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118
The impact of imperfect scheduling on crosslayer congestion control in wireless networks
, 2005
"... In this paper, we study crosslayer design for congestion control in multihop wireless networks. In previous work, we have developed an optimal crosslayer congestion control scheme that jointly computes both the rate allocation and the stabilizing schedule that controls the resources at the under ..."
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Cited by 247 (22 self)
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In this paper, we study crosslayer design for congestion control in multihop wireless networks. In previous work, we have developed an optimal crosslayer congestion control scheme that jointly computes both the rate allocation and the stabilizing schedule that controls the resources at the underlying layers. However, the scheduling component in this optimal crosslayer congestion control scheme has to solve a complex global optimization problem at each time, and is hence too computationally expensive for online implementation. In this paper, we study how the performance of crosslayer congestion control will be impacted if the network can only use an imperfect (and potentially distributed) scheduling component that is easier to implement. We study both the case when the number of users in the system is fixed and the case with dynamic arrivals and departures of the users, and we establish performance bounds of crosslayer congestion control with imperfect scheduling. Compared with a layered approach that does not design congestion control and scheduling together, our crosslayer approach has provably better performance bounds, and substantially outperforms the layered approach. The insights drawn from our analyses also enable us to design a fully distributed crosslayer congestion control and scheduling algorithm for a restrictive interference model.
A tutorial on crosslayer optimization in wireless networks
 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS
, 2006
"... This tutorial paper overviews recent developments in optimization based approaches for resource allocation problems in wireless systems. We begin by overviewing important results in the area of opportunistic (channelaware) scheduling for cellular (singlehop) networks, where easily implementable my ..."
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Cited by 142 (14 self)
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This tutorial paper overviews recent developments in optimization based approaches for resource allocation problems in wireless systems. We begin by overviewing important results in the area of opportunistic (channelaware) scheduling for cellular (singlehop) networks, where easily implementable myopic policies are shown to optimize system performance. We then describe key lessons learned and the main obstacles in extending the work to general resource allocation problems for multihop wireless networks. Towards this end, we show that a cleanslate optimization based approach to the multihop resource allocation problem naturally results in a “loosely coupled” crosslayer solution. That is, the algorithms obtained map to different layers (transport, network, and MAC/PHY) of the protocol stack are coupled through a limited amount of information being passed back and forth. It turns out that the optimal scheduling component at the MAC layer is very complex and thus needs simpler (potentially imperfect) distributed solutions. We demonstrate how to use imperfect scheduling in the crosslayer framework and describe recently developed distributed algorithms along these lines. We conclude by describing a set of open research problems.
Mitigating congestion in wireless sensor networks
 in SenSys
, 2004
"... Network congestion occurs when offered traffic load exceeds available capacity at any point in a network. In wireless sensor networks, congestion causes overall channel quality to degrade and loss rates to rise, leads to buffer drops and increased delays (as in wired networks), and tends to be gross ..."
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Cited by 132 (3 self)
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Network congestion occurs when offered traffic load exceeds available capacity at any point in a network. In wireless sensor networks, congestion causes overall channel quality to degrade and loss rates to rise, leads to buffer drops and increased delays (as in wired networks), and tends to be grossly unfair toward nodes whose data has to traverse a larger number of radio hops. Congestion control in wired networks is usually done using endtoend and networklayer mechanisms acting in concert. However, this approach does not solve the problem in wireless networks because concurrent radio transmissions on different “links ” interact with and affect each other, and because radio channel quality shows high variability over multiple timescales. We examine three techniques that span different layers of the traditional protocol stack: hopbyhop flow control, rate limiting source traffic when transit traffic is present, and a prioritized medium access control (MAC) protocol. We implement these techniques and present experimental results from a 55node inbuilding wireless sensor network. We demonstrate that the combination of these techniques, Fusion, can improve network efficiency by a factor of three under realistic workloads.
Crosslayer congestion control, routing and scheduling design in ad hoc wireless networks
 Proc. IEEE Infocom
, 2006
"... Abstract — This paper considers jointly optimal design of crosslayer congestion control, routing and scheduling for ad hoc wireless networks. We first formulate the rate constraint and scheduling constraint using multicommodity flow variables, and formulate resource allocation in networks with fixed ..."
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Cited by 107 (10 self)
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Abstract — This paper considers jointly optimal design of crosslayer congestion control, routing and scheduling for ad hoc wireless networks. We first formulate the rate constraint and scheduling constraint using multicommodity flow variables, and formulate resource allocation in networks with fixed wireless channels (or singlerate wireless devices that can mask channel variations) as a utility maximization problem with these constraints. By dual decomposition, the resource allocation problem naturally decomposes into three subproblems: congestion control, routing and scheduling that interact through congestion price. The global convergence property of this algorithm is proved. We next extend the dual algorithm to handle networks with timevarying channels and adaptive multirate devices. The stability of the resulting system is established, and its performance is characterized with respect to an ideal reference system which has the best feasible rate region at link layer. We then generalize the aforementioned results to a general model of queueing network served by a set of interdependent parallel servers with timevarying service capabilities, which models many design problems in communication networks. We show that for a general convex optimization problem where a subset of variables lie in a polytope and the rest in a convex set, the dualbased algorithm remains stable and optimal when the constraint set is modulated by an irreducible finitestate Markov chain. This paper thus presents a step toward a systematic way to carry out crosslayer design in the framework of “layering as optimization decomposition ” for timevarying channel models. I.
