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167
Bigraphs and Mobile Processes
, 2003
"... A bigraphical reactive system (BRS) involves bigraphs, in which the nesting of nodes represents locality, independently of the edges connecting them; it also allows bigraphs to reconfigure themselves. BRSs aim to provide a uniform way to model spatially distributed systems that both compute and comm ..."
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Cited by 1000 (29 self)
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A bigraphical reactive system (BRS) involves bigraphs, in which the nesting of nodes represents locality, independently of the edges connecting them; it also allows bigraphs to reconfigure themselves. BRSs aim to provide a uniform way to model spatially distributed systems that both compute and communicate. In this memorandum we develop their static and dynamic theory. In part I, we illustrate...
Term Rewriting Systems
, 1992
"... Term Rewriting Systems play an important role in various areas, such as abstract data type specifications, implementations of functional programming languages and automated deduction. In this chapter we introduce several of the basic comcepts and facts for TRS's. Specifically, we discuss Abstract Re ..."
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Cited by 567 (16 self)
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Term Rewriting Systems play an important role in various areas, such as abstract data type specifications, implementations of functional programming languages and automated deduction. In this chapter we introduce several of the basic comcepts and facts for TRS's. Specifically, we discuss Abstract Reduction Systems
Process algebra for synchronous communication
 Inform. and Control
, 1984
"... Within the context of an algebraic theory of processes, an equational specification of process cooperation is provided. Four cases are considered: free merge or interleaving, merging with communication, merging with mutual exclusion of tight regions, and synchronous process cooperation. The rewrite ..."
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Cited by 364 (51 self)
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Within the context of an algebraic theory of processes, an equational specification of process cooperation is provided. Four cases are considered: free merge or interleaving, merging with communication, merging with mutual exclusion of tight regions, and synchronous process cooperation. The rewrite system behind the communication algebra is shown to be confluent and terminating (modulo its permutative reductions). Further, some relationships are shown to hold between the four concepts of merging. © 1984 Academic Press, Inc.
Branching Time and Abstraction in Bisimulation Semantics
 Journal of the ACM
, 1996
"... Abstract. In comparative concurrency semantics, one usually distinguishes between linear time and branching time semantic equivalences. Milner’s notion of ohsen~ation equirlalence is often mentioned as the standard example of a branching time equivalence. In this paper we investigate whether observa ..."
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Cited by 249 (14 self)
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Abstract. In comparative concurrency semantics, one usually distinguishes between linear time and branching time semantic equivalences. Milner’s notion of ohsen~ation equirlalence is often mentioned as the standard example of a branching time equivalence. In this paper we investigate whether observation equivalence really does respect the branching structure of processes, and find that in the presence of the unobservable action 7 of CCS this is not the case. Therefore, the notion of branching hisimulation equivalence is introduced which strongly preserves the branching structure of processes, in the sense that it preserves computations together with the potentials in all intermediate states that are passed through, even if silent moves are involved. On closed KSterms branching bisimulation congruence can be completely axiomatized by the single axiom scheme: a.(7.(y + z) + y) = a.(y + z) (where a ranges over all actions) and the usual laws for strong congruence. WC also establish that for sequential processes observation equivalence is not preserved under refinement of actions, whereas branching bisimulation is. For a large class of processes, it turns out that branching bisimulation and observation equivalence are the same. As far as we know, all protocols that have been verified in the setting of observation equivalence happen to fit in this class, and hence are also valid in the stronger setting of branching hisimulation equivalence.
A Calculus of Mobile Processes, Part I
 I AND II. INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1989
"... We present the ßcalculus, a calculus of communicating systems in which one can naturally express processes which have changing structure. Not only may the component agents of a system be arbitrarily linked, but a communication between neighbours may carry information which changes that linkage. The ..."
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Cited by 189 (3 self)
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We present the ßcalculus, a calculus of communicating systems in which one can naturally express processes which have changing structure. Not only may the component agents of a system be arbitrarily linked, but a communication between neighbours may carry information which changes that linkage. The calculus is an extension of the process algebra CCS, following work by Engberg and Nielsen who added mobility to CCS while preserving its algebraic properties. The ßcalculus gains simplicity by removing all distinction between variables and constants; communication links are identified by names, and computation is represented purely as the communication of names across links. After an illustrated description of how the ßcalculus generalises conventional process algebras in treating mobility, several examples exploiting mobility are given in some detail. The important examples are the encoding into the ß calculus of higherorder functions (the calculus and combinatory algebra), the tr...
