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The Impact of the Lambda Calculus in Logic and Computer Science
 Bulletin of Symbolic Logic
, 1997
"... One of the most important contributions of A. Church to logic is his invention of the lambda calculus. We present the genesis of this theory and its two major areas of application: the representation of computations and the resulting functional programming languages on the one hand and the represent ..."
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One of the most important contributions of A. Church to logic is his invention of the lambda calculus. We present the genesis of this theory and its two major areas of application: the representation of computations and the resulting functional programming languages on the one hand and the representation of reasoning and the resulting systems of computer mathematics on the other hand. Acknowledgement. The following persons provided help in various ways. Erik Barendsen, Jon Barwise, Johan van Benthem, Andreas Blass, Olivier Danvy, Wil Dekkers, Marko van Eekelen, Sol Feferman, Andrzej Filinski, Twan Laan, Jan Kuper, Pierre Lescanne, Hans Mooij, Robert Maron, Rinus Plasmeijer, Randy Pollack, Kristoffer Rose, Richard Shore, Rick Statman and Simon Thompson. Partial support came from the European HCM project Typed lambda calculus (CHRXCT920046), the Esprit Working Group Types (21900) and the Dutch NWO project WINST (612316607). 1. Introduction This paper is written to honor Church's gr...
Categorical Logic of Names and Abstraction in Action Calculi
, 1993
"... ion elimination Definition 3.1. A monoidal category where every object has a commutative comonoid structure is said to be semicartesian. An action category is a K\Omega category with a distinguished admissible commutative comonoid structure on every object. A semicartesian category is cartesi ..."
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ion elimination Definition 3.1. A monoidal category where every object has a commutative comonoid structure is said to be semicartesian. An action category is a K\Omega category with a distinguished admissible commutative comonoid structure on every object. A semicartesian category is cartesian if and only if each object carries a unique comonoid structure, and such structures form two natural families, \Delta and !. The naturality means that all morphisms of the category must be comonoid homomorphisms. In action categories, the property of semicartesianness is fixed as structure: on each object, a particular comonoid structure is chosen. This choice may be constrained by some given graphic operations, with respect to which the structures must be admissible. The proof of proposition 2.6 shows that such structures determine the abstraction operators, and are determined by them. This is the essence of the equivalence of action categories and action calculi. As the embodiment of 2...
Finite Family Developments
"... Associate to a rewrite system R having rules l → r, its labelled version R ω having rules l ◦ m+1 → r • , for any natural number m m ∈ ω. These rules roughly express that a lefthand side l carrying labels all larger than m can be replaced by its righthand side r carrying labels all smaller than o ..."
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Cited by 13 (6 self)
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Associate to a rewrite system R having rules l → r, its labelled version R ω having rules l ◦ m+1 → r • , for any natural number m m ∈ ω. These rules roughly express that a lefthand side l carrying labels all larger than m can be replaced by its righthand side r carrying labels all smaller than or equal to m. A rewrite system R enjoys finite family developments (FFD) if R ω is terminating. We show that the class of higher order pattern rewrite systems enjoys FFD, extending earlier results for the lambda calculus and first order term rewrite systems.
Normalisation, Approximation, and Semantics for Combinator Systems
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 2003
"... This paper studies normalization of typeable terms and the relation between approximation semantics and filter models for Combinator Systems. It presents notions of approximants for terms, intersection type assignment, and reduction on type derivations; the last will be proved to be strongly normali ..."
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This paper studies normalization of typeable terms and the relation between approximation semantics and filter models for Combinator Systems. It presents notions of approximants for terms, intersection type assignment, and reduction on type derivations; the last will be proved to be strongly normalizable. With this result, it is shown that, for every typeable term, there exists an approximant with the same type, and a characterization of the normalization behaviour of terms using their assignable types is given. Then the two semantics are defined and compared, and it is shown that the approximants semantics is fully abstract but the filter semantics is not.
Universally programmable intelligent matter summary
 in IEEE Nano 2002. IEEE Press
, 2002
"... Abstract — We explain how a small set of molecular building blocks will allow the implementation of “universally programmable intelligent matter, ” that is, matter whose structure, properties, and behavior can be programmed, quite literally, at the molecular level. I. DEFINITIONS Intelligent matter ..."
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Abstract — We explain how a small set of molecular building blocks will allow the implementation of “universally programmable intelligent matter, ” that is, matter whose structure, properties, and behavior can be programmed, quite literally, at the molecular level. I. DEFINITIONS Intelligent matter is any material in which individual molecules or supramolecular clusters function as agents to accomplish some purpose. Intelligent matter may be solid, liquid, or gaseous, although liquids and membranes are perhaps most typical. Universally programmable intelligent matter (UPIM) is made from a small set of molecular building blocks that are universal in the sense that they can be rearranged to accomplish any purpose that can be described by a computer program. In effect, a computer program controls the behavior of the material at the molecular level. In some applications the molecules selfassemble a desired nanostructure by “computing ” the structure and then becoming inactive. In other applications the material remains active so that it can respond, at the molecular level, to its environment or to other external conditions. An extreme case is when programmable supramolecular clusters act as autonomous agents to achieve some end. Although materials may be engineered for specific purposes, we will get much greater technological leverage by designing a “universal material ” which, like a generalpurpose computer, can be “programmed ” for a wide range of applications. To accomplish this, we must identify a set of molecular primitives that can be combined for widely varying purposes. The existence of such universal molecular operations might seem highly unlikely, but there is suggestive evidence that it may be possible to discover or synthesize them. II. APPROACH Accomplishing the goals of UPIM will require the identification of a small set of molecular building blocks that is
Approximation Semantics and Expressive Predicate Assignment for ObjectOriented Programming (Extended Abstract)
"... Abstract. We consider a semantics for a classbased objectoriented calculus based upon approximation; since in the context of LC such a semantics enjoys a strong correspondence with intersection type assignment systems, we also define such a system for our calculus and show that it is sound and com ..."
