Results 1  10
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137
Szemerédi's Regularity Lemma and Its Applications in Graph Theory
, 1996
"... Szemer'edi's Regularity Lemma is an important tool in discrete mathematics. It says that, in some sense, all graphs can be approximated by randomlooking graphs. Therefore the lemma helps in proving theorems for arbitrary graphs whenever the corresponding result is easy for random graphs. ..."
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Cited by 203 (3 self)
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Szemer'edi's Regularity Lemma is an important tool in discrete mathematics. It says that, in some sense, all graphs can be approximated by randomlooking graphs. Therefore the lemma helps in proving theorems for arbitrary graphs whenever the corresponding result is easy for random graphs. Recently quite a few new results were obtained by using the Regularity Lemma, and also some new variants and generalizations appeared. In this survey we describe some typical applications and some generalizations. Contents Preface 1. Introduction 2. How to apply the Regularity Lemma 3. Early applications 4. Building large subgraphs 5. Embedding trees 6. Bounded degree spanning subgraphs 7. Weakening the Regularity Lemma 8. Strengthening the Regularity Lemma 9. Algorithmic questions 10. Regularity and randomness Preface Szemer'edi's Regularity Lemma [121] is one of the most powerful tools of (extremal) graph theory. It was invented as an auxiliary lemma in the proof of the famous conjectu...
The primes contain arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions
 Ann. of Math
"... Abstract. We prove that there are arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions of primes. ..."
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Cited by 151 (26 self)
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Abstract. We prove that there are arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions of primes.
An ergodic Szemer'edi theorem for commuting transformations
 J. Analyse Math
, 1979
"... The classical Poincar6 recurrence theorem asserts that under the action of a measure preserving transformation T of a finite measure space (X, ~, p.), every set A of positive measure recurs in the sense that for some n> 0,/z (T'A n A)> 0. In [1] this was extended to multiple recurrence: ..."
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Cited by 75 (2 self)
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The classical Poincar6 recurrence theorem asserts that under the action of a measure preserving transformation T of a finite measure space (X, ~, p.), every set A of positive measure recurs in the sense that for some n> 0,/z (T'A n A)> 0. In [1] this was extended to multiple recurrence: the transformations T, T2,..., T k have a common power satisfying /x (A n ThA n... n Tk"A)> 0 for a set A of positive measure. We also showed that this result implies Szemer6di's theorem stating that any set of integers of positive upper density contains arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. In [2] a topological analogue of this is proved: if T is a homeomorphism of a compact metric space X, for any e>0 and k = 1,2,3,.., there is a point x E X and a common power of T, T 2, 9 9 9 T k such that d(x, Tnx) < e, d(x, T2"x) < e,. 9 d(x, Tk~x) < e. This (weaker) result, in turn, implies van der Waerden's theorem on arithmetic progressions for partitions of the integers. Now in this case a virtually identical argument shows that the topological result is true for any k commuting transformations. This would lead one to expect that the measure theoretic result is also true for arbitrary commuting transformations. (It is easy to give a counterexample with noncommuting transformations.) We prove this in what follows. Theorem A. Let (X,~,/z) be a measure space with /z(X)<oo, let T~, T2, 9 9 9 Tk be commuting measure preserving transformations of X and let A E B with tz (A)> O. Then lim inf 1 N ~N 1 Iz ( T~'A A Tj~A N...A T~A)>O. A corollary is the multidimensional extension of Szemer6di's theorem: Theorem B. Let S C Z " be a subset with positive upper density and let F C Z " be any finite configuration. Then there exists an integer d and a vector n E Z " such that n+dFCS.
The counting lemma for regular kuniform hypergraphs
, 2004
"... Szemerédi’s Regularity Lemma proved to be a powerful tool in the area of extremal graph theory. Many of its applications are based on its accompanying Counting Lemma: If G is an ℓpartite graph with V (G) = V1 ∪ · · · ∪ Vℓ and Vi  = n for all i ∈ [ℓ], and all pairs (Vi, Vj) are εregular of ..."
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Cited by 66 (10 self)
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Szemerédi’s Regularity Lemma proved to be a powerful tool in the area of extremal graph theory. Many of its applications are based on its accompanying Counting Lemma: If G is an ℓpartite graph with V (G) = V1 ∪ · · · ∪ Vℓ and Vi  = n for all i ∈ [ℓ], and all pairs (Vi, Vj) are εregular of density d for ℓ 1 ≤ i < j ≤ ℓ, then G contains (1 ± fℓ(ε))d
A variant of the hypergraph removal lemma
, 2006
"... Abstract. Recent work of Gowers [10] and Nagle, Rödl, Schacht, and Skokan [15], [19], [20] has established a hypergraph removal lemma, which in turn implies some results of Szemerédi [26] and FurstenbergKatznelson [7] concerning onedimensional and multidimensional arithmetic progressions respecti ..."
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Cited by 47 (4 self)
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Abstract. Recent work of Gowers [10] and Nagle, Rödl, Schacht, and Skokan [15], [19], [20] has established a hypergraph removal lemma, which in turn implies some results of Szemerédi [26] and FurstenbergKatznelson [7] concerning onedimensional and multidimensional arithmetic progressions respectively. In this paper we shall give a selfcontained proof of this hypergraph removal lemma. In fact we prove a slight strengthening of the result, which we will use in a subsequent paper [29] to establish (among other things) infinitely many constellations of a prescribed shape in the Gaussian primes. 1.
