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78
A combinatorial characterization of the testable graph properties: it’s all about regularity
 Proc. of STOC 2006
, 2006
"... A common thread in all the recent results concerning testing dense graphs is the use of Szemerédi’s regularity lemma. In this paper we show that in some sense this is not a coincidence. Our first result is that the property defined by having any given Szemerédipartition is testable with a constant ..."
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Cited by 68 (16 self)
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A common thread in all the recent results concerning testing dense graphs is the use of Szemerédi’s regularity lemma. In this paper we show that in some sense this is not a coincidence. Our first result is that the property defined by having any given Szemerédipartition is testable with a constant number of queries. Our second and main result is a purely combinatorial characterization of the graph properties that are testable with a constant number of queries. This characterization (roughly) says that a graph property P can be tested with a constant number of queries if and only if testing P can be reduced to testing the property of satisfying one of finitely many Szemerédipartitions. This means that in some sense, testing for Szemerédipartitions is as hard as testing any testable graph property. We thus resolve one of the main open problems in the area of propertytesting, which was first raised in the 1996 paper of Goldreich, Goldwasser and Ron [24] that initiated the study of graph propertytesting. This characterization also gives an intuitive explanation as to what makes a graph property testable.
Every monotone graph property is testable
 Proc. of STOC 2005
, 2005
"... A graph property is called monotone if it is closed under removal of edges and vertices. Many monotone graph properties are some of the most wellstudied properties in graph theory, and the abstract family of all monotone graph properties was also extensively studied. Our main result in this paper i ..."
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Cited by 45 (11 self)
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A graph property is called monotone if it is closed under removal of edges and vertices. Many monotone graph properties are some of the most wellstudied properties in graph theory, and the abstract family of all monotone graph properties was also extensively studied. Our main result in this paper is that any monotone graph property can be tested with onesided error, and with query complexity depending only on ɛ. This result unifies several previous results in the area of property testing, and also implies the testability of wellstudied graph properties that were previously not known to be testable. At the heart of the proof is an application of a variant of Szemerédi’s Regularity Lemma. The main ideas behind this application may be useful in characterizing all testable graph properties, and in generally studying graph property testing. As a byproduct of our techniques we also obtain additional results in graph theory and property testing, which are of independent interest. One of these results is that the query complexity of testing testable graph properties with onesided error may be arbitrarily large. Another result, which significantly extends previous results in extremal graphtheory, is that for any monotone graph property P, any graph that is ɛfar from satisfying P, contains a subgraph of size depending on ɛ only, which does not satisfy P. Finally, we prove the following compactness statement: If a graph G is ɛfar from satisfying a (possibly infinite) set of monotone graph properties P, then it is at least δP(ɛ)far from satisfying one of the properties.
Graph limits and parameter testing
"... We define a distance of two graphs that reflects the closeness of both local and global properties. We also define convergence of a sequence of graphs, and show that a graph sequence is convergent if and only if it is Cauchy in this distance. Every convergent graph sequence has a limit in the form ..."
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Cited by 40 (1 self)
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We define a distance of two graphs that reflects the closeness of both local and global properties. We also define convergence of a sequence of graphs, and show that a graph sequence is convergent if and only if it is Cauchy in this distance. Every convergent graph sequence has a limit in the form of a symmetric measurable function in two variables. We use these notions of distance and graph limits to give a general theory for parameter testing. As examples, we provide short proofs of the testability of MaxCut and the recent result of Alon and Shapira about the testability of hereditary graph properties.
Testing versus estimation of graph properties
 Proc. of STOC 2005
, 2005
"... In the course of the proof we develop a framework for extending Szemer'edi's Regularity Lemma, both as a prerequisite for formulating what kind of information about the input graph will provide us with the correct estimation, and as the means for efficiently gathering this information. In particular ..."
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Cited by 28 (7 self)
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In the course of the proof we develop a framework for extending Szemer'edi's Regularity Lemma, both as a prerequisite for formulating what kind of information about the input graph will provide us with the correct estimation, and as the means for efficiently gathering this information. In particular, we construct a probabilistic algorithm that finds the parameters of a regular partition of an input graph using a constant number of queries, and an algorithm to find a regular partition of a graph using a TC0 circuit. This, in some ways, strengthens the results of [1].
Algorithmic and Analysis Techniques in Property Testing
"... Property testing algorithms are “ultra”efficient algorithms that decide whether a given object (e.g., a graph) has a certain property (e.g., bipartiteness), or is significantly different from any object that has the property. To this end property testing algorithms are given the ability to perform ..."
