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375
On a class of type II1 factors with Betti numbers invariants
, 2002
"... We prove that a type II1 factor M can have at most one Cartan subalgebra A satisfying a combination of rigidity and compact approximation properties. We use this result to show that within the class HT of factors M having such Cartan subalgebras A ⊂ M, the Betti numbers of the standard equivalence ..."
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Cited by 175 (29 self)
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We prove that a type II1 factor M can have at most one Cartan subalgebra A satisfying a combination of rigidity and compact approximation properties. We use this result to show that within the class HT of factors M having such Cartan subalgebras A ⊂ M, the Betti numbers of the standard equivalence relation associated with A ⊂ M ([G2]), are in fact isomorphism invariants for the factors M, β HT n (M), n ≥ 0. The class HT is closed under amplifications and tensor products, with the Betti numbers satisfying β HT n (Mt) = β HT n (M)/t, ∀t> 0, and a Künneth type formula. An example of a factor in the class HT is given by the group von Neumann factor M = L(Z2 ⋊ SL(2, Z)), for which β HT 1 (M) = β1(SL(2, Z)) = 1/12. Thus, Mt ̸ ≃ M, ∀t ̸ = 1, showing that the fundamental group of M is trivial. This solves a long standing problem of R.V. Kadison. Also, our results bring some insight into a recent problem of A. Connes and answer a number of open questions on von Neumann algebras.
Strong rigidity of II1 factors arising from malleable actions of weakly rigid groups, I
"... Abstract. We prove that any isomorphism θ: M0 ≃ M of group measure space II1 ..."
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Cited by 149 (22 self)
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Abstract. We prove that any isomorphism θ: M0 ≃ M of group measure space II1
Spiders for rank 2 Lie algebras
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1996
"... Abstract. A spider is an axiomatization of the representation theory of a group, quantum group, Lie algebra, or other group or grouplike object. It is also known as a spherical category, or a strict, monoidal category with a few extra properties, or by several other names. A recently useful point o ..."
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Cited by 122 (2 self)
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Abstract. A spider is an axiomatization of the representation theory of a group, quantum group, Lie algebra, or other group or grouplike object. It is also known as a spherical category, or a strict, monoidal category with a few extra properties, or by several other names. A recently useful point of view, developed by other authors, of the representation theory of sl(2) has been to present it as a spider by generators and relations. That is, one has an algebraic spider, defined by invariants of linear representations, and one identifies it as isomorphic to a combinatorial spider, given by generators and relations. We generalize this approach to the rank 2 simple Lie algebras, namely A2, B2, and G2. Our combinatorial rank 2 spiders yield bases for invariant spaces which are probably related to Lusztig’s canonical bases, and they are useful for computing quantities such as generalized 6jsymbols and quantum link invariants. Their definition originates in definitions of the rank 2 quantum link invariants that were discovered independently by the author and Francois Jaeger. 1.
New points of view in knot theory
 Bull. Am. Math. Soc., New Ser
, 1993
"... In this article we shall give an account of certain developments in knot theory which followed upon the discovery of the Jones polynomial [Jo3] in 1984. The focus of our account will be recent glimmerings of understanding of the topological meaning of the new invariants. A second theme will be the c ..."
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Cited by 117 (0 self)
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In this article we shall give an account of certain developments in knot theory which followed upon the discovery of the Jones polynomial [Jo3] in 1984. The focus of our account will be recent glimmerings of understanding of the topological meaning of the new invariants. A second theme will be the central role that braid
Multiinterval subfactors and modularity of representations in conformal field theory
 Commun. Math. Phys
"... Dedicated to John E. Roberts on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday We describe the structure of the inclusions of factors A(E) ⊂A(E ′ ) ′ associated with multiintervals E ⊂ R for a local irreducible net A of von Neumann algebras on the real line satisfying the split property and Haag duality. I ..."
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Cited by 116 (39 self)
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Dedicated to John E. Roberts on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday We describe the structure of the inclusions of factors A(E) ⊂A(E ′ ) ′ associated with multiintervals E ⊂ R for a local irreducible net A of von Neumann algebras on the real line satisfying the split property and Haag duality. In particular, if the net is conformal and the subfactor has finite index, the inclusion associated with two separated intervals is isomorphic to the LongoRehren inclusion, which provides a quantum double construction of the tensor category of superselection sectors of A. As a consequence, the index of A(E) ⊂A(E ′ ) ′ coincides with the global index associated with all irreducible sectors, the braiding symmetry associated with all sectors is nondegenerate, namely the representations of A form a modular tensor category, and every sector is a direct sum of sectors with finite dimension. The superselection structure is generated by local data. The same results hold true if conformal invariance is replaced by strong additivity and there exists a modular PCT symmetry.
From subfactors to categories and topology I. Frobenius algebras in and Morita equivalence of tensor categories
 J. Pure Appl. Alg
, 2003
"... We consider certain categorical structures that are implicit in subfactor theory. Making the connection between subfactor theory (at finite index) and category theory explicit sheds light on both subjects. Furthermore, it allows various generalizations of these structures, e.g. to arbitrary ground f ..."