UNIVERSAL CHARACTERISTIC FACTORS AND FURSTENBERG AVERAGES
, 2004
"... Let X = (X 0, B, µ, T) be an ergodic probability measure preserving system. For a natural number k we consider the averages N ∑ k ∏ 1 fj(T ..."
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Cited by 46 (2 self)
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Let X = (X 0, B, µ, T) be an ergodic probability measure preserving system. For a natural number k we consider the averages N ∑ k ∏ 1 fj(T
Tiling the Line with Translates of One Tile
"... This paper shows for a bounded tile that all tilings it gives of R are periodic, and that there are finitely many translationequivalence classes of such tilings. The main result of the paper is that for any tiling of R by a bounded tile, any two tiles in the tiling differ by a rational multiple of ..."
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Cited by 45 (8 self)
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This paper shows for a bounded tile that all tilings it gives of R are periodic, and that there are finitely many translationequivalence classes of such tilings. The main result of the paper is that for any tiling of R by a bounded tile, any two tiles in the tiling differ by a rational multiple of the minimal period of the tiling. This result implies a structure theorem characterizing such tiles in terms of complementing sets for finite cyclic groups. 1. Introduction
A POLYNOMIAL BOUND IN FREIMAN’S THEOREM
 DUKE MATHEMATICAL JOURNAL VOL. 113, NO. 3
, 2002
"... In this paper the following improvement on Freiman’s theorem on set addition is obtained (see Theorems 1 and 2 in Section 1). Let A ⊂ Z be a finite set such that A + A  < αA. Then A is contained in a proper ddimensional progression P, where d ≤ [α − 1] and log(P/A) < Cα 2 (log α) 3. E ..."
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Cited by 43 (2 self)
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In this paper the following improvement on Freiman’s theorem on set addition is obtained (see Theorems 1 and 2 in Section 1). Let A ⊂ Z be a finite set such that A + A  < αA. Then A is contained in a proper ddimensional progression P, where d ≤ [α − 1] and log(P/A) < Cα 2 (log α) 3. Earlier bounds involved exponential dependence in α in the second estimate. Our argument combines I. Ruzsa’s method, which we improve in several places, as well as Y. Bilu’s proof of Freiman’s theorem.
Norm convergence of multiple ergodic averages for commuting transformations
, 2007
"... Let T1,..., Tl: X → X be commuting measurepreserving transformations on a probability space (X, X, µ). We show that the multiple ergodic averages 1 PN−1 N n=0 f1(T n 1 x)... fl(T n l x) are convergent in L2 (X, X, µ) as N → ∞ for all f1,..., fl ∈ L ∞ (X, X, µ); this was previously established fo ..."
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Cited by 34 (1 self)
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Let T1,..., Tl: X → X be commuting measurepreserving transformations on a probability space (X, X, µ). We show that the multiple ergodic averages 1 PN−1 N n=0 f1(T n 1 x)... fl(T n l x) are convergent in L2 (X, X, µ) as N → ∞ for all f1,..., fl ∈ L ∞ (X, X, µ); this was previously established for l = 2 by Conze and Lesigne [2] and for general l assuming some additional ergodicity hypotheses on the maps Ti and TiT −1 j by Frantzikinakis and Kra [3] (with the l = 3 case of this result established earlier in [29]). Our approach is combinatorial and finitary in nature, inspired by recent developments regarding the hypergraph regularity and removal lemmas, although we will not need the full strength of those lemmas. In particular, the l = 2 case of our arguments are a finitary analogue of those in [2].
A quantitative ergodic theory proof of Szemerédi’s theorem
, 2004
"... A famous theorem of Szemerédi asserts that given any density 0 < δ ≤ 1 and any integer k ≥ 3, any set of integers with density δ will contain infinitely many proper arithmetic progressions of length k. For general k there are essentially four known proofs of this fact; Szemerédi’s original combin ..."
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Cited by 33 (14 self)
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A famous theorem of Szemerédi asserts that given any density 0 < δ ≤ 1 and any integer k ≥ 3, any set of integers with density δ will contain infinitely many proper arithmetic progressions of length k. For general k there are essentially four known proofs of this fact; Szemerédi’s original combinatorial proof using the Szemerédi regularity lemma and van der Waerden’s theorem, Furstenberg’s proof using ergodic theory, Gowers’ proof using Fourier analysis and the inverse theory of additive combinatorics, and Gowers’ more recent proof using a hypergraph regularity lemma. Of these four, the ergodic theory proof is arguably the shortest, but also the least elementary, requiring in particular the use of transfinite induction (and thus the axiom of choice), decomposing a general ergodic system as the weakly mixing extension of a transfinite tower of compact extensions. Here we present a quantitative, selfcontained version of this ergodic theory proof, and which is “elementary ” in the sense that it does not require the axiom of choice, the use of infinite sets or measures, or the use of the Fourier transform or inverse theorems from additive combinatorics. It also gives explicit (but extremely poor) quantitative bounds.