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Cosimplicial objects and little ncubes
 I. Amer. J. Math
"... In this paper we show that if a cosimplicial space has a certain kind of combinatorial structure then its total space has an action of an operad weakly equivalent to the little ncubes operad. Our results are also valid for cosimplicial spectra. 1 Introduction. The little ncubes operad Cn was intro ..."
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Cited by 16 (0 self)
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In this paper we show that if a cosimplicial space has a certain kind of combinatorial structure then its total space has an action of an operad weakly equivalent to the little ncubes operad. Our results are also valid for cosimplicial spectra. 1 Introduction. The little ncubes operad Cn was introduced by Boardman and Vogt in [6] (except that they used the terminology of theories rather than that of operads) as a tool for understanding nfold loop spaces. They showed that for any topological space Y the nfold loop space Ω n Y has an action of Cn. In the other direction, May showed in [19] that if Z is a space with
Convex hull realizations of the multiplihedra
, 2007
"... Abstract. We present a simple algorithm for determining the extremal points in Euclidean space whose convex hull is the n th polytope in the sequence known as the multiplihedra. This answers the open question of whether the multiplihedra could be realized as convex polytopes. Contents ..."
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Cited by 13 (4 self)
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Abstract. We present a simple algorithm for determining the extremal points in Euclidean space whose convex hull is the n th polytope in the sequence known as the multiplihedra. This answers the open question of whether the multiplihedra could be realized as convex polytopes. Contents
Iterated wreath product of the simplex category and iterated loop spaces
 Adv. Math
"... Abstract. Generalising Segal’s approach to 1fold loop spaces, the homotopy theory of nfold loop spaces is shown to be equivalent to the homotopy theory of reduced Θnspaces, where Θn is an iterated wreath product of the simplex category ∆. A sequence of functors from Θn to Γ allows for an alternat ..."
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Cited by 11 (4 self)
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Abstract. Generalising Segal’s approach to 1fold loop spaces, the homotopy theory of nfold loop spaces is shown to be equivalent to the homotopy theory of reduced Θnspaces, where Θn is an iterated wreath product of the simplex category ∆. A sequence of functors from Θn to Γ allows for an alternative description of the Segal spectrum associated to a Γspace. In particular, each EilenbergMacLane space has a canonical reduced Θnset model. The number of (n + d)dimensional cells of the resulting CWcomplex of type K(Z/2Z, n) is a generalised Fibonacci number.
Generalized operads and their inner cohomomorphisms, arXiv:math.CT/ 0609748
, 2006
"... Abstract. In this paper we introduce a notion of generalized operad containing as special cases various kinds of operad–like objects: ordinary, cyclic, modular, properads etc. We then construct inner cohomomorphism objects in their categories (and categories of algebras over them). We argue that the ..."
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Cited by 8 (1 self)
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Abstract. In this paper we introduce a notion of generalized operad containing as special cases various kinds of operad–like objects: ordinary, cyclic, modular, properads etc. We then construct inner cohomomorphism objects in their categories (and categories of algebras over them). We argue that they provide an approach to symmetry and moduli objects in noncommutative geometries based upon these “ring–like ” structures. We give a unified axiomatic treatment of generalized operads as functors on categories of abstract labeled graphs. Finally, we extend inner cohomomorphism constructions to more general categorical contexts. This version differs from the previous ones by several local changes (including the title) and two extra references. 0.1. Inner cohomomorphisms of associative algebras. Let k be a field. Consider pairs A = (A, A1) consisting of an associative k–algebra A and a finite dimensional subspace A1 generating A. For two such pairs A = (A, A1) and B =
OPERADS AND PROPS
, 2006
"... We review definitions and basic properties of operads, PROPs and algebras over these structures. ..."
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Cited by 8 (0 self)
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We review definitions and basic properties of operads, PROPs and algebras over these structures.