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Cited by 110 (9 self)
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We consider certain categorical structures that are implicit in subfactor theory. Making the connection between subfactor theory (at finite index) and category theory explicit sheds light on both subjects. Furthermore, it allows various generalizations of these structures, e.g. to arbitrary ground fields, and the proof of new results about topological invariants in three dimensions. The central notion is that of a Frobenius algebra in a tensor category A, which reduces to the classical notion if A = FVect, where F is a field. An object X ∈ A with twosided dual X gives rise to a Frobenius algebra in A, and under weak additional conditions we prove a converse: There exists a bicategory E with ObjE = {A, B} such that EndE(A) ⊗ ≃ A and such that there are J, J: B ⇋ A producing the given Frobenius algebra. Many properties (additivity, sphericity, semisimplicity,...) of A carry over to the bicategory E. We define weak monoidal Morita equivalence of tensor categories, denoted A ≈ B, and establish a correspondence between Frobenius algebras in A and tensor categories B ≈ A. While considerably weaker than equivalence of tensor categories, weak monoidal Morita equivalence A ≈ B has remarkable consequences: A and B have equivalent (as braided tensor categories) quantum doubles (‘centers’) and (if A, B are semisimple spherical or ∗categories) have equal dimensions and give rise the same state sum invariant of closed oriented 3manifolds as recently defined by Barrett and Westbury. An instructive example is provided by finite dimensional semisimple and cosemisimple Hopf algebras, for which we prove H − mod ≈ ˆH − mod. The present formalism permits a fairly complete analysis of the center of a semisimple spherical category, which is the subject of the companion paper math.CT/0111205. 1
Modular Invariants, Graphs and αInduction for Nets of Subfactors I
, 2008
"... We analyze the induction and restriction of sectors for nets of subfactors defined by Longo and Rehren. Picking a local subfactor we derive a formula which specifies the structure of the induced sectors in terms of the original DHR sectors of the smaller net and canonical endomorphisms. We also obta ..."
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Cited by 109 (17 self)
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We analyze the induction and restriction of sectors for nets of subfactors defined by Longo and Rehren. Picking a local subfactor we derive a formula which specifies the structure of the induced sectors in terms of the original DHR sectors of the smaller net and canonical endomorphisms. We also obtain a reciprocity formula for induction and restriction of sectors, and we prove a certain homomorphism property of the induction mapping. Developing further some ideas of F. Xu we will apply this theory in a forthcoming paper to nets of subfactors arising from conformal field theory, in particular those coming from conformal embeddings or orbifold inclusions of SU(n) WZW models. This will provide a better understanding of the labeling of modular invariants by certain graphs, in particular of the ADE classification of SU(2) modular invariants.
On a class of II1 factors with at most one Cartan subalgebra
 Ann. of Math
"... Abstract. This is a continuation of our previous paper studying the structure of Cartan subalgebras of von Neumann factors of type II1. We provide more examples of II1 factors having either zero, one, or several Cartan subalgebras. We also prove a rigidity result for some group measure space II1 fac ..."
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Cited by 90 (8 self)
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Abstract. This is a continuation of our previous paper studying the structure of Cartan subalgebras of von Neumann factors of type II1. We provide more examples of II1 factors having either zero, one, or several Cartan subalgebras. We also prove a rigidity result for some group measure space II1 factors.
Logarithmic minimal models
"... Working in the dense loop representation, we use the planar TemperleyLieb algebra to build integrable lattice models called logarithmic minimal models LM(p,p ′). Specifically, we construct YangBaxter integrable TemperleyLieb models on the strip acting on link states and consider their associated ..."
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Cited by 88 (25 self)
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Working in the dense loop representation, we use the planar TemperleyLieb algebra to build integrable lattice models called logarithmic minimal models LM(p,p ′). Specifically, we construct YangBaxter integrable TemperleyLieb models on the strip acting on link states and consider their associated Hamiltonian limits. These models and their associated representations of the TemperleyLieb algebra are inherently nonlocal and not (timereversal) symmetric. We argue that, in the continuum scaling limit, they yield logarithmic conformal field theories with central charges c = 1 − 6(p−p ′ ) 2 pp ′ where p,p ′ = 1,2,... are coprime. The first few members of the principal series LM(m,m + 1) are critical dense polymers (m = 1, c=−2), critical percolation (m = 2, c=0) and logarithmic Ising model (m = 3, c = 1/2). For the principal series, we find an infinite family of integrable and conformal boundary conditions organized in an extended Kac table with conformal weights, r,s = 1,2,.... The associated conformal partition functions are given in terms of Virasoro characters of highestweight representations. Individually, these characters decompose into a finite number of characters of irreducible representations. We show with examples how indecomposable representations arise from fusion. ∆r,s = ((m+1)r−ms)2 −1
The Conformal spin and statistics theorem
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1996
"... During the recent years Conformal Quantum Field Theory has become a widely studied topic, especially on a low dimensional spacetime, because of physical motivations such as the desire of a better understanding of twodimensional critical phenomena, and also for its rich mathematical structure provi ..."
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Cited by 82 (30 self)
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During the recent years Conformal Quantum Field Theory has become a widely studied topic, especially on a low dimensional spacetime, because of physical motivations such as the desire of a better understanding of twodimensional critical phenomena, and also for its rich mathematical structure providing remarkable connections with different areas such as Hopf algebras, low dimensional topology, knot invariants, subfactors