Results 11  20
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73
Linear time construction of redundant trees for recovery schemes enhancing qop and qos
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF IEEE INFOCOM
, 2005
"... ... elegant recovery scheme (known as the MFBG scheme) using redundant trees. Xue, Chen and Thulasiraman extended the MFBG scheme and introduced the concept of quality of protection (QoP) as a metric of multifailure recovery capabilities for single failure recovery schemes. In this paper, we present ..."
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... elegant recovery scheme (known as the MFBG scheme) using redundant trees. Xue, Chen and Thulasiraman extended the MFBG scheme and introduced the concept of quality of protection (QoP) as a metric of multifailure recovery capabilities for single failure recovery schemes. In this paper, we present three linear time algorithms for constructing redundant trees for single link failure recovery in 2edge connected graphs and for single node failure recovery in 2connected graphs. Our first algorithm aims at high QoP for single link recovery schemes in 2edge connected graphs. The previous best algorithm has a running time of O(n 2 (m + n)), wherenand m are the number of nodes and links in the network. Our algorithm has a running time of O(m + n), with comparable performance. Our second algorithm aims at high QoS for single link recovery schemes in 2edge connected graphs. Our algorithm improves the previous best algorithm with O(n 2 (m + n)) time complexity to O(m + n) time complexity with comparable performance. Our third algorithm aims at high QoS for single node recovery schemes in 2connected graphs. Again, our algorithm improves the previous best algorithm with O(n 2 (m + n)) time complexity to O(m + n) time complexity with comparable performance. Simulation results show that our new algorithms outperform previously known linear time algorithms significantly in terms of QoP or QoS, and outperform other known algorithms in terms of running time, with comparable QoP of QoS performance.
New Approaches to Routing for LargeScale Data Networks
, 1999
"... This thesis develops new routing methods for largescale, packetswitched data networks such as the Internet. The methods developed increase network performance by considering routing approaches that take advantage of more available network resources than do current methods. Two approaches are explo ..."
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This thesis develops new routing methods for largescale, packetswitched data networks such as the Internet. The methods developed increase network performance by considering routing approaches that take advantage of more available network resources than do current methods. Two approaches are explored: dynamic metric and multipath routing. Dynamic metric routing provides paths that change dynamically in response to network traffic and congestion, thereby increasing network performance because data travel less congested paths. The second approach, multipath routing, provides multiple paths between nodes and allows nodes to use these paths to best increase their network performance. Nodes in this environment achieve increased performance through aggregating the resources of multiple paths. This thesis implements and analyzes algorithms for these two routing approaches. The first approach develops hybridScout, a dynamic metric routing algorithm that calculates independent and selective dynamic metric paths. These two calculation properties are key to reducing routing costs and avoiding routing instabilities, two difficulties commonly experienced
Finding Four Independent Trees
"... Motivated by a multitree approach to the design of reliable communication protocols, Itai and Rodeh gave a linear time algorithm for finding two independent spanning trees in a 2connected graph. Cheriyan and Maheshwari gave an O(V  2) algorithm for finding three independent spanning trees in a 3 ..."
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Motivated by a multitree approach to the design of reliable communication protocols, Itai and Rodeh gave a linear time algorithm for finding two independent spanning trees in a 2connected graph. Cheriyan and Maheshwari gave an O(V  2) algorithm for finding three independent spanning trees in a 3connected graph. In this paper we present an O(V  3) algorithm for finding four independent spanning trees in a 4connected graph. We make use of chain decompositions of 4connected graphs. ∗ Partially supported by NSF VIGRE grant † Supported by CNPq (Proc: 200611/003) – Brazil ‡ Partially supported by NSF grant DMS0245530 and NSA grant MDA9040310052
Random Sampling and Greedy Sparsification for Matroid Optimization Problems.
 Mathematical Programming
, 1998
"... Random sampling is a powerful tool for gathering information about a group by considering only a small part of it. We discuss some broadly applicable paradigms for using random sampling in combinatorial optimization, and demonstrate the effectiveness of these paradigms for two optimization problems ..."
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Cited by 9 (2 self)
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Random sampling is a powerful tool for gathering information about a group by considering only a small part of it. We discuss some broadly applicable paradigms for using random sampling in combinatorial optimization, and demonstrate the effectiveness of these paradigms for two optimization problems on matroids: finding an optimum matroid basis and packing disjoint matroid bases. Applications of these ideas to the graphic matroid led to fast algorithms for minimum spanning trees and minimum cuts. An optimum matroid basis is typically found by a greedy algorithm that grows an independent set into an the optimum basis one element at a time. This continuous change in the independent set can make it hard to perform the independence tests needed by the greedy algorithm. We simplify matters by using sampling to reduce the problem of finding an optimum matroid basis to the problem of verifying that a given fixed basis is optimum, showing that the two problems can be solved in roughly the same ...
Computing all the best swap edges distributively
 PROC. 8TH INT. CONFERENCE ON PRINCIPLES OF DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS (OPODIS’04), LNCS 3544
, 2004
"... Recently great attention has been given to pointoffailure swap rerouting, an efficient technique for routing in presence of transient failures. According to this technique, a message follows the normal routing table information unless the next hop has failed; in this case, it is redirected towards ..."
