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46
Succinct Quantum Proofs for Properties of Finite Groups
 In Proc. IEEE FOCS
, 2000
"... In this paper we consider a quantum computational variant of nondeterminism based on the notion of a quantum proof, which is a quantum state that plays a role similar to a certificate in an NPtype proof. Specifically, we consider quantum proofs for properties of blackbox groups, which are finite g ..."
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Cited by 86 (3 self)
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In this paper we consider a quantum computational variant of nondeterminism based on the notion of a quantum proof, which is a quantum state that plays a role similar to a certificate in an NPtype proof. Specifically, we consider quantum proofs for properties of blackbox groups, which are finite groups whose elements are encoded as strings of a given length and whose group operations are performed by a group oracle. We prove that for an arbitrary group oracle there exist succinct (polynomiallength) quantum proofs for the Group NonMembership problem that can be checked with small error in polynomial time on a quantum computer. Classically this is impossibleit is proved that there exists a group oracle relative to which this problem does not have succinct proofs that can be checked classically with bounded error in polynomial time (i.e., the problem is not in MA relative to the group oracle constructed). By considering a certain subproblem of the Group NonMembership problem we obtain a simple proof that there exists an oracle relative to which BQP is not contained in MA. Finally, we show that quantum proofs for nonmembership and classical proofs for various other group properties can be combined to yield succinct quantum proofs for other group properties not having succinct proofs in the classical setting, such as verifying that a number divides the order of a group and verifying that a group is not a simple group.
Quantum algorithms for solvable groups
 In Proceedings of the 33rd ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
, 2001
"... ABSTRACT In this paper we give a polynomialtime quantum algorithm for computing orders of solvable groups. Several other problems, such as testing membership in solvable groups, testing equality of subgroups in a given solvable group, and testing normality of a subgroup in a given solvable group, r ..."
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Cited by 45 (1 self)
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ABSTRACT In this paper we give a polynomialtime quantum algorithm for computing orders of solvable groups. Several other problems, such as testing membership in solvable groups, testing equality of subgroups in a given solvable group, and testing normality of a subgroup in a given solvable group, reduce to computing orders of solvable groups and therefore admit polynomialtime quantum algorithms as well. Our algorithm works in the setting of blackbox groups, wherein none of these problems have polynomialtime classical algorithms. As an important byproduct, our algorithm is able to produce a pure quantum state that is uniform over the elements in any chosen subgroup of a solvable group, which yields a natural way to apply existing quantum algorithms to factor groups of solvable groups. 1.
Measuring Sets in Infinite Groups
, 2002
"... We are now witnessing a rapid growth of a new part of group theory which has become known as "statistical group theory". A typical result in this area would say something like "a random element (or a tuple of elements) of a group G has a property P with probability p". The validi ..."
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Cited by 22 (6 self)
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We are now witnessing a rapid growth of a new part of group theory which has become known as "statistical group theory". A typical result in this area would say something like "a random element (or a tuple of elements) of a group G has a property P with probability p". The validity of a statement like that does, of course, heavily depend on how one defines probability on groups, or, equivalently, how one measures sets in a group (in particular, in a free group). We hope that new approaches to defining probabilities on groups as outlined in this paper create, among other things, an appropriate framework for the study of the "average case" complexity of algorithms on groups.
Blackbox recognition of finite simple groups of Lie type by statistics of element orders
 JOURNAL OF GROUP THEORY
, 2002
"... Given a blackbox group G isomorphic to some finite simple group of Lie type and the characteristic of G, we compute the standard name of G by a Monte Carlo algorithm. The running time is polynomial in the input length and in the time requirement for the group operations in G. The algorithm chooses ..."
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Cited by 17 (6 self)
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Given a blackbox group G isomorphic to some finite simple group of Lie type and the characteristic of G, we compute the standard name of G by a Monte Carlo algorithm. The running time is polynomial in the input length and in the time requirement for the group operations in G. The algorithm chooses a relatively small number...
Prime power graphs for groups of Lie type
 JOURNAL OF ALGEBRA
, 2002
"... We associate a weighted graph (G) to each nite simple group G of Lie type. We show that, with an explicit list of exceptions, (G) determines G up to isomorphism, and for these exceptions, (G) nevertheless determines the characteristic of G. This result was motivated by algorithmic considerations. ..."
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Cited by 15 (6 self)
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We associate a weighted graph (G) to each nite simple group G of Lie type. We show that, with an explicit list of exceptions, (G) determines G up to isomorphism, and for these exceptions, (G) nevertheless determines the characteristic of G. This result was motivated by algorithmic considerations. We prove that for any nite simple group G of Lie type, input as a black box group with an oracle to compute the orders of group elements, (G) and the characteristic of G can be computed by a Monte Carlo algorithm in time polynomial in the input length. The characteristic is needed as part of the input in a previous constructive recognition algorithm for G.
Recognizing simplicity of blackbox groups and the frequency of psingular elements in affine groups
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Code equivalence and group isomorphism
, 2011
"... The isomorphism problem for groups given by their multiplication tables has long been known to be solvable in time nlog n+O(1). The decadesold quest for a polynomialtime algorithm has focused on the very difficult case of class2 nilpotent groups (groups whose quotient by their center is abelian), ..."
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Cited by 14 (3 self)
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The isomorphism problem for groups given by their multiplication tables has long been known to be solvable in time nlog n+O(1). The decadesold quest for a polynomialtime algorithm has focused on the very difficult case of class2 nilpotent groups (groups whose quotient by their center is abelian), with little success. In this paper we consider the opposite end of the spectrum and initiate a more hopeful program to find a polynomialtime algorithm for semisimple groups, defined as groups without abelian normal subgroups. First we prove that the isomorphism problem for this class can be solved in time nO(log log n). We then identify certain bottlenecks to polynomialtime solvability and give a polynomialtime solution to a rich subclass, namely the semisimple groups where each minimal normal subgroup has a bounded number of simple factors. We relate the results to the filtration of groups introduced by Babai and Beals (1999). One of our tools is an algorithm for equivalence of (not necessarily linear) codes in simplyexponential time in the length of the code, obtained by modifying Luks’s algorithm for hypergraph isomorphism in simplyexponential time in the number of vertices (FOCS 1999). We comment on the complexity of the closely related problem of permutational isomorphism of permutation groups.
Order computations in generic groups
 PHD THESIS MIT, SUBMITTED JUNE 2007. RESOURCES
, 2007
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