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277
Gravity coupled with matter and the foundation of non commutative geometry
, 1996
"... We first exhibit in the commutative case the simple algebraic relations between the algebra of functions on a manifold and its infinitesimal length element ds. Its unitary representations correspond to Riemannian metrics and Spin structure while ds is the Dirac propagator ds = ×— × = D −1 where D i ..."
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Cited by 354 (18 self)
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We first exhibit in the commutative case the simple algebraic relations between the algebra of functions on a manifold and its infinitesimal length element ds. Its unitary representations correspond to Riemannian metrics and Spin structure while ds is the Dirac propagator ds = ×— × = D −1 where D is the Dirac operator. We extend these simple relations to the non commutative case using Tomita’s involution J. We then write a spectral action, the trace of a function of the length element in Planck units, which when applied to the non commutative geometry of the Standard Model will be shown (in a joint work with Ali Chamseddine) to give the SM Lagrangian coupled to gravity. The internal fluctuations of the non commutative geometry are trivial in the commutative case but yield the full bosonic sector of SM with all correct quantum numbers in the slightly non commutative case. The group of local gauge transformations appears spontaneously as a normal subgroup of the diffeomorphism group.
Finite element exterior calculus, homological techniques, and applications
 ACTA NUMERICA
, 2006
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Noncommutative manifolds, the instanton algebra and isospectral deformations
 Comm. Math. Phys
"... We give new examples of noncommutative manifolds that are less standard than the NCtorus or Moyal deformations of R n. They arise naturally from basic considerations of noncommutative differential topology and have nontrivial global features. The new examples include the instanton algebra and the ..."
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Cited by 172 (29 self)
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We give new examples of noncommutative manifolds that are less standard than the NCtorus or Moyal deformations of R n. They arise naturally from basic considerations of noncommutative differential topology and have nontrivial global features. The new examples include the instanton algebra and the NC4spheres S4 θ. We construct the noncommutative algebras A = C ∞ (S4 θ) of functions on NCspheres as solutions to the vanishing, chj(e) = 0,j < 2, of the Chern character in the cyclic homology of A of an idempotent e ∈ M4(A), e2 = e, e = e ∗. We describe the universal noncommutative space obtained from this equation as a noncommutative Grassmanian as well as the corresponding notion of admissible morphisms. This space Gr contains the suspension of a NC3sphere intimately related to quantum group deformations SUq(2) of SU(2) but for unusual values (complex values of modulus one) of the parameter q of qanalogues, q = exp(2πiθ). We then construct the noncommutative geometry of S4 θ as given by a spectral triple (A, H,D) and check all axioms of noncommutative manifolds. In a previous paper it was shown that for any Riemannian metric gµν on S4 whose volume form √ g d4x is the same as the one for the round metric, the corresponding Dirac operator gives a solution to the following quartic equation, e − 1
Noncommutative FiniteDimensional Manifolds  I. SPHERICAL MANIFOLDS AND RELATED EXAMPLES
, 2001
"... We exhibit large classes of examples of noncommutative finitedimensional manifolds which are (nonformal) deformations of classical manifolds. The main result of this paper is a complete description of noncommutative threedimensional spherical manifolds, a noncommutative version of the sphere S 3 d ..."
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Cited by 125 (15 self)
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We exhibit large classes of examples of noncommutative finitedimensional manifolds which are (nonformal) deformations of classical manifolds. The main result of this paper is a complete description of noncommutative threedimensional spherical manifolds, a noncommutative version of the sphere S 3 defined by basic Ktheoretic equations. We find a 3parameter family of deformations of the standard 3sphere S 3 and a corresponding 3parameter deformation of the 4dimensional Euclidean space R 4. For generic values of the deformation parameters we show that the obtained algebras of polynomials on the deformed R 4 u are isomorphic to the algebras introduced by Sklyanin in connection with the YangBaxter equation. Special values of the deformation parameters do not give rise to Sklyanin algebras and we extract a subclass, the θdeformations, which we generalize in any dimension and various contexts, and study in some details. Here, and
Projective module description of the qmonopole
 COMUN.MATH.PHYS
, 1999
"... The Dirac qmonopole connection is used to compute projector matrices of quantum Hopf line bundles for arbitrary winding number. The ChernConnes pairing of cyclic cohomology and Ktheory is computed for the winding number −1. The nontriviality of this pairing is used to conclude that the quantum p ..."
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Cited by 50 (20 self)
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The Dirac qmonopole connection is used to compute projector matrices of quantum Hopf line bundles for arbitrary winding number. The ChernConnes pairing of cyclic cohomology and Ktheory is computed for the winding number −1. The nontriviality of this pairing is used to conclude that the quantum principal Hopf fibration is noncleft. Among general results, we provide a leftright symmetric characterization of the canonical strong connections on quantum principal homogeneous spaces with an injective antipode. We also provide for arbitrary strong connections on algebraic quantum principal bundles (HopfGalois extensions) their associated covariant derivatives on projective modules.
Lectures on graded differential algebras and noncommutative geometry
, 1999
"... These notes contain a survey of some aspects of the theory of graded differential algebras and of noncommutative differential calculi as well as of some applications connected with physics. They also give a description of several new developments. ..."
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Cited by 49 (5 self)
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These notes contain a survey of some aspects of the theory of graded differential algebras and of noncommutative differential calculi as well as of some applications connected with physics. They also give a description of several new developments.
A short survey of noncommutative geometry
 J. Math. Physics
, 2000
"... We give a survey of selected topics in noncommutative geometry, with some emphasis on those directly related to physics, including our recent work with Dirk Kreimer on renormalization and the RiemannHilbert problem. We discuss at length two issues. The first is the relevance of the paradigm of geom ..."
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Cited by 49 (4 self)
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We give a survey of selected topics in noncommutative geometry, with some emphasis on those directly related to physics, including our recent work with Dirk Kreimer on renormalization and the RiemannHilbert problem. We discuss at length two issues. The first is the relevance of the paradigm of geometric space, based on spectral considerations, which is central in the theory. As a simple illustration of the spectral formulation of geometry in the ordinary commutative case, we give a polynomial equation for geometries on the four dimensional sphere with fixed volume. The equation involves an idempotent e, playing the role of the instanton, and the Dirac operator D. It expresses the gamma five matrix as the pairing between the operator theoretic chern characters of e and D. It is of degree five in the idempotent and four in the Dirac operator which only appears through its commutant with the idempotent. It determines both the sphere and all its metrics with fixed volume form. We also show using the noncommutative analogue of the Polyakov action, how to obtain the noncommutative metric (in spectral form) on the noncommutative tori from the formal naive metric. We conclude on some questions related to string theory. I