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Cited by 27 (4 self)
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Property testing algorithms are “ultra”efficient algorithms that decide whether a given object (e.g., a graph) has a certain property (e.g., bipartiteness), or is significantly different from any object that has the property. To this end property testing algorithms are given the ability to perform (local) queries to the input, though the decision they need to make usually concern properties with a global nature. In the last two decades, property testing algorithms have been designed for many types of objects and properties, amongst them, graph properties, algebraic properties, geometric properties, and more. In this article we survey results in property testing, where our emphasis is on common analysis and algorithmic techniques. Among the techniques surveyed are the following: • The selfcorrecting approach, which was mainly applied in the study of property testing of algebraic properties; • The enforce and test approach, which was applied quite extensively in the analysis of algorithms for testing graph properties (in the densegraphs model), as well as in other contexts;
Every minorclosed property of sparse graphs is testable
, 2007
"... Suppose G is a graph of bounded degree d, and one needs to remove ɛn of its edges in order to make it planar. We show that in this case the statistics of local neighborhoods around vertices of G is far from the statistics of local neighborhoods around vertices of any planar graph G ′. In fact, a sim ..."
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Cited by 25 (3 self)
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Suppose G is a graph of bounded degree d, and one needs to remove ɛn of its edges in order to make it planar. We show that in this case the statistics of local neighborhoods around vertices of G is far from the statistics of local neighborhoods around vertices of any planar graph G ′. In fact, a similar result is proved for any minorclosed property of bounded degree graphs. As an immediate corollary of the above result we infer that many well studied graph properties, like being planar, outerplanar, seriesparallel, bounded genus, bounded treewidth and several others, are testable with a constant number of queries. None of these properties was previously known to be testable even with o(n) queries. 1
Sublinear time algorithms
 SIGACT News
, 2003
"... Abstract Sublinear time algorithms represent a new paradigm in computing, where an algorithmmust give some sort of an answer after inspecting only a very small portion of the input. We discuss the sorts of answers that one might be able to achieve in this new setting. 1 Introduction The goal of algo ..."
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Cited by 25 (3 self)
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Abstract Sublinear time algorithms represent a new paradigm in computing, where an algorithmmust give some sort of an answer after inspecting only a very small portion of the input. We discuss the sorts of answers that one might be able to achieve in this new setting. 1 Introduction The goal of algorithmic research is to design efficient algorithms, where efficiency is typicallymeasured as a function of the length of the input. For instance, the elementary school algorithm for multiplying two n digit integers takes roughly n2 steps, while more sophisticated algorithmshave been devised which run in less than n log2 n steps. It is still not known whether a linear time algorithm is achievable for integer multiplication. Obviously any algorithm for this task, as for anyother nontrivial task, would need to take at least linear time in n, since this is what it would take to read the entire input and write the output. Thus, showing the existence of a linear time algorithmfor a problem was traditionally considered to be the gold standard of achievement. Nevertheless, due to the recent tremendous increase in computational power that is inundatingus with a multitude of data, we are now encountering a paradigm shift from traditional computational models. The scale of these data sets, coupled with the typical situation in which there is verylittle time to perform our computations, raises the issue of whether there is time to consider any more than a miniscule fraction of the data in our computations? Analogous to the reasoning thatwe used for multiplication, for most natural problems, an algorithm which runs in sublinear time must necessarily use randomization and must give an answer which is in some sense imprecise.Nevertheless, there are many situations in which a fast approximate solution is more useful than a slower exact solution.
Property Testing: A Learning Theory Perspective
"... Property testing deals with tasks where the goal is to distinguish between the case that an object (e.g., function or graph) has a prespecified property (e.g., the function is linear or the graph is bipartite) and the case that it differs significantly from any such object. The task should be perfor ..."
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Cited by 25 (5 self)
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Property testing deals with tasks where the goal is to distinguish between the case that an object (e.g., function or graph) has a prespecified property (e.g., the function is linear or the graph is bipartite) and the case that it differs significantly from any such object. The task should be performed by observing only a very small part of the object, in particular by querying the object, and the algorithm is allowed a small failure probability. One view of property testing is as a relaxation of learning the object (obtaining an approximate representation of the object). Thus property testing algorithms can serve as a preliminary step to learning. That is, they can be applied in order to select, very efficiently, what hypothesis class to use for learning. This survey takes the learningtheory point of view and focuses on results for testing properties of functions that are of interest to the learning theory community. In particular, we cover results for testing algebraic properties of functions such as linearity, testing properties defined by concise representations, such as having a small DNF representation, and more. 1