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Extensible Denotational Language Specifications
 SYMPOSIUM ON THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE, NUMBER 789 IN LNCS
, 1994
"... Traditional denotational semantics assigns radically different meanings to one and the same phrase depending on the rest of the programming language. If the language is purely functional, the denotation of a numeral is a function from environments to integers. But, in a functional language with impe ..."
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Cited by 32 (5 self)
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Traditional denotational semantics assigns radically different meanings to one and the same phrase depending on the rest of the programming language. If the language is purely functional, the denotation of a numeral is a function from environments to integers. But, in a functional language with imperative control operators, a numeral denotes a function from environments and continuations to integers. This paper introduces a new format for denotational language specifications, extended direct semantics, that accommodates orthogonal extensions of a language without changing the denotations of existing phrases. An extended direct semantics always maps a numeral to the same denotation: the injection of the corresponding number into the domain of values. In general, the denotation of a phrase in a functional language is always a projection of the denotation of the same phrase in the semantics of an extended languageno matter what the extension is. Based on extended direct semantics, i...
Proving the Correctness of RecursionBased Automatic Program Transformations
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1996
"... This paper shows how the Improvement Theorema semantic condition ..."
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Cited by 31 (4 self)
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This paper shows how the Improvement Theorema semantic condition
A semantic view of classical proofs  typetheoretic, categorical, and denotational characterizations (Extended Abstract)
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF LICS '96
, 1996
"... Classical logic is one of the best examples of a mathematical theory that is truly useful to computer science. Hardware and software engineers apply the theory routinely. Yet from a foundational standpoint, there are aspects of classical logic that are problematic. Unlike intuitionistic logic, class ..."
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Cited by 30 (2 self)
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Classical logic is one of the best examples of a mathematical theory that is truly useful to computer science. Hardware and software engineers apply the theory routinely. Yet from a foundational standpoint, there are aspects of classical logic that are problematic. Unlike intuitionistic logic, classical logic is often held to be nonconstructive, and so, is said to admit no proof semantics. To draw an analogy in the proofsas programs paradigm, it is as if we understand well the theory of manipulation between equivalent specifications (which we do), but have comparatively little foundational insight of the process of transforming one program to another that implements the same specification. This extended abstract outlines a semantic theory of classical proofs based on a variant of Parigot's λµcalculus [24], but presented here as a type theory. After reviewing the conceptual problems in the area and the potential benefits of such a theory, we sketch the key steps of our approach in ...
Typing References by Effect Inference
 4th European Symposium on Programming
, 1992
"... Hindley/Milnerstyle polymorphism is a simple, natural, and flexible type discipline for functional languages, but incorporating imperative extensions is difficult. We present a new technique for typing references in the presence of polymorphism by inferring a concise summary of each expression's al ..."
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Cited by 26 (5 self)
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Hindley/Milnerstyle polymorphism is a simple, natural, and flexible type discipline for functional languages, but incorporating imperative extensions is difficult. We present a new technique for typing references in the presence of polymorphism by inferring a concise summary of each expression's allocation behaviora type effect. A simple technique for proving soundness with respect to a reduction semantics demonstrates that the type system prevents type errors. By establishing that the system corresponds to an alternate system better suited to implementation, we obtain an algorithm to perform type and effect inference. 1 Polymorphism and References Hindley/Milnerstyle polymorphism [8, 12] is a simple, natural, and flexible type discipline for functional languages, but incorporating imperative extensions is difficult. While a number of systems for typing reference cells exist [3, 10, 16, 17, 18], we have devised a more direct approach based on inferring a concise summary of each ...
Concurrent Execution Semantics for DAMLS with Subtypes
 In The First International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC
, 2002
"... The DARPA Agent Markup Language ontology for Services (DAMLS) enables the description of Webbased services, such that they can be discovered, accessed and composed dynamically by intelligent software agents and other Web services, thereby facilitating the coordination between distributed, hete ..."
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Cited by 22 (2 self)
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The DARPA Agent Markup Language ontology for Services (DAMLS) enables the description of Webbased services, such that they can be discovered, accessed and composed dynamically by intelligent software agents and other Web services, thereby facilitating the coordination between distributed, heterogeneous systems on the Web. We describe a formalised syntax and an initial reference semantics for DAMLS, which incorporates subtype polymorphism. We contrast our semantics with an alternate semantics proposed for DAMLS, based on the situation calcu lus and Petri nets.
Total Correctness by Local Improvement in Program Transformation
 In Proceedings of the 22nd Annual ACM SIGPLANSIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages (POPL
, 1995
"... The goal of program transformation is to improve efficiency while preserving meaning. One of the best known transformation techniques is Burstall and Darlington's unfoldfold method. Unfortunately the unfoldfold method itself guarantees neither improvement in efficiency nor totalcorrectness. The c ..."
