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428
Hybrid Logics: Characterization, Interpolation and Complexity
 Journal of Symbolic Logic
, 1999
"... Hybrid languages are expansions of propositional modal languages which can refer to (or even quantify over) worlds. The use of strong hybrid languages dates back to at least [Pri67], but recent work (for example [BS98, BT98a, BT99]) has focussed on a more constrained system called H(#; @). We sho ..."
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Cited by 100 (35 self)
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Hybrid languages are expansions of propositional modal languages which can refer to (or even quantify over) worlds. The use of strong hybrid languages dates back to at least [Pri67], but recent work (for example [BS98, BT98a, BT99]) has focussed on a more constrained system called H(#; @). We show in detail that H(#; @) is modally natural. We begin by studying its expressivity, and provide model theoretic characterizations (via a restricted notion of EhrenfeuchtFrasse game, and an enriched notion of bisimulation) and a syntactic characterization (in terms of bounded formulas). The key result to emerge is that H(#; @) corresponds to the fragment of rstorder logic which is invariant for generated submodels. We then show that H(#; @) enjoys (strong) interpolation, provide counterexamples for its nite variable fragments, and show that weak interpolation holds for the sublanguage H(@). Finally, we provide complexity results for H(@) and other fragments and variants, and sh...
Automatic Structures
 IN PROC. 15TH IEEE SYMP. ON LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1999
"... We study definability and complexity issues for automatic and wautomatic structures. These are, in general, infinite structures but they can be finitely presented by a collection of automata. Moreover, they admit effective (in fact automatic) evaluation of all firstorder queries. Therefore, automa ..."
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Cited by 89 (7 self)
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We study definability and complexity issues for automatic and wautomatic structures. These are, in general, infinite structures but they can be finitely presented by a collection of automata. Moreover, they admit effective (in fact automatic) evaluation of all firstorder queries. Therefore, automatic structures provide an interesting framework for extending many algorithmic and logical methods from finite structures to infinite ones. We explain the notion of (w)automatic structures, give examples, and discuss the relationship to automatic groups. We determine the complexity of model checking and query evaluation on automatic structures for fragments of firstorder logic. Further, we study closure properties and definability issues on automatic structures and present a technique for proving that a structure is not automatic. We give modeltheoretic characterisations for automatic structures via interpretations. Finally we discuss the composition theory of automatic structures and pro...
On the Decision Problem for TwoVariable FirstOrder Logic
, 1997
"... We identify the computational complexity of the satisfiability problem for FO², the fragment of firstorder logic consisting of all relational firstorder sentences with at most two distinct variables. Although this fragment was shown to be decidable a long time ago, the computational complexity ..."
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Cited by 48 (1 self)
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We identify the computational complexity of the satisfiability problem for FO², the fragment of firstorder logic consisting of all relational firstorder sentences with at most two distinct variables. Although this fragment was shown to be decidable a long time ago, the computational complexity of its decision problem has not been pinpointed so far. In 1975 Mortimer proved that FO² has the finitemodel property, which means that if an FO²sentence is satisfiable, then it has a finite model. Moreover, Mortimer showed that every satisfiable FO²sentence has a model whose size is at most doubly exponential in the size of the sentence. In this paper, we improve Mortimer's bound by one exponential and show that every satisfiable FO²sentence has a model whose size is at most exponential in the size of the sentence. As a consequence, we establish that the satisfiability problem for FO² is NEXPTIMEcomplete.
On Logics with Two Variables
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1999
"... This paper is a survey and systematic presentation of decidability and complexity issues for modal and nonmodal twovariable logics. A classical result due to Mortimer says that the twovariable fragment of firstorder logic, denoted FO 2 , has the finite model property and is therefore decidable ..."
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Cited by 41 (8 self)
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This paper is a survey and systematic presentation of decidability and complexity issues for modal and nonmodal twovariable logics. A classical result due to Mortimer says that the twovariable fragment of firstorder logic, denoted FO 2 , has the finite model property and is therefore decidable for satisfiability. One of the reasons for the significance of this result is that many propositional modal logics can be embedded into FO 2 . Logics that are of interest for knowledge representation, for the specification and verification of concurrent systems and for other areas of computer science are often defined (or can be viewed) as extensions of modal logics by features like counting constructs, path quantifiers, transitive closure operators, least and greatest fixed points etc. Examples of such logics are computation tree logic CTL, the modal ¯calculus L¯ , or popular description logics used in artificial intelligence. Although the additional features are usually not firstorder...
Weighted automata and weighted logics
 In Automata, Languages and Programming – 32nd International Colloquium, ICALP 2005
, 2005
"... Abstract. Weighted automata are used to describe quantitative properties in various areas such as probabilistic systems, image compression, speechtotext processing. The behaviour of such an automaton is a mapping, called a formal power series, assigning to each word a weight in some semiring. We g ..."
