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69
Capacity Limits of MIMO Channels
 IEEE J. SELECT. AREAS COMMUN
, 2003
"... We provide an overview of the extensive recent results on the Shannon capacity of singleuser and multiuser multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) channels. Although enormous capacity gains have been predicted for such channels, these predictions are based on somewhat unrealistic assumptions about t ..."
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Cited by 257 (10 self)
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We provide an overview of the extensive recent results on the Shannon capacity of singleuser and multiuser multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) channels. Although enormous capacity gains have been predicted for such channels, these predictions are based on somewhat unrealistic assumptions about the underlying timevarying channel model and how well it can be tracked at the receiver, as well as at the transmitter. More realistic assumptions can dramatically impact the potential capacity gains of MIMO techniques. For timevarying MIMO channels there are multiple Shannon theoretic capacity definitions and, for each definition, different correlation models and channel information assumptions that we consider. We first provide a comprehensive summary of ergodic and capacity versus outage results for singleuser MIMO channels. These results indicate that the capacity gain obtained from multiple antennas heavily depends
DETERMINANT MAXIMIZATION WITH LINEAR MATRIX INEQUALITY CONSTRAINTS
"... The problem of maximizing the determinant of a matrix subject to linear matrix inequalities arises in many fields, including computational geometry, statistics, system identification, experiment design, and information and communication theory. It can also be considered as a generalization of the s ..."
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Cited by 183 (18 self)
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The problem of maximizing the determinant of a matrix subject to linear matrix inequalities arises in many fields, including computational geometry, statistics, system identification, experiment design, and information and communication theory. It can also be considered as a generalization of the semidefinite programming problem. We give an overview of the applications of the determinant maximization problem, pointing out simple cases where specialized algorithms or analytical solutions are known. We then describe an interiorpoint method, with a simplified analysis of the worstcase complexity and numerical results that indicate that the method is very efficient, both in theory and in practice. Compared to existing specialized algorithms (where they are available), the interiorpoint method will generally be slower; the advantage is that it handles a much wider variety of problems.
Joint TxRx beamforming design for multicarrier MIMO channels: a unified framework for convex optimization
 IEEE TRANS. SIGNAL PROCESSING
, 2003
"... This paper addresses the joint design of transmit and receive beamforming or linear processing (commonly termed linear precoding at the transmitter and equalization at the receiver) for multicarrier multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) channels under a variety of design criteria. Instead of consid ..."
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Cited by 155 (17 self)
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This paper addresses the joint design of transmit and receive beamforming or linear processing (commonly termed linear precoding at the transmitter and equalization at the receiver) for multicarrier multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) channels under a variety of design criteria. Instead of considering each design criterion in a separate way, we generalize the existing results by developing a unified framework based on considering two families of objective functions that embrace most reasonable criteria to design a communication system: Schurconcave and Schurconvex functions. Once the optimal structure of the transmitreceive processing is known, the design problem simplifies and can be formulated within the powerful framework of convex optimization theory, in which a great number of interesting design criteria can be easily accommodated and efficiently solved, even though closedform expressions may not exist. From this perspective, we analyze a variety of design criteria, and in particular, we derive optimal beamvectors in the sense of having minimum average bit error rate (BER). Additional constraints on the peaktoaverage ratio (PAR) or on the signal dynamic range are easily included in the design. We propose two multilevel waterfilling practical solutions that perform very close to the optimal in terms of average BER with a low implementation complexity. If cooperation among the processing operating at different carriers is allowed, the performance improves significantly. Interestingly, with carrier cooperation, it turns out that the exact optimal solution in terms of average BER can be obtained in closed form.
Sum power iterative waterfilling for multiantenna Gaussian broadcast channels
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 2005
"... In this paper we consider the problem of maximizing sum rate of a multipleantenna Gaussian broadcast channel. It was recently found that dirty paper coding is capacity achieving for this channel. In order to achieve capacity, the optimal transmission policy (i.e. the optimal transmit covariance str ..."
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Cited by 103 (15 self)
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In this paper we consider the problem of maximizing sum rate of a multipleantenna Gaussian broadcast channel. It was recently found that dirty paper coding is capacity achieving for this channel. In order to achieve capacity, the optimal transmission policy (i.e. the optimal transmit covariance structure) given the channel conditions and power constraint must be found. However, obtaining the optimal transmission policy when employing dirty paper coding is a computationally complex nonconvex problem. We use duality to transform this problem into a wellstructured convex multipleaccess channel problem. We exploit the structure of this problem and derive simple and fast iterative algorithms that provide the optimum transmission policies for the multipleaccess channel, which can easily be mapped to the optimal broadcast channel policies.
Robust Solutions To Uncertain Semidefinite Programs
 SIAM J. OPTIMIZATION
, 1998
"... In this paper we consider semidefinite programs (SDPs) whose data depend on some unknown but bounded perturbation parameters. We seek "robust" solutions to such programs, that is, solutions which minimize the (worstcase) objective while satisfying the constraints for every possible value ..."
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Cited by 86 (8 self)
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In this paper we consider semidefinite programs (SDPs) whose data depend on some unknown but bounded perturbation parameters. We seek "robust" solutions to such programs, that is, solutions which minimize the (worstcase) objective while satisfying the constraints for every possible value of parameters within the given bounds. Assuming the data matrices are rational functions of the perturbation parameters, we show how to formulate sufficient conditions for a robust solution to exist as SDPs. When the perturbation is "full," our conditions are necessary and sufficient. In this case, we provide sufficient conditions which guarantee that the robust solution is unique and continuous (Hölderstable) with respect to the unperturbed problem's data. The approach can thus be used to regularize illconditioned SDPs. We illustrate our results with examples taken from linear programming, maximum norm minimization, polynomial interpolation, and integer programming.