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Cited by 20 (3 self)
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The goal of program transformation is to improve efficiency while preserving meaning. One of the best known transformation techniques is Burstall and Darlington's unfoldfold method. Unfortunately the unfoldfold method itself guarantees neither improvement in efficiency nor totalcorrectness. The correctness problem for unfoldfold is an instance of a strictly more general problem: transformation by locally equivalencepreserving steps does not necessarily preserve (global) equivalence. This paper presents a condition for the total correctness of transformations on recursive programs, which, for the first time, deals with higherorder functional languages (both strict and nonstrict) including lazy data structures. The main technical result is an improvement theorem which says that if the local transformation steps are guided by certain optimisation concerns (a fairly natural condition for a transformation), then correctness of the transformation follows. The improvement theorem make...
Translating Core Facile
, 1995
"... In first approximation Core Facile is a simply typed calculus enriched with parallel composition, dynamic channel generation, and inputoutput synchronous communication primitives. In this paper we explore the (dynamic) semantics of core Facile programs. This should be taken as a basis for the def ..."
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Cited by 20 (2 self)
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In first approximation Core Facile is a simply typed calculus enriched with parallel composition, dynamic channel generation, and inputoutput synchronous communication primitives. In this paper we explore the (dynamic) semantics of core Facile programs. This should be taken as a basis for the definition of abstract machines, the transformation of programs, and the development of modal specification languages. We claim two main contributions. We introduce a new semantics based on the notion of barbed bisimulation. We argue that the derived equivalence provides a more satisfying treatment of restriction, in particular by proving the adequacy of a natural translation of Facile into ßcalculus we suggest that our approach is in good harmony with previous research on the semantics of subcalculi of Core Facile such as Chocs and ßcalculus. We illustrate at an abstract level various aspects of Facile compilation. In particular we introduce an `asynchronous' version of the Facile language...
From Operational to Denotational Semantics
 In MFPS 1991
, 1989
"... In this paper it is shown how operational semantic methods may be naturally extended to encompass many of the concepts of denotational semantics. This work builds on the standard development of an operational semantics as an interpreter and operational equivalence. The key addition is an operational ..."
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Cited by 18 (6 self)
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In this paper it is shown how operational semantic methods may be naturally extended to encompass many of the concepts of denotational semantics. This work builds on the standard development of an operational semantics as an interpreter and operational equivalence. The key addition is an operational ordering on sets of terms. From properties of this ordering a closure construction directly yields a fully abstract continuous cpo model. Furthermore, it is not necessary to construct the cpo, for principles such as soundness of fixedpoint induction may be obtained by direct reasoning from this new ordering. The end result is that traditional denotational techniques may be applied in a purely operational setting in a natural fashion, a matter of practical importance for developing semantics of realistic programming languages. 1 Introduction This paper aims to accomplish a degree of unification between operational and denotational approaches to programming language semantics by recasting d...
From SOS Rules to Proof Principles: An Operational Metatheory for Functional Languages
 In Proc. POPL'97, the 24 th ACM SIGPLANSIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages
, 1997
"... Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) is a widely used formalism for specifying the computational meaning of programs, and is commonly used in specifying the semantics of functional languages. Despite this widespread use there has been relatively little work on the imetatheoryj for such semantics. ..."
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Cited by 17 (1 self)
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Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) is a widely used formalism for specifying the computational meaning of programs, and is commonly used in specifying the semantics of functional languages. Despite this widespread use there has been relatively little work on the imetatheoryj for such semantics. As a consequence the operational approach to reasoning is considered ad hoc since the same basic proof techniques and reasoning tools are reestablished over and over, once for each operational semantics speciøcation. This paper develops some metatheory for a certain class of SOS language speciøcations for functional languages. We deøne a rule format, Globally Deterministic SOS (gdsos), and establish some proof principles for reasoning about equivalence which are sound for all languages which can be expressed in this format. More speciøcally, if the SOS rules for the operators of a language conform to the syntax of the gdsos format, then ffl a syntactic analogy of continuity holds, which rel...
A Constructive Formalization of the Catch and Throw Mechanism
 Conf. Rec. IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 1992
"... The catch/throw mechanism is a programming construct for nonlocal exit. In the practical programming, this mechanism plays an important role when programmers handle exceptional situations. In this paper we give a constructive formalization which captures the mechanism in the proofsasprograms noti ..."
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Cited by 16 (1 self)
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The catch/throw mechanism is a programming construct for nonlocal exit. In the practical programming, this mechanism plays an important role when programmers handle exceptional situations. In this paper we give a constructive formalization which captures the mechanism in the proofsasprograms notion. We introduce a modified version of LJ equipped with inference rules corresponding to the operations of catch and throw. Then we show that we can actually extract programs which make use of the catch/throw mechanism from proofs under a certain realizability interpretation. Although the catch/throw mechanism provides only a restricted access to the current continuation, the formulation remains constructive in contrast to the works due to Griffin and Murthy on more powerful facilities such as call/cc (callwithcurrentcontinuation) of Scheme.