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Cited by 39 (7 self)
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Abstract. Weighted automata are used to describe quantitative properties in various areas such as probabilistic systems, image compression, speechtotext processing. The behaviour of such an automaton is a mapping, called a formal power series, assigning to each word a weight in some semiring. We generalize Büchi’s and Elgot’s fundamental theorems to this quantitative setting. We introduce a weighted version of MSO logic and prove that, for commutative semirings, the behaviours of weighted automata are precisely the formal power series definable with our weighted logic. We also consider weighted firstorder logic and show that aperiodic series coincide with the firstorder definable ones, if the semiring is locally finite, commutative and has some aperiodicity property. 1
A Temporal Modelling Environment for Internally Grounded Beliefs, Desires and Intentions
 Cognitive Systems Research Journal
, 2003
"... this paper the internal dynamics of mental states, in particular states based on beliefs, desires and intentions, is formalised using a temporal language. A software environment is presented that can be used to specify, simulate and analyse temporal dependencies between mental states in relation ..."
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Cited by 34 (27 self)
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this paper the internal dynamics of mental states, in particular states based on beliefs, desires and intentions, is formalised using a temporal language. A software environment is presented that can be used to specify, simulate and analyse temporal dependencies between mental states in relation to traces of them. If also relevant data on internal physical states over time are available, these can be analysed with respect to their relation to mental states as well
Parameter Definability in the Recursively Enumerable Degrees
"... The biinterpretability conjecture for the r.e. degrees asks whether, for each sufficiently large k, the # k relations on the r.e. degrees are uniformly definable from parameters. We solve a weaker version: for each k >= 7, the k relations bounded from below by a nonzero degree are uniformly definabl ..."
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Cited by 34 (13 self)
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The biinterpretability conjecture for the r.e. degrees asks whether, for each sufficiently large k, the # k relations on the r.e. degrees are uniformly definable from parameters. We solve a weaker version: for each k >= 7, the k relations bounded from below by a nonzero degree are uniformly definable. As applications, we show that...
Turbulence, amalgamation, and generic automorphisms of homogeneous structures
 Proc. London Math. Soc
, 2004
"... Abstract. We study topological properties of conjugacy classes in Polish groups, with emphasis on automorphism groups of homogeneous countable structures. We first consider the existence of dense conjugacy classes (the topological Rokhlin property). We then characterize when an automorphism group ad ..."
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Cited by 34 (6 self)
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Abstract. We study topological properties of conjugacy classes in Polish groups, with emphasis on automorphism groups of homogeneous countable structures. We first consider the existence of dense conjugacy classes (the topological Rokhlin property). We then characterize when an automorphism group admits a comeager conjugacy class (answering a question of Truss) and apply this to show that the homeomorphism group of the Cantor space has a comeager conjugacy class (answering a question of AkinHurleyKennedy). Finally, we study Polish groups that admit comeager conjugacy classes in any dimension (in which case the groups are said to admit ample generics). We show that Polish groups with ample generics have the small index property (generalizing results of HodgesHodkinsonLascarShelah) and arbitrary homomorphisms from such groups into separable groups are automatically continuous. Moreover, in the case of oligomorphic permutation groups, they have uncountable cofinality and the Bergman property. These results in particular apply to automorphism groups of many ωstable, ℵ0categorical structures and of the random graph. In this connection, we also show that the infinite symmetric group S ∞ has a unique nontrivial separable group topology. For several interesting groups we also establish Serre’s properties (FH) and (FA). 1.
Team Theory
, 1987
"... Contemporary or modern (mathematical) logic was born at the end of the 19th century. Its origin is connected with mathematics rather than philosophy, and my article will likewise be informed by a mathematical culture although I will try make connections with philosophy and the philosophy of ..."
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Cited by 34 (10 self)
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Contemporary or modern (mathematical) logic was born at the end of the 19th century. Its origin is connected with mathematics rather than philosophy, and my article will likewise be informed by a mathematical culture although I will try make connections with philosophy and the philosophy of
Representing Epistemic Uncertainty by means of Dialectical Argumentation
 Annals of Mathematics and AI
"... We articulate a dialectical argumentation framework for qualitative representation of epistemic uncertainty in scientific domains. The framework is grounded in specific philosophies of science and theories of rational mutual discourse. We study the formal properties of our framework and provide i ..."
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Cited by 33 (25 self)
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We articulate a dialectical argumentation framework for qualitative representation of epistemic uncertainty in scientific domains. The framework is grounded in specific philosophies of science and theories of rational mutual discourse. We study the formal properties of our framework and provide it with a game theoretic semantics. With this semantics, we examine the relationship between the snaphots of the debate in the framework and the long run position of the debate, and prove a result directly analogous to the standard (NeymanPearson) approach to statistical hypothesis testing. We believe this formalism for representating uncertainty has value in domains with only limited knowledge, where experimental evidence is ambiguous or conflicting, or where agreement between different stakeholders on the quantification of uncertainty is difficult to achieve. All three of these conditions are found in assessments of carcinogenic risk for new chemicals.