EndtoEnd Performance and Fairness in Multihop Wireless Backhaul Networks
 In Proceedings of ACM MOBICOM
, 2004
"... Wireless IEEE 802.11 networks in residences, small businesses, and public "hot spots" typically encounter the wireline access link (DSL, cable modem, T1, etc.) as the slowest and most expensive part of the endtoend path. Consequently, network architectures have been proposed that employ ..."
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Cited by 101 (4 self)
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Wireless IEEE 802.11 networks in residences, small businesses, and public "hot spots" typically encounter the wireline access link (DSL, cable modem, T1, etc.) as the slowest and most expensive part of the endtoend path. Consequently, network architectures have been proposed that employ multiple wireless hops in route to and from the wired Internet. Unfortunately, use of current media access and transport protocols for such systems can result in severe unfairness and even starvation for flows that are an increasing number of hops away from a wired Internet entry point. Our objective is to study fairness and endtoend performance in multihop wireless backhaul networks via the following methodology. First, we develop a formal reference model that characterizes objectives such as removing spatial bias (i.e., providing performance that is independent of the number of wireless hops to a wire) and maximizing spatial reuse. Second, we perform an extensive set of simulation experiments to quantify the impact of the key performance factors towards achieving these goals. For example, we study the roles of the MAC protocol, endtoend congestion control, antenna technology, and traffic types. Next, we develop and study a distributed layer 2 fairness algorithm which targets to achieve the fairness of the reference model without modification to TCP. Finally, we study the critical relationship between fairness and aggregate throughput and in particular study the fairnessconstrained system capacity of multihop wireless backhaul networks.
Joint rate control and scheduling in multihop wireless networks
 in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
, 2004
"... Abstract — We study the joint problem of allocating data rates and finding a stabilizing scheduling policy in a multihop wireless network. We propose a dual optimization based approach through which the rate control problem and the scheduling problem can be decomposed. We demonstrate via both analyt ..."
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Cited by 98 (9 self)
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Abstract — We study the joint problem of allocating data rates and finding a stabilizing scheduling policy in a multihop wireless network. We propose a dual optimization based approach through which the rate control problem and the scheduling problem can be decomposed. We demonstrate via both analytical and numerical results that the proposed mechanism can fully utilize the capacity of the network, maintain fairness, and improve the quality of service to the users. I.
Joint Congestion Control and Media Access Control Design for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks
 In Proc. IEEE INFOCOM
, 2005
"... Abstract—We present a model for the joint design of congestion control and media access control (MAC) for ad hoc wireless networks. Using contention graph and contention matrix, we formulate resource allocation in the network as a utility maximization problem with constraints that arise from content ..."
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Cited by 92 (4 self)
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Abstract—We present a model for the joint design of congestion control and media access control (MAC) for ad hoc wireless networks. Using contention graph and contention matrix, we formulate resource allocation in the network as a utility maximization problem with constraints that arise from contention for channel access. We present two algorithms that are not only distributed spatially, but more interestingly, they decompose vertically into two protocol layers where TCP and MAC jointly solve the system problem. The first is a primal algorithm where the MAC layer at the links generates congestion (contention) prices based on local aggregate source rates, and TCP sources adjust their rates based on the aggregate prices in their paths. The second is a dual subgradient algorithm where the MAC subalgorithm is implemented through scheduling linklayer flows according to the congestion prices of the links. Global convergence properties of these algorithms are proved. This is a preliminary step towards a systematic approach to jointly design TCP congestion control algorithms and MAC algorithms, not only to improve performance, but more importantly, to make their interaction more transparent.
Joint congestion control, routing and MAC for stability and fairness in wireless networks
 IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
, 2006
"... In this work, we describe and analyze a joint scheduling, routing and congestion control mechanism for wireless networks, that asymptotically guarantees stability of the buffers and fair allocation of the network resources. The queue lengths serve as common information to different layers of the ne ..."
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Cited by 66 (8 self)
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In this work, we describe and analyze a joint scheduling, routing and congestion control mechanism for wireless networks, that asymptotically guarantees stability of the buffers and fair allocation of the network resources. The queue lengths serve as common information to different layers of the network protocol stack. Our main contribution is to prove the asymptotic optimality of a primaldual congestion controller, which is known to model different versions of TCP well.
Constanttime distributed scheduling policies for ad hoc wireless networks
 in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
, 2006
"... Abstract — We propose two new distributed scheduling policies for ad hoc wireless networks that can achieve provable capacity regions. Known scheduling policies that guarantee comparable capacity regions are either centralized or need computation time that increases with the size of the network. In ..."
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Cited by 50 (6 self)
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Abstract — We propose two new distributed scheduling policies for ad hoc wireless networks that can achieve provable capacity regions. Known scheduling policies that guarantee comparable capacity regions are either centralized or need computation time that increases with the size of the network. In contrast, the unique feature of the proposed distributed scheduling policies is that they are constanttime policies, i.e., the time needed for computing a schedule is independent of the network size. Hence, they can be easily deployed in large networks. I.