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Recently great attention has been given to pointoffailure swap rerouting, an efficient technique for routing in presence of transient failures. According to this technique, a message follows the normal routing table information unless the next hop has failed; in this case, it is redirected towards a precomputed link, called swap; once this link has been crossed, normal routing is resumed. The amount of precomputed information required in addition to the routing table is rather small: a single link per each destination. Several efficient serial algorithms have been presented to compute this information; none of them can unfortunately be efficiently implemented in a distributed environment. In this paper we present protocols, based on a new strategy, that allow the efficient computation of all the optimal swap edges under several optimization criteria.
Fully Dynamic Planarity Testing with Applications
"... The fully dynamic planarity testing problem consists of performing an arbitrary sequence of the following three kinds of operations on a planar graph G: (i) insert an edge if the resultant graph remains planar; (ii) delete an edge; and (iii) test whether an edge could be added to the graph without ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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The fully dynamic planarity testing problem consists of performing an arbitrary sequence of the following three kinds of operations on a planar graph G: (i) insert an edge if the resultant graph remains planar; (ii) delete an edge; and (iii) test whether an edge could be added to the graph without violating planarity. We show how to support each of the above operations in O(n2=3) time, where n is the number of vertices in the graph. The bound for tests and deletions is worstcase, while the bound for insertions is amortized. This is the first algorithm for this problem with sublinear running time, and it affirmatively answers a question posed in [11]. The same data structure has further applications in maintaining the biconnected and triconnected components of a dynamic planar graph. The time bounds are the same: O(n2=3) worstcase time per edge deletion, O(n2=3) amortized time per edge insertion, and O(n2=3) worstcase time to check whether two vertices are either biconnected or triconnected.
Independent Spanning Trees With Small Depths in Iterated Line Digraphs
, 1997
"... . We show that the independent spanning tree conjecture on digraphs is true if we restrict ourselves to line digraphs. Also, we construct independent spanning trees with small depths in iterated line digraphs. From the results, we can obtain independent spanning trees with small depths in de Bruijn ..."
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Cited by 7 (1 self)
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. We show that the independent spanning tree conjecture on digraphs is true if we restrict ourselves to line digraphs. Also, we construct independent spanning trees with small depths in iterated line digraphs. From the results, we can obtain independent spanning trees with small depths in de Bruijn and Kautz digraphs that improve the previously known upper bounds on the depths. Keywords. independent spanning trees, line digraphs, vertexconnectivity, de Bruijn digraphs, Kautz digraphs, interconnection networks, broadcasting. 1 Introduction Unless stated otherwise each digraph of this paper is nite and may have loops but not multiarcs. Let G be a digraph. Then V (G) and A(G) denote the vertex set and the arc set of G, respectively. Let (u; v) 2 A(G). Then we say that u is adjacent to v, and v is adjacent from u. Also, it is said that (u; v) is incident to v and incident from u. Let (v; w) 2 A(G). Then we say that (u; v) is adjacent to (v; w), and (v; w) is adjacent from (u; v). Let ...
Directional Routing via Generals stNumberings
 SIAM JOURNAL ON DISCRETE MATHEMATICS
, 2000
"... We present a mathematical model for network routing based on generating paths in a consistent direction. Our development is based on an algebraic and geometric framework for defining a directional coordinate system for real vector spaces. Our model, which generalizes graph stnumberings, is based on ..."
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Cited by 6 (1 self)
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We present a mathematical model for network routing based on generating paths in a consistent direction. Our development is based on an algebraic and geometric framework for defining a directional coordinate system for real vector spaces. Our model, which generalizes graph stnumberings, is based on mapping the nodes of a network to points in multidimensional space and ensures that the paths generated in di#erent directions from the same source are nodedisjoint. Such directional embeddings encode the global disjoint path structure with very simple local information. We prove that all 3connected graphs have 3directional embeddings in the plane so that each node outside a set of extreme nodes has a neighbor in each of the three directional regions defined in the plane. We conjecture that the result generalizes to kconnected graphs. We also showthat a directed acyclic graph (dag) that is kconnected to a set of sinks has a kdirectional embedding in (k  1)space with the sink set as the extreme nodes.
Optimal Independent Spanning Trees on Hypercubes
, 2004
"... Two spanning trees rooted at some vertex r in a graph G are said to be independent if for each vertex v of G, v ≠ r, the paths from r to v in two trees are vertexdisjoint. A set of spanning trees of G is said to be independent if they are pairwise independent. A set of independent spanning trees is ..."
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Two spanning trees rooted at some vertex r in a graph G are said to be independent if for each vertex v of G, v ≠ r, the paths from r to v in two trees are vertexdisjoint. A set of spanning trees of G is said to be independent if they are pairwise independent. A set of independent spanning trees is optimal if the average path length of the trees is the minimum. Any kdimensional hypercube has k independent spanning trees rooted at an arbitrary vertex. In this paper, an O(kn) time algorithm is proposed to construct k optimal independent spanning trees on a kdimensional hypercube, where n = 2 k is the number of vertices in a hypercube.