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The Dirichlet Hopf algebra of arithmetics
 JOURNAL OF KNOT THEORY AND ITS RAMIFICATIUONS
, 2006
"... Many constructs in mathematical physics entail notational complexities, deriving from the manipulation of various types of index sets which often can be reduced to labelling by various multisets of integers. In this work, we develop systematically the “Dirichlet Hopf algebra of arithmetics ” by dual ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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Many constructs in mathematical physics entail notational complexities, deriving from the manipulation of various types of index sets which often can be reduced to labelling by various multisets of integers. In this work, we develop systematically the “Dirichlet Hopf algebra of arithmetics ” by dualizing the addition and multiplication maps. Then we study the additive and multiplicative antipodal convolutions which fail to give rise to Hopf algebra structures, but form only a weaker Hopf gebra obeying a weakened homomorphism axiom. A careful identification of the algebraic structures involved is done featuring subtraction, division and derivations derived from coproducts and chochains using branching operators. The consequences of the weakened structure of a Hopf gebra on cohomology are explored, showing this has major impact on number theory. This features multiplicativity versus complete multiplicativity of number theoretic arithmetic functions. The deficiency of not being a Hopf algebra is then cured by introducing an ‘unrenormalized’ coproduct and an ‘unrenormalized ’ pairing. It is then argued that exactly the failure of the homomorphism property (complete multiplicativity) for noncoprime integers is a blueprint for the problems in quantum field theory (QFT) leading to the need for renormalization. Renormalization turns out to be the morphism from the algebraically sound Hopf algebra to the physical and number
Why sets?
 PILLARS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE: ESSAYS DEDICATED TO BORIS (BOAZ) TRAKHTENBROT ON THE OCCASION OF HIS 85TH BIRTHDAY, VOLUME 4800 OF LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2008
"... Sets play a key role in foundations of mathematics. Why? To what extent is it an accident of history? Imagine that you have a chance to talk to mathematicians from a faraway planet. Would their mathematics be setbased? What are the alternatives to the settheoretic foundation of mathematics? Besi ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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Sets play a key role in foundations of mathematics. Why? To what extent is it an accident of history? Imagine that you have a chance to talk to mathematicians from a faraway planet. Would their mathematics be setbased? What are the alternatives to the settheoretic foundation of mathematics? Besides, set theory seems to play a significant role in computer science; is there a good justification for that? We discuss these and some related issues.
CONTENTS
, 2006
"... ABSTRACT. We analyse the Dirichlet convolution ring of arithmetic number theoretic functions. It turns out to fail to be a Hopf algebra on the diagonal, due to the lack of complete multiplicativity of the product and coproduct. A related Hopf algebra can be established, which however overcounts the ..."
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ABSTRACT. We analyse the Dirichlet convolution ring of arithmetic number theoretic functions. It turns out to fail to be a Hopf algebra on the diagonal, due to the lack of complete multiplicativity of the product and coproduct. A related Hopf algebra can be established, which however overcounts the diagonal. We argue that the mechanism of renormalization in quantum field theory is modelled after the same principle. Singularities hence arise as a (now continuously indexed) overcounting on the diagonals. Renormalization is given by the map from the auxiliary Hopf algebra to the weaker multiplicative structure, called Hopf gebra, rescaling the diagonals.