Results 1  10
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30
Cyclic Lambda Calculi
, 1997
"... . We precisely characterize a class of cyclic lambdagraphs, and then give a sound and complete axiomatization of the terms that represent a given graph. The equational axiom system is an extension of lambda calculus with the letrec construct. In contrast to current theories, which impose restrictio ..."
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Cited by 38 (5 self)
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. We precisely characterize a class of cyclic lambdagraphs, and then give a sound and complete axiomatization of the terms that represent a given graph. The equational axiom system is an extension of lambda calculus with the letrec construct. In contrast to current theories, which impose restrictions on where the rewriting can take place, our theory is very liberal, e.g., it allows rewriting under lambdaabstractions and on cycles. As shown previously, the reduction theory is nonconfluent. We thus introduce an approximate notion of confluence. Using this notion we define the infinite normal form or L'evyLongo tree of a cyclic term. We show that the infinite normal form defines a congruence on the set of terms. We relate our cyclic lambda calculus to the traditional lambda calculus and to the infinitary lambda calculus. Since most implementations of nonstrict functional languages rely on sharing to avoid repeating computations, we develop a variant of our calculus that enforces the ...
Coinductive bigstep operational semantics
, 2006
"... This paper illustrates the use of coinductive definitions and proofs in bigstep operational semantics, enabling the latter to describe diverging evaluations in addition to terminating evaluations. We show applications to proofs of type soundness and to proofs of semantic preservation for compilers ..."
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Cited by 36 (5 self)
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This paper illustrates the use of coinductive definitions and proofs in bigstep operational semantics, enabling the latter to describe diverging evaluations in addition to terminating evaluations. We show applications to proofs of type soundness and to proofs of semantic preservation for compilers.
Vries. An extensional Böhm model
 In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications (RTA 2002
, 2002
"... Abstract. We show the existence of an infinitary confluent and normalising extension of the finite extensional lambda calculus with beta and eta. Besides infinite beta reductions also infinite eta reductions are possible in this extension, and terms without head normal form can be reduced to bottom ..."
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Cited by 15 (7 self)
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Abstract. We show the existence of an infinitary confluent and normalising extension of the finite extensional lambda calculus with beta and eta. Besides infinite beta reductions also infinite eta reductions are possible in this extension, and terms without head normal form can be reduced to bottom. As corollaries we obtain a simple, syntax based construction of an extensional Böhm model of the finite lambda calculus; and a simple, syntax based proof that two lambda terms have the same semantics in this model if and only if they have the same etaBöhm tree if and only if they are observationally equivalent wrt to beta normal forms. The confluence proof reduces confluence of beta, bottom and eta via infinitary commutation and postponement arguments to confluence of beta and bottom and confluence of eta. We give counterexamples against confluence of similar extensions based on the identification of the terms without weak head normal form and the terms without top normal form (rootactive terms) respectively. 1
Productivity of Stream Definitions
, 2008
"... We give an algorithm for deciding productivity of a large and natural class of recursive stream definitions. A stream definition is called ‘productive’ if it can be evaluated continually in such a way that a uniquely determined stream in constructor normal form is obtained as the limit. Whereas prod ..."
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Cited by 14 (3 self)
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We give an algorithm for deciding productivity of a large and natural class of recursive stream definitions. A stream definition is called ‘productive’ if it can be evaluated continually in such a way that a uniquely determined stream in constructor normal form is obtained as the limit. Whereas productivity is undecidable for stream definitions in general, we show that it can be decided for ‘pure’ stream definitions. For every pure stream definition the process of its evaluation can be modelled by the dataflow of abstract stream elements, called ‘pebbles’, in a finite ‘pebbleflow net(work)’. And the production of a pebbleflow net associated with a pure stream definition, that is, the amount of pebbles the net is able to produce at its output port, can be calculated by reducing nets to trivial nets.
Completeness and Herbrand Theorems for Nominal Logic
 Journal of Symbolic Logic
, 2006
"... Nominal logic is a variant of firstorder logic in which abstract syntax with names and binding is formalized in terms of two basic operations: nameswapping and freshness. It relies on two important principles: equivariance (validity is preserved by nameswapping), and fresh name generation (&qu ..."
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Cited by 10 (4 self)
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Nominal logic is a variant of firstorder logic in which abstract syntax with names and binding is formalized in terms of two basic operations: nameswapping and freshness. It relies on two important principles: equivariance (validity is preserved by nameswapping), and fresh name generation ("new" or fresh names can always be chosen).