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Abstract. We consider a semantics for a classbased objectoriented calculus based upon approximation; since in the context of LC such a semantics enjoys a strong correspondence with intersection type assignment systems, we also define such a system for our calculus and show that it is sound and complete. We establish the link with between type (we use the terminology predicate here) assignment and the approximation semantics by showing an approximation result, which leads to a sufficient condition for headnormalisation and termination. We show the expressivity of our predicate system by defining an encoding of Combinatory Logic (and so also LC) into our calculus. We show that this encoding preserves predicateability and also that our system characterises the normalising and strongly normalising terms for this encoding, demonstrating that the great analytic capabilities of these predicates can be applied to OO. 1
Notions of computability at higher types II
 In preparation
, 2001
"... ntroduce some simple general theory to allow us to talk about notions of highertype computable functional. The following definitions (with minor variations) appear frequently in the literature. Definition 1.1 (Weak partial type structures) A weak partial type structure, or weak PTS A [over a set X ..."
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ntroduce some simple general theory to allow us to talk about notions of highertype computable functional. The following definitions (with minor variations) appear frequently in the literature. Definition 1.1 (Weak partial type structures) A weak partial type structure, or weak PTS A [over a set X], consists of the following data: . for each type #, a set A # of elements of type # [equipped with a canonical bijection A 0 # = X], . for each #, # , a partial application function ## : A ### A # # A # . We usually omit type subscripts from application operations, and often write x y simply as xy. By convention, w
Why sets?
 PILLARS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE: ESSAYS DEDICATED TO BORIS (BOAZ) TRAKHTENBROT ON THE OCCASION OF HIS 85TH BIRTHDAY, VOLUME 4800 OF LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2008
"... Sets play a key role in foundations of mathematics. Why? To what extent is it an accident of history? Imagine that you have a chance to talk to mathematicians from a faraway planet. Would their mathematics be setbased? What are the alternatives to the settheoretic foundation of mathematics? Besi ..."
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Sets play a key role in foundations of mathematics. Why? To what extent is it an accident of history? Imagine that you have a chance to talk to mathematicians from a faraway planet. Would their mathematics be setbased? What are the alternatives to the settheoretic foundation of mathematics? Besides, set theory seems to play a significant role in computer science; is there a good justification for that? We discuss these and some related issues.
Fields in Physics are like Curried Functions or Physics for Functional Programmers
, 1994
"... Good motivating examples for teaching the utility of curried functions can be taken from Physics. The curried function perspective can also be used to help functional programmers understand fields in Physics. The correspondence between the curried function view of vector fields and the usual view ta ..."
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Good motivating examples for teaching the utility of curried functions can be taken from Physics. The curried function perspective can also be used to help functional programmers understand fields in Physics. The correspondence between the curried function view of vector fields and the usual view taken in Physics is also explained. 1 Introduction The earth and everything in it is held together by forces that can be modeled using curried functions. Yet many students think that curried functions have little to do with their everyday experience, and so have trouble grasping the concept. Typical examples, given in texts on programming languages or functional programming, are curried mapping and reduction functions on lists, which connect only with students' experience in programming. A novel 1 approach is to draw more compelling examples from Physics. Once one understands curried functions, it is easy to understand the concept of a field in Physics. Fields are similar to curried functio...
A Physical Example For Teaching Curried Functions
 Chapter 8 of Parallel and Distributed Computing Handbook (A.Y. Zomaya,Editor), McGrawHill
, 1996
"... Curried functions are an important topic in Computing courses that teach functional programming, including courses that study programming languages. Good motivating examples for teaching curried functions and their utility can be taken from Physics. BACKGROUND Curried functions and currying are an ..."
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Curried functions are an important topic in Computing courses that teach functional programming, including courses that study programming languages. Good motivating examples for teaching curried functions and their utility can be taken from Physics. BACKGROUND Curried functions and currying are an important topic in computer science courses that teach functional programming [14, section 7.3]. Such courses include undergraduate courses in programming paradigms (unit PL11 in the ACM's Computing Curricula 1991 [15]), with titles such as "Principles of Programming Languages" [11, p. 388] [10, p. 100]. Also included are undergraduate and graduate courses in programming language semantics (unit PL10 in [15]), with titles such as "Essentials of Programming Languages" [7, p.27]. Curried functions are also directly supported by some modern functional programming languages, such as Haskell [4]. Curry [2,3] and others [13] [5, pages 153156] studying the concept of a function asked the question...