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From coinductive proofs to exact real arithmetic
"... Abstract. We give a coinductive characterisation of the set of continuous functions defined on a compact real interval, and extract certified programs that construct and combine exact real number algorithms with respect to the binary signed digit representation of real numbers. The data type corresp ..."
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Cited by 8 (6 self)
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Abstract. We give a coinductive characterisation of the set of continuous functions defined on a compact real interval, and extract certified programs that construct and combine exact real number algorithms with respect to the binary signed digit representation of real numbers. The data type corresponding to the coinductive definition of continuous functions consists of finitely branching nonwellfounded trees describing when the algorithm writes and reads digits. This is a pilot study in using prooftheoretic methods for obtaining certified algorithms in exact real arithmetic. 1
Coinduction for Exact Real Number Computation
, 2007
"... This paper studies coinductive representations of real numbers by signed digit streams and fast Cauchy sequences. It is shown how the associated coinductive principle can be used to give straightforward and easily implementable proofs of the equivalence of the two representations as well as the corr ..."
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Cited by 5 (4 self)
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This paper studies coinductive representations of real numbers by signed digit streams and fast Cauchy sequences. It is shown how the associated coinductive principle can be used to give straightforward and easily implementable proofs of the equivalence of the two representations as well as the correctness of various corecursive exact real number algorithms. The basic framework is the classical theory of coinductive sets as greatest fixed points of monotone operators and hence is different from (though related to) the type theoretic approach by Ciaffaglione and Gianantonio. Key words: Exact real number computation, coinduction, corecursion, signed digit streams. 1
Proofs, programs, processes
"... Abstract. We study a realisability interpretation for inductive and coinductive definitions and discuss its application to program extraction from proofs. A speciality of this interpretation is that realisers are given by terms that correspond directly to programs in a lazy functional programming la ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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Abstract. We study a realisability interpretation for inductive and coinductive definitions and discuss its application to program extraction from proofs. A speciality of this interpretation is that realisers are given by terms that correspond directly to programs in a lazy functional programming language such as Haskell. Programs extracted from proofs using coinduction can be understood as perpetual processes producing infinite streams of data. Typical applications of such processes are computations in exact real arithmetic. As an example we show how to extract a program computing the average of two real numbers w.r.t. to the binary signed digit representation. 1
Certified exact real arithmetic using coinduction in arbitrary integer base
 in "Functional and Logic Programming Symposium (FLOPS)", Lecture Notes in Computer Science
"... arbitrary integer base ..."
Realisability and adequacy for (co)induction
"... Abstract. We prove the correctness of a formalised realisability interpretation of extensions of firstorder theories by inductive and coinductive definitions in an untyped λcalculus with fixedpoints. We illustrate the use of this interpretation for program extraction by some simple examples in th ..."
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Cited by 1 (1 self)
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Abstract. We prove the correctness of a formalised realisability interpretation of extensions of firstorder theories by inductive and coinductive definitions in an untyped λcalculus with fixedpoints. We illustrate the use of this interpretation for program extraction by some simple examples in the area of exact real number computation, and hint at further nontrivial applications in computable analysis. 1
Deconstruction of Infinite Extensive Games using Coinduction
, 2009
"... Abstract. Finite objects and more specifically finite games are formalized using induction, whereas infinite objects are formalized using coinduction. In this article, after an introduction to the concept of coinduction, we revisit on infinite (discrete) extensive games the basic notions of game the ..."
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Abstract. Finite objects and more specifically finite games are formalized using induction, whereas infinite objects are formalized using coinduction. In this article, after an introduction to the concept of coinduction, we revisit on infinite (discrete) extensive games the basic notions of game theory. Among others, we introduce a definition of Nash equilibrium and a notion of subgame perfect equilibrium for infinite games. We use those concepts to analyze well known infinite games, like the dollar auction game and the centipede game and we show that human behaviors that are often considered as illogic are perfectly rational, if one admits that human agents reason coinductively. 1
DOI 10.1007/s0022401193258 Proofs, Programs, Processes
, 2011
"... Abstract The objective of this paper is to provide a theoretical foundation for program extraction from inductive and coinductive proofs geared to practical applications. The novelties consist in the addition of inductive and coinductive definitions to a realizability interpretation for firstorder ..."
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Abstract The objective of this paper is to provide a theoretical foundation for program extraction from inductive and coinductive proofs geared to practical applications. The novelties consist in the addition of inductive and coinductive definitions to a realizability interpretation for firstorder proofs, a soundness proof for this system, and applications to the synthesis of nontrivial provably correct programs in the area of exact real number computation. We show that realizers, although per se untyped, can be assigned polymorphic recursive types and hence represent valid programs in a lazy functional programming language such as Haskell. Programs extracted from proofs using coinduction can be understood as perpetual processes producing infinite streams of data. Typical applications of such processes are computations in exact real arithmetic. As an example we show how to extract a program computing the average of two real numbers w.r.t. the binary signed digit representation.
Author manuscript, published in "none (2012) 23" On the Rationality of Escalation
, 2010
"... Escalation is a typical feature of infinite games. Therefore tools conceived for studying infinite mathematical structures, namely those deriving from coinduction are essential. Here we use coinduction, or backward coinduction (to show its connection with the same concept for finite games) to study ..."
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Escalation is a typical feature of infinite games. Therefore tools conceived for studying infinite mathematical structures, namely those deriving from coinduction are essential. Here we use coinduction, or backward coinduction (to show its connection with the same concept for finite games) to study carefully and formally the infinite games especially those called dollar auctions, which are considered as the paradigm of escalation. Unlike what is commonly admitted, we show that, provided one assumes that the other agent will always stop, bidding is rational, because it results in a subgame perfect equilibrium. We show that this is not the only rational strategy profile (the only subgame perfect equilibrium). Indeed if an agent stops and will stop at every step, we claim that he is rational as well, if one admits that his opponent will never stop, because this corresponds to a subgame perfect equilibrium. Amazingly, in the infinite dollar auction game, the behavior in which both agents stop at each step is not a Nash equilibrium, hence is not a subgame perfect equilibrium, hence is not rational. The right notion of rationality we obtain fits with common sense and experience and remove all feeling of paradox.