Vries. Order Structures for Böhmlike models
 In CSL, volume 3634 of LNCS
, 2005
"... Abstract. We are interested in the question whether the models induced by the infinitary lambda calculus are orderable, that is whether they have a partial order with a least element making the context operators monotone. The first natural candidate is the prefix relation: a prefix of a term is ob ..."
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Cited by 9 (5 self)
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Abstract. We are interested in the question whether the models induced by the infinitary lambda calculus are orderable, that is whether they have a partial order with a least element making the context operators monotone. The first natural candidate is the prefix relation: a prefix of a term is obtained by replacing some subterms by ⊥. We prove that six models induced by the infinitary lambda calculus (which includes Böhm and LévyLongo trees) are orderable by the prefix relation. The following two orders we consider are the compositions of the prefix relation with either transfinite ηreduction or transfinite ηexpansion. We prove that these orders make the context operators of the ηBöhm trees and the∞ηBöhm trees monotone. The model of Berarducci trees is not monotone with respect to the prefix relation. However, somewhat unexpectedly, we found that the Berarducci trees are orderable by a new order related to the prefix relation in which subterms are not replaced by ⊥ but by a lambda term O called the ogre which devours all its inputs. The proof of this uses simulation and coinduction. Finally, we show that there are 2c unorderable models induced by the infinitary lambda calculus where c is the cardinality of the continuum. 1
Abstract models of transfinite reductions
, 2010
"... We investigate transfinite reductions in abstract reduction systems. To this end, we study two abstract models for transfinite reductions: a metric model generalising the usual metric approach to infinitary term rewriting and a novel partial order model. For both models we distinguish between a we ..."
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Cited by 7 (7 self)
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We investigate transfinite reductions in abstract reduction systems. To this end, we study two abstract models for transfinite reductions: a metric model generalising the usual metric approach to infinitary term rewriting and a novel partial order model. For both models we distinguish between a weak and a strong variant of convergence as known from infinitary term rewriting. Furthermore, we introduce an axiomatic model of reductions that is general enough to cover all of these models of transfinite reductions as well as the ordinary model of finite reductions. It is shown that, in this unifying axiomatic model, many basic relations between termination and confluence properties known from finite reductions still hold. The introduced models are applied to term rewriting but also to term graph rewriting. We can show that for both term rewriting as well as for term graph rewriting the partial order model forms a conservative extension to the metric model.
Correctness of Copy in Calculi with Letrec,
, 2007
"... Abstract. This paper extends the internal frank report 28 as follows: It is shown that for a callbyneed lambda calculus LRCCPλ extending the calculus LRCCλ by por, i.e in a lambdacalculus with letrec, case, constructors, seq and por, copying can be done without restrictions, and also that callby ..."
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Cited by 5 (3 self)
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Abstract. This paper extends the internal frank report 28 as follows: It is shown that for a callbyneed lambda calculus LRCCPλ extending the calculus LRCCλ by por, i.e in a lambdacalculus with letrec, case, constructors, seq and por, copying can be done without restrictions, and also that callbyneed and callbyname strategies are equivalent w.r.t. contextual equivalence. 1
Pure type systems with corecursion on streams From finite to infinitary normalisation
 IN ICFP
, 2012
"... In this paper, we use types for ensuring that programs involving streams are wellbehaved. We extend pure type systems with a type constructor for streams, a modal operator next and a fixed point operator for expressing corecursion. This extension is called Pure Type Systems with Corecursion (CoPTS) ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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In this paper, we use types for ensuring that programs involving streams are wellbehaved. We extend pure type systems with a type constructor for streams, a modal operator next and a fixed point operator for expressing corecursion. This extension is called Pure Type Systems with Corecursion (CoPTS). The typed lambda calculus for reactive programs defined by Krishnaswami and Benton can be obtained as a CoPTS. CoPTS’s allow us to study a wide range of typed lambda calculi extended with corecursion using only one framework. In particular, we study this extension for the calculus of constructions which is the underlying formal language of Coq. We use the machinery of infinitary rewriting and formalize the idea of wellbehaved programs using the concept of infinitary normalization. We study the properties of infinitary weak and strong normalization for CoPTS’s. The set of finite and infinite terms is defined as a metric completion. We shed new light on the meaning of the modal operator by connecting the modality with the depth used to define the metric. This connection is the key to the proofs of infinitary weak and strong normalization.