A Congruence Theorem for Structured Operational Semantics With Predicates
, 1993
"... . We proposed a syntactical format, the path format, for structured operational semantics in which predicates may occur. We proved that strong bisimulation is a congruence for all the operators that can be defined within the path format. To show that this format is useful we provided many examples t ..."
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Cited by 109 (5 self)
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. We proposed a syntactical format, the path format, for structured operational semantics in which predicates may occur. We proved that strong bisimulation is a congruence for all the operators that can be defined within the path format. To show that this format is useful we provided many examples that we took from the literature about CCS, CSP, and ACP; they do satisfy the path format but no formats proposed by others. The examples include concepts like termination, convergence, divergence, weak bisimulation, a zero object, side conditions, functions, real time, discrete time, sequencing, negative premises, negative conclusions, and priorities (or a combination of these notions). Key Words & Phrases: structured operational semantics, term deduction system, transition system specification, structured state system, labelled transition system, strong bisimulation, congruence theorem, predicate. 1980 Mathematics Subject Classification (1985 Revision): 68Q05, 68Q55. CR Categories: D.3.1...
Classification of Security Properties (Part I: Information Flow)
, 2001
"... In the recent years, many formalizations of security properties have been proposed, most of which are based on different underlying models and are consequently difficult to compare. A classification of security properties is thus of interest for understanding the relationships among different defini ..."
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Cited by 90 (16 self)
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In the recent years, many formalizations of security properties have been proposed, most of which are based on different underlying models and are consequently difficult to compare. A classification of security properties is thus of interest for understanding the relationships among different definitions and for evaluating the relative merits. In this paper, many noninterferencelike properties proposed for computer security are classified and compared in a unifying framework. The resulting taxonomy is evaluated through some case studies of access control in computer systems. The approach has been mechanized, resulting in the tool CoSeC. Various extensions (e.g., the application to cryptographic protocol analysis) and open problems are discussed. This paper
Termination of Term Rewriting By Semantic Labelling
 FUNDAMENTA INFORMATICAE
, 1995
"... A new kind of transformation of term rewriting systems (TRS) is proposed, depending on a choice for a model for the TRS. The labelled TRS is obtained from the original one by labelling operation symbols, possibly creating extra copies of some rules. This construction has the remarkable property t ..."
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Cited by 86 (14 self)
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A new kind of transformation of term rewriting systems (TRS) is proposed, depending on a choice for a model for the TRS. The labelled TRS is obtained from the original one by labelling operation symbols, possibly creating extra copies of some rules. This construction has the remarkable property that the labelled TRS is terminating if and only if the original TRS is terminating. Although the labelled version has more operation symbols and may have more rules (sometimes infinitely many), termination is often easier to prove for the labelled TRS than for the original one. This provides a new technique for proving termination, making classical techniques like path orders and polynomial interpretations applicable even for nonsimplifying TRS's. The requirement of having a model can slightly be weakened, yielding a remarkably simple termination proof of the system SUBST of [11] describing explicit substitution in λcalculus.
The Compositional Security Checker: A Tool for the Verification of Information Flow Security Properties
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING
, 1996
"... ..."
πCalculus, Internal Mobility, and AgentPassing Calculi
 THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1995
"... The πcalculus is a process algebra which originates from CCS and permits a natural modelling of mobility (i.e., dynamic reconfigurations of the process linkage) using communication of names. Previous research has shown that the πcalculus has much greater expressiveness than CCS, but also a much mo ..."
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Cited by 80 (11 self)
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The πcalculus is a process algebra which originates from CCS and permits a natural modelling of mobility (i.e., dynamic reconfigurations of the process linkage) using communication of names. Previous research has shown that the πcalculus has much greater expressiveness than CCS, but also a much more complex mathematical theory. The primary goal of this work is to understand the reasons of this gap. Another goal is to compare the expressiveness of namepassing calculi, i.e., calculi like πcalculus where mobility is achieved via exchange of names, and that of agentpassing calculi, i.e., calculi where mobility is achieved via exchange of agents. We separate the mobility mechanisms of the πcalculus into two, respectively called internal mobility and external mobility. The study of the subcalculus which only uses internal mobility, called I, suggests that internal mobility is responsible for much of the expressiveness of the πcalculus, whereas external mobility is responsible for many of...