting. This new proof method is applied to the simplytyped λcalculus and the system of intersection types.
HigherOrder Intersection Types and Multiple Inheritance
, 1995
"... this paper was completed, the metatheory of this system has been studied in much greater detail by Compagnoni [ Compagnoni, 1994, Compagnoni, 1995 ] . A type system combining intersection types with a powerful form of polymorphism is of independent interest. Reynolds [ 1988 ] has argued that interse ..."
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Cited by 17 (6 self)
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this paper was completed, the metatheory of this system has been studied in much greater detail by Compagnoni [ Compagnoni, 1994, Compagnoni, 1995 ] . A type system combining intersection types with a powerful form of polymorphism is of independent interest. Reynolds [ 1988 ] has argued that intersection types can form the basis of elegant language designs. But his Forsythe language has only a firstorder type system, and thus lacks some of the expressive possibilities of polymorphic languages like ML. Our work represents a step toward a synthesis of these styles of language design. The following section shows some examples of multiple inheritance using a simple highlevel syntax. Section 3, the core of the paper, defines the calculus F
Intersection types for explicit substitutions
, 2003
"... We present a new system of intersection types for a compositionfree calculus of explicit substitutions with a rule for garbage collection, and show that it characterizes those terms which are strongly normalizing. This system extends previous work on the natural generalization of the classical inte ..."
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Cited by 17 (6 self)
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We present a new system of intersection types for a compositionfree calculus of explicit substitutions with a rule for garbage collection, and show that it characterizes those terms which are strongly normalizing. This system extends previous work on the natural generalization of the classical intersection types system, which characterized head normalization and weak normalization, but was not complete for strong normalization. An important role is played by the notion of available variable in a term, which is a generalization of the classical notion of free variable.