Quotients of the multiplihedron as categorified associahedra
 Homotopy, Homology and Appl
, 2008
"... Abstract. We describe a new sequence of polytopes which characterize A ∞ maps from a topological monoid to an A ∞ space. Therefore each of these polytopes is a quotient of the corresponding multiplihedron. Our sequence of polytopes is demonstrated not to be combinatorially equivalent to the associah ..."
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Cited by 7 (2 self)
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Abstract. We describe a new sequence of polytopes which characterize A ∞ maps from a topological monoid to an A ∞ space. Therefore each of these polytopes is a quotient of the corresponding multiplihedron. Our sequence of polytopes is demonstrated not to be combinatorially equivalent to the associahedra, as was previously assumed in both topological and categorical literature. They are given the new collective name composihedra. We point out how these polytopes are used to parameterize compositions in the formulation of the theories of enriched bicategories and pseudomonoids in a monoidal bicategory. We also present a simple algorithm for determining the extremal points in Euclidean space whose convex hull is the nth polytope in the sequence of
Algebras of higher operads as enriched categories II
 In preparation
"... Abstract. One of the open problems in higher category theory is the systematic construction of the higher dimensional analogues of the Gray tensor product. In this paper we begin to adapt the machinery of globular operads [1] to this task. We present a general construction of a tensor product on the ..."
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Cited by 6 (4 self)
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Abstract. One of the open problems in higher category theory is the systematic construction of the higher dimensional analogues of the Gray tensor product. In this paper we begin to adapt the machinery of globular operads [1] to this task. We present a general construction of a tensor product on the category of nglobular sets from any normalised (n + 1)operad A, in such a way that the algebras for A may be recaptured as enriched categories for the induced tensor product. This is an important step in reconciling the globular and simplicial approaches to higher category theory, because in the simplicial approaches one proceeds inductively following the idea that a weak (n + 1)category is something like a category enriched in weak ncategories. In this paper we reveal how such an intuition may be formulated in terms of globular operads.
Iterated bar complexes of Einfinity algebras and homology theories
, 2008
"... We proved in a previous article that the bar complex of an E ∞algebra inherits a natural E ∞algebra structure. As a consequence, a welldefined iterated bar construction B n (A) can be associated to any algebra over an E ∞operad. In the case of a commutative algebra A, our iterated bar constructi ..."
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Cited by 5 (2 self)
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We proved in a previous article that the bar complex of an E ∞algebra inherits a natural E ∞algebra structure. As a consequence, a welldefined iterated bar construction B n (A) can be associated to any algebra over an E ∞operad. In the case of a commutative algebra A, our iterated bar construction reduces to the standard iterated bar complex of A. The first purpose of this paper is to give a direct effective definition of the iterated bar complexes of E ∞algebras. We use this effective definition to prove that the nfold bar construction admits an extension to categories of algebras over Enoperads. Then we prove that the nfold bar complex determines the homology theory associated to the category of algebras over an Enoperad. In the case n = ∞, we obtain an isomorphism between the homology of an infinite bar construction and the usual Γhomology with trivial coefficients.
The combinatorics of iterated loop spaces
"... It is well known since Stasheff’s work that 1fold loop spaces can be described in terms of the existence of higher homotopies for associativity (coherence conditions) or equivalently as algebras of contractible nonsymmetric operads. The combinatorics of these higher homotopies is well understood an ..."
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Cited by 4 (0 self)
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It is well known since Stasheff’s work that 1fold loop spaces can be described in terms of the existence of higher homotopies for associativity (coherence conditions) or equivalently as algebras of contractible nonsymmetric operads. The combinatorics of these higher homotopies is well understood and is extremely useful. For n ≥ 2 the theory of symmetric operads encapsulated the corresponding higher homotopies, yet hid the combinatorics and it has remain a mystery for almost 40 years. However, the recent developments in many fields ranging from algebraic topology and algebraic geometry to mathematical physics and category theory show that this combinatorics in higher dimensions will be even more important than the one dimensional case. In this paper we are going to show that there exists a conceptual way to make these combinatorics explicit using the so called higher nonsymmetric noperads.