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37
Operads In HigherDimensional Category Theory
, 2004
"... The purpose of this paper is to set up a theory of generalized operads and multicategories and to use it as a language in which to propose a definition of weak ncategory. Included is a full explanation of why the proposed definition of ncategory is a reasonable one, and of what happens when n <= 2 ..."
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Cited by 32 (2 self)
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The purpose of this paper is to set up a theory of generalized operads and multicategories and to use it as a language in which to propose a definition of weak ncategory. Included is a full explanation of why the proposed definition of ncategory is a reasonable one, and of what happens when n <= 2. Generalized operads and multicategories play other parts in higherdimensional algebra too, some of which are outlined here: for instance, they can be used to simplify the opetopic approach to ncategories expounded by Baez, Dolan and others, and are a natural language in which to discuss enrichment of categorical structures.
Combining effects: sum and tensor
"... We seek a unified account of modularity for computational effects. We begin by reformulating Moggi’s monadic paradigm for modelling computational effects using the notion of enriched Lawvere theory, together with its relationship with strong monads; this emphasises the importance of the operations ..."
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Cited by 29 (4 self)
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We seek a unified account of modularity for computational effects. We begin by reformulating Moggi’s monadic paradigm for modelling computational effects using the notion of enriched Lawvere theory, together with its relationship with strong monads; this emphasises the importance of the operations that produce the effects. Effects qua theories are then combined by appropriate bifunctors on the category of theories. We give a theory for the sum of computational effects, which in particular yields Moggi’s exceptions monad transformer and an interactive input/output monad transformer. We further give a theory of the commutative combination of effects, their tensor, which yields Moggi’s sideeffects monad transformer. Finally we give a theory of operation transformers, for redefining operations when adding new effects; we derive explicit forms for the operation transformers associated to the above monad transformers.
Wellfounded Trees and Dependent Polynomial Functors
 OF LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2004
"... We set out to study the consequences of the assumption of types of wellfounded trees in dependent type theories. We do so by investigating the categorical notion of wellfounded tree introduced in [16]. Our main result shows that wellfounded trees allow us to define initial algebras for a wide class ..."
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Cited by 26 (4 self)
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We set out to study the consequences of the assumption of types of wellfounded trees in dependent type theories. We do so by investigating the categorical notion of wellfounded tree introduced in [16]. Our main result shows that wellfounded trees allow us to define initial algebras for a wide class of endofunctors on locally cartesian closed categories.
Functorial Factorization, Wellpointedness and Separability
"... A functorial treatment of factorization structures is presented, under extensive use of wellpointed endofunctors. Actually, socalled weak factorization systems are interpreted as pointed lax indexed endofunctors, and this sheds new light on the correspondence between reflective subcategories and f ..."
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Cited by 13 (4 self)
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A functorial treatment of factorization structures is presented, under extensive use of wellpointed endofunctors. Actually, socalled weak factorization systems are interpreted as pointed lax indexed endofunctors, and this sheds new light on the correspondence between reflective subcategories and factorization systems. The second part of the paper presents two important factorization structures in the context of pointed endofunctors: concordantdissonant and inseparableseparable.
Understanding the small object argument
 Applied Categorical Structures
, 2008
"... The small object argument is a transfinite construction which, starting from a set of maps in a category, generates a weak factorisation system on that ..."
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Cited by 12 (0 self)
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The small object argument is a transfinite construction which, starting from a set of maps in a category, generates a weak factorisation system on that
Computads for Finitary Monads on Globular Sets
, 1998
"... . A finitary monad A on the category of globular sets provides basic algebraic operations from which more involved `pasting' operations can be derived. To makes this rigorous, we define Acomputads and construct a monad on the category of Acomputads whose algebras are Aalgebras; an action of the n ..."
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Cited by 10 (1 self)
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. A finitary monad A on the category of globular sets provides basic algebraic operations from which more involved `pasting' operations can be derived. To makes this rigorous, we define Acomputads and construct a monad on the category of Acomputads whose algebras are Aalgebras; an action of the new monad encapsulates the pasting operations. When A is the monad whose algebras are ncategories, an Acomputad is an ncomputad in the sense of R.Street. When A is associated to a higher operad (in the sense of the author) , we obtain pasting in weak ncategories. This is intended as a first step towards proving the equivalence of the various definitions of weak ncategory now in the literature. Introduction This work arose as a reflection on the foundation of higher dimensional category theory. One of the main ingredients of any proposed definition of weak ncategory is the shape of diagrams (pasting scheme) we accept to be composable. In a globular approach [3] each kcell has a source ...
