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The atomic model theorem and type omitting
 Trans. Amer. Math. Soc
"... We investigate the complexity of several classical model theoretic theorems about prime and atomic models and omitting types. Some are provable in RCA0, others are equivalent to ACA0. One, that every atomic theory has an atomic model, is not provable in RCA0 but is incomparable with WKL0, more than ..."
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Cited by 18 (4 self)
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We investigate the complexity of several classical model theoretic theorems about prime and atomic models and omitting types. Some are provable in RCA0, others are equivalent to ACA0. One, that every atomic theory has an atomic model, is not provable in RCA0 but is incomparable with WKL0, more than Π1 1 conservative over RCA0 and strictly weaker than all the combinatorial principles of Hirschfeldt and Shore [2007] that are not Π1 1 conservative over RCA0. A priority argument with Shore blocking shows that it is also Π1 1conservative over BΣ2. We also provide a theorem provable by a finite injury priority argument that is conservative over IΣ1 but implies IΣ2 over BΣ2, and a type omitting theorem that is equivalent to the principle that for every X there is a set that is hyperimmune relative to X. Finally, we give a version of the atomic model theorem that is equivalent to the principle that for every X there is a set that is not recursive in X, and is thus in a sense the weakest possible natural principle not true in the ωmodel consisting of the recursive sets.
Computable trees, prime models, and relative decidability
 PROC. AMER. MATH. SOC
, 2005
"... We show that for every computable tree T with no dead ends and all paths computable, and every D>T ∅, there is a Dcomputable listing of the isolated paths of T. It follows that for every complete decidable theory T such that all the types of T are computable and every D>T ∅, there is a Ddec ..."
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Cited by 7 (4 self)
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We show that for every computable tree T with no dead ends and all paths computable, and every D>T ∅, there is a Dcomputable listing of the isolated paths of T. It follows that for every complete decidable theory T such that all the types of T are computable and every D>T ∅, there is a Ddecidable prime model of T. This result extends a theorem of Csima and yields a stronger version of the theorem, due independently to Slaman and Wehner, that there is a structure with presentations of every nonzero degree but no computable presentation.
Turing degrees of isomorphism types of algebraic objects
 Journal of the London Mathematical Society
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The atomic model theorem
"... We investigate the complexity of several classical model theoretic theorems about prime and atomic models and omitting types. Some are provable in RCA0, others are equivalent to ACA0. One, that every atomic theory has an atomic model, is not provable in RCA0 but is incomparable with WKL0, more than ..."
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Cited by 3 (1 self)
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We investigate the complexity of several classical model theoretic theorems about prime and atomic models and omitting types. Some are provable in RCA0, others are equivalent to ACA0. One, that every atomic theory has an atomic model, is not provable in RCA0 but is incomparable with WKL0, more than Π1 1 conservative over RCA0 and strictly weaker than all the combinatorial principles of Hirschfeldt and Shore [2007] that are not Π1 1 conservative over RCA0. A priority argument with Shore blocking shows that it is also Π 1 1conservative over BΣ2. We also provide a theorem provable by a finite injury priority argument that is conservative over IΣ1 but implies IΣ2 over BΣ2, and a type omitting theorem that is equivalent to the principle that for every X there is a set that is hyperimmune relative to X. Finally, we give a version of the atomic model theorem that is equivalent to the principle that for every X there is a set that is not recursive in X, and is thus in a sense the weakest possible natural principle not true in the ωmodel consisting of the recursive sets.
Soare, Bounding homogeneous models
"... A Turing degree d is homogeneous bounding if every complete decidable (CD) theory has a ddecidable homogeneous model A, i.e., the elementary diagram D e (A) has degree d. It follows from results of Macintyre and Marker that every PA degree (i.e., every degree of a complete extension of Peano Arithm ..."
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A Turing degree d is homogeneous bounding if every complete decidable (CD) theory has a ddecidable homogeneous model A, i.e., the elementary diagram D e (A) has degree d. It follows from results of Macintyre and Marker that every PA degree (i.e., every degree of a complete extension of Peano Arithmetic) is homogeneous bounding. We prove that in fact a degree is homogeneous bounding if and only if it is a PA degree. We do this by showing that there is a single CD theory T such that every homogeneous model of T has a PA degree. 1
Slicing the Truth: On the Computability Theoretic and Reverse Mathematical Analysis of . . .
 INSTITUTE FOR MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE, WORLD SCIENTIFIC
"... In this expository article, we discuss two closely related approaches to studying the relative strength of mathematical principles: computable mathematics and reverse mathematics. Drawing our examples from combinatorics and model theory, we explore a variety of phenomena and techniques in these area ..."
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In this expository article, we discuss two closely related approaches to studying the relative strength of mathematical principles: computable mathematics and reverse mathematics. Drawing our examples from combinatorics and model theory, we explore a variety of phenomena and techniques in these areas. We begin with variations on König’s Lemma, and give an introduction to reverse mathematics and related parts of computability theory. We then focus on Ramsey’s Theorem as a case study in the computability theoretic and reverse mathematical analysis of combinatorial principles. We study Ramsey’s Theorem for Pairs (RT22) in detail, focusing on fundamental tools such as stability, cohesiveness, and Mathias forcing; and on combinatorial and model theoretic consequences of RT22. We also discuss the important theme of conservativity results. In the final section, we explore several topics that reveal various aspects of computable mathematics and reverse mathematics. An appendix contains a proof of Liu’s recent result that RT22 does not imply Weak König’s Lemma. There are exercises and open questions throughout the article.
INDUCTION, BOUNDING, WEAK COMBINATORIAL PRINCIPLES, AND THE HOMOGENEOUS MODEL THEOREM
, 2014
"... Goncharov and Peretyat’kin independently gave necessary and sufficient conditions for when a set of types of a complete theory T is the type spectrum of some homogeneous model of T. Their result can be stated as a principle of second order arithmetic, which we call the Homogeneous Model Theorem (HM ..."
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Goncharov and Peretyat’kin independently gave necessary and sufficient conditions for when a set of types of a complete theory T is the type spectrum of some homogeneous model of T. Their result can be stated as a principle of second order arithmetic, which we call the Homogeneous Model Theorem (HMT), and analyzed from the points of view of computability theory and reverse mathematics. Previous computability theoretic results by Lange suggested a close connection between HMT and the Atomic Model Theorem (AMT), which states that every complete atomic theory has an atomic model. We show that HMT and AMT are indeed equivalent in the sense of reverse mathematics, as well as in a strong computability theoretic sense. We do the same for an analogous result of Peretyat’kin giving necessary and sufficient conditions for when a set of types is the type spectrum of some model.
doi:10.1112/jlms/jdl012 TURING DEGREES OF ISOMORPHISM TYPES OF ALGEBRAIC OBJECTS
"... The Turing degree spectrum of a countable structure A is the set of all Turing degrees of isomorphic copies of A. The Turing degree of the isomorphism type of A, if it exists, is the least Turing degree in its degree spectrum. We show that there are elements with isomorphism types of arbitrary Turin ..."
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The Turing degree spectrum of a countable structure A is the set of all Turing degrees of isomorphic copies of A. The Turing degree of the isomorphism type of A, if it exists, is the least Turing degree in its degree spectrum. We show that there are elements with isomorphism types of arbitrary Turing degrees in each of the following classes: countable fields, rings, and torsionfree Abelian groups of any finite rank. We also show that there are structures in each of these classes the isomorphism types of which do not have Turing degrees. The case of torsionfree Abelian groups of finite rank settles a question left open by Knight, Downey and Jockusch