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A fully dynamic algorithm for the recognition of P4sparse graphs
 PROC. 32ND WORKSHOP ON GRAPHTHEORETIC CONCEPTS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE (WG 2006), LNCS 4271
, 2006
"... In this paper, we solve the dynamic recognition problem for the class of P4sparse graphs: the objective is to handle edge/vertex additions and deletions, to recognize if each such modification yields a P4sparse graph, and if yes, to update a representation of the graph. Our approach relies on main ..."
Abstract

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In this paper, we solve the dynamic recognition problem for the class of P4sparse graphs: the objective is to handle edge/vertex additions and deletions, to recognize if each such modification yields a P4sparse graph, and if yes, to update a representation of the graph. Our approach relies on maintaining the modular decomposition tree of the graph, which we use for solving the recognition problem. We establish properties for each modification to yield a P4sparse graph and obtain a fully dynamic recognition algorithm which handles edge modifications in O(1) time and vertex modifications in O(d) time for a vertex of degree d. Thus, our algorithm implies an optimal edgesonly dynamic algorithm and a new optimal incremental algorithm for P4sparse graphs.