On the duality of Gaussian multipleaccess and broadcast channels
 IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory
, 2004
"... Abstract—We define a duality between Gaussian multipleaccess channels (MACs) and Gaussian broadcast channels (BCs). The dual channels we consider have the same channel gains and the same noise power at all receivers. We show that the capacity region of the BC (both constant and fading) can be writt ..."
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Cited by 80 (13 self)
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Abstract—We define a duality between Gaussian multipleaccess channels (MACs) and Gaussian broadcast channels (BCs). The dual channels we consider have the same channel gains and the same noise power at all receivers. We show that the capacity region of the BC (both constant and fading) can be written in terms of the capacity region of the dual MAC, and vice versa. We can use this result to find the capacity region of the MAC if the capacity region of only the BC is known, and vice versa. For fading channels we show duality under ergodic capacity, but duality also holds for different capacity definitions for fading channels such as outage capacity and minimumrate capacity. Using duality, many results known for only one of the two channels can be extended to the dual channel as well. Index Terms—Broadcast channel (BC), channel capacity, duality, fading channels, multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) systems, multipleaccess channel (MAC). I.
Optimal design of a CMOS opamp via geometric programming
 IEEE Transactions on ComputerAided Design
, 2001
"... We describe a new method for determining component values and transistor dimensions for CMOS operational ampli ers (opamps). We observe that a wide variety of design objectives and constraints have a special form, i.e., they are posynomial functions of the design variables. As a result the ampli er ..."
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Cited by 66 (10 self)
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We describe a new method for determining component values and transistor dimensions for CMOS operational ampli ers (opamps). We observe that a wide variety of design objectives and constraints have a special form, i.e., they are posynomial functions of the design variables. As a result the ampli er design problem can be expressed as a special form of optimization problem called geometric programming, for which very e cient global optimization methods have been developed. As a consequence we can e ciently determine globally optimal ampli er designs, or globally optimal tradeo s among competing performance measures such aspower, openloop gain, and bandwidth. Our method therefore yields completely automated synthesis of (globally) optimal CMOS ampli ers, directly from speci cations. In this paper we apply this method to a speci c, widely used operational ampli er architecture, showing in detail how to formulate the design problem as a geometric program. We compute globally optimal tradeo curves relating performance measures such as power dissipation, unitygain bandwidth, and openloop gain. We show how the method can be used to synthesize robust designs, i.e., designs guaranteed to meet the speci cations for a
Robust Solutions To Uncertain Semidefinite Programs
, 1998
"... In this paper we consider semidenite programs (SDPs) whose data depends on some unknownbutbounded perturbation parameters. We seek "robust" solutions to such programs, that is, solutions which minimize the (worstcase) objective while satisfying the constraints for every possible values ..."
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Cited by 62 (3 self)
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In this paper we consider semidenite programs (SDPs) whose data depends on some unknownbutbounded perturbation parameters. We seek "robust" solutions to such programs, that is, solutions which minimize the (worstcase) objective while satisfying the constraints for every possible values of parameters within the given bounds. Assuming the data matrices are rational functions of the perturbation parameters, we show how to formulate sufficient conditions for a robust solution to exist, as SDPs. When the perturbation is "full", our conditions are necessary and sufficient. In this case, we provide sufficient conditions which guarantee that the robust solution is unique, and continuous (Hölderstable) with respect to the unperturbed problems' data. The approach can thus be used to regularize illconditioned SDPs. We illustrate our results with examples taken from linear programming, maximum norm minimization, polynomial interpolation and integer programming.
Linear precoding via conic optimization for fixed mimo receivers
 IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing
, 2006
"... We consider the problem of designing linear precoders for fixed multiple input multiple output (MIMO) receivers. Two different design criteria are considered. In the first, we minimize the transmitted power subject to signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) constraints. In the second, we maxi ..."
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Cited by 58 (2 self)
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We consider the problem of designing linear precoders for fixed multiple input multiple output (MIMO) receivers. Two different design criteria are considered. In the first, we minimize the transmitted power subject to signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) constraints. In the second, we maximize the worst case SINR subject to a power constraint. We show that both problems can be solved using standard conic optimization packages. In addition, we develop conditions for the optimal precoder for both of these problems, and propose two simple fixed point iterations to find the solutions which satisfy these conditions. The relation to the well known downlink uplink duality in the context of joint downlink beamforming and power control is also explored. Our precoder design is general, and as a special case it solves the beamforming problem. In contrast to most of the existing precoders, it is not limited to full rank systems. Simulation results in a multiuser system show that the resulting precoders can significantly outperform existing linear precoders. 1
Uniform Power Allocation in MIMO Channels: a GameTheoretic Approach
 IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory
, 2003
"... This publication has been included here just to facilitate downloads to those people asking for personal use copies. This material may be published at copyrighted journals or conference proceedings, so personal use of the download is required. In particular, publications from IEEE have to be downloa ..."
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Cited by 45 (4 self)
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This publication has been included here just to facilitate downloads to those people asking for personal use copies. This material may be published at copyrighted journals or conference proceedings, so personal use of the download is required. In particular, publications from IEEE have to be downloaded according to the following IEEE note: c○2007 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.