On PropertyLike Structures
, 1997
"... A category may bear many monoidal structures, but (to within a unique isomorphism) only one structure of "category with finite products". To capture such distinctions, we consider on a 2category those 2monads for which algebra structure is essentially unique if it exists, giving a precise mathemat ..."
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Cited by 9 (3 self)
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A category may bear many monoidal structures, but (to within a unique isomorphism) only one structure of "category with finite products". To capture such distinctions, we consider on a 2category those 2monads for which algebra structure is essentially unique if it exists, giving a precise mathematical definition of "essentially unique" and investigating its consequences. We call such 2monads propertylike. We further consider the more restricted class of fully propertylike 2monads, consisting of those propertylike 2monads for which all 2cells between (even lax) algebra morphisms are algebra 2cells. The consideration of lax morphisms leads us to a new characterization of those monads, studied by Kock and Zoberlein, for which "structure is adjoint to unit", and which we now call laxidempotent 2monads: both these and their colaxidempotent duals are fully propertylike. We end by showing that (at least for finitary 2monads) the classes of propertylikes, fully propertylike...
Cofibrantly generated natural weak factorisation systems
, 2007
"... There is an “algebraisation ” of the notion of weak factorisation system (w.f.s.) known as a natural weak factorisation system. In it, the two classes of maps of a w.f.s. are replaced by two categories of mapswithstructure, where the extra structure on a map now encodes a choice of liftings with r ..."
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Cited by 9 (0 self)
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There is an “algebraisation ” of the notion of weak factorisation system (w.f.s.) known as a natural weak factorisation system. In it, the two classes of maps of a w.f.s. are replaced by two categories of mapswithstructure, where the extra structure on a map now encodes a choice of liftings with respect to the other class. This extra structure has pleasant consequences: for example, a natural w.f.s. on C induces a canonical natural w.f.s. structure on any functor category [A, C]. In this paper, we define cofibrantly generated natural weak factorisation systems by analogy with cofibrantly generated w.f.s.’s. We then construct them by a method which is reminiscent of Quillen’s small object argument but produces factorisations which are much smaller and easier to handle, and show that the resultant natural w.f.s. is, in a suitable sense, freely generated by its generating cofibrations. Finally, we show that the two categories of mapswithstructure for a natural w.f.s. are closed under all the constructions we would expect of them: (co)limits, pushouts / pullbacks, transfinite composition, and so on. 1
Coalgebraic semantics for timed processes
 Inf. & Comp
, 2006
"... We give a coalgebraic formulation of timed processes and their operational semantics. We model time by a monoid called a “time domain”, and we model processes by “timed transition systems”, which amount to partial monoid actions of the time domain or, equivalently, coalgebras for an “evolution comon ..."
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Cited by 8 (1 self)
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We give a coalgebraic formulation of timed processes and their operational semantics. We model time by a monoid called a “time domain”, and we model processes by “timed transition systems”, which amount to partial monoid actions of the time domain or, equivalently, coalgebras for an “evolution comonad ” generated by the time domain. All our examples of time domains satisfy a partial closure property, yielding a distributive law of a monad for total monoid actions over the evolution comonad, and hence a distributive law of the evolution comonad over a dual comonad for total monoid actions. We show that the induced coalgebras are exactly timed transition systems with delay operators. We then integrate our coalgebraic formulation of time qua timed transition systems into Turi and Plotkin’s formulation of structural operational semantics in terms of distributive laws. We combine timing with action via the more general study of the combination of two arbitrary sorts of behaviour whose operational semantics may interact. We give a modular account of the operational semantics for a combination induced by that of each of its components. Our study necessitates the investigation of products of comonads. In particular, we characterise when a monad lifts to the category of coalgebras for a product comonad, providing constructions with which one can readily calculate. Key words: time domains, timed transition systems, evolution comonads, delay operators, structural operational semantics, modularity, distributive laws 1