Results 1  10
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56
The Design and Use of Steerable Filters
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1991
"... Oriented filters are useful in many early vision and image processing tasks. One often needs to apply the same filter, rotated to different angles under adaptive control, or wishes to calculate the filter response at various orientations. We present an efficient architecture to synthesize filters of ..."
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Cited by 843 (12 self)
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Oriented filters are useful in many early vision and image processing tasks. One often needs to apply the same filter, rotated to different angles under adaptive control, or wishes to calculate the filter response at various orientations. We present an efficient architecture to synthesize filters of arbitrary orientations from linear combinations of basis filters, allowing one to adaptively "steer" a filter to any orientation, and to determine analytically the filter output as a function of orientation.
Quantization
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 1998
"... The history of the theory and practice of quantization dates to 1948, although similar ideas had appeared in the literature as long ago as 1898. The fundamental role of quantization in modulation and analogtodigital conversion was first recognized during the early development of pulsecode modula ..."
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Cited by 639 (11 self)
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The history of the theory and practice of quantization dates to 1948, although similar ideas had appeared in the literature as long ago as 1898. The fundamental role of quantization in modulation and analogtodigital conversion was first recognized during the early development of pulsecode modulation systems, especially in the 1948 paper of Oliver, Pierce, and Shannon. Also in 1948, Bennett published the first highresolution analysis of quantization and an exact analysis of quantization noise for Gaussian processes, and Shannon published the beginnings of rate distortion theory, which would provide a theory for quantization as analogtodigital conversion and as data compression. Beginning with these three papers of fifty years ago, we trace the history of quantization from its origins through this decade, and we survey the fundamentals of the theory and many of the popular and promising techniques for quantization.
Shiftable Multiscale Transforms
, 1992
"... Orthogonal wavelet transforms have recently become a popular representation for multiscale signal and image analysis. One of the major drawbacks of these representations is their lack of translation invariance: the content of wavelet subbands is unstable under translations of the input signal. Wavel ..."
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Cited by 429 (38 self)
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Orthogonal wavelet transforms have recently become a popular representation for multiscale signal and image analysis. One of the major drawbacks of these representations is their lack of translation invariance: the content of wavelet subbands is unstable under translations of the input signal. Wavelet transforms are also unstable with respect to dilations of the input signal, and in two dimensions, rotations of the input signal. We formalize these problems by defining a type of translation invariance that we call "shiftability". In the spatial domain, shiftability corresponds to a lack of aliasing; thus, the conditions under which the property holds are specified by the sampling theorem. Shiftability may also be considered in the context of other domains, particularly orientation and scale. We explore "jointly shiftable" transforms that are simultaneously shiftable in more than one domain. Two examples of jointly shiftable transforms are designed and implemented: a onedimensional tran...
Image compression via joint statistical characterization in the wavelet domain
, 1997
"... We develop a statistical characterization of natural images in the wavelet transform domain. This characterization describes the joint statistics between pairs of subband coefficients at adjacent spatial locations, orientations, and scales. We observe that the raw coefficients are nearly decorrelate ..."
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Cited by 194 (29 self)
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We develop a statistical characterization of natural images in the wavelet transform domain. This characterization describes the joint statistics between pairs of subband coefficients at adjacent spatial locations, orientations, and scales. We observe that the raw coefficients are nearly decorrelated, but their magnitudes are highly correlated. A linear magnitude predictor coupled with both multiplicative and additive uncertainties accounts for the joint coefficient statistics of a wide variety of images including photographic images, graphical images, and medical images. In order to directly demonstrate the power of this model, we construct an image coder called EPWIC (Embedded Predictive Wavelet Image Coder), in which subband coefficients are encoded one bitplane at a time using a nonadaptive arithmetic encoder that utilizes probabilities calculated from the model. Bitplanes are ordered using a greedy algorithm that considers the MSE reduction per encoded bit. The decoder uses the statistical model to predict coefficient values based on the bits it has received. The ratedistortion performance of the coder compares favorably with the current best image coders in the literature. 1
Data compression and harmonic analysis
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1998
"... In this paper we review some recent interactions between harmonic analysis and data compression. The story goes back of course to Shannonâ€™s R(D) theory... ..."
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Cited by 140 (24 self)
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In this paper we review some recent interactions between harmonic analysis and data compression. The story goes back of course to Shannonâ€™s R(D) theory...
Perceptual image distortion
 In Proceedings of SPIE
, 1994
"... In this paper, we present a perceptual distortion measure that predicts image integrity far better than meansquared error. This perceptual distortion measure is based on a model of human visual processing that ts empirical measurements of the psychophysics of spatial pattern detection. The model of ..."
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Cited by 129 (0 self)
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In this paper, we present a perceptual distortion measure that predicts image integrity far better than meansquared error. This perceptual distortion measure is based on a model of human visual processing that ts empirical measurements of the psychophysics of spatial pattern detection. The model of human visual processing proposed involves two major components: a steerable pyramid transform and contrast normalization. We also illustrate the usefulness of the model in predicting perceptual distortion in real images. 1.
Scalable compression and transmission of Internet multicast video
, 1996
"... In just a few years the "Internet Multicast Backbone", or MBone, has risen from a small, research curiosity to a large scale and widely used communications infrastructure. A driving force behind this growth was our development of multipoint audio, video, and shared whiteboard conferencing applicatio ..."
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Cited by 105 (5 self)
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In just a few years the "Internet Multicast Backbone", or MBone, has risen from a small, research curiosity to a large scale and widely used communications infrastructure. A driving force behind this growth was our development of multipoint audio, video, and shared whiteboard conferencing applications that are now used daily by the large and growing MBone community. Because these realtime media are transmitted at a uniform rate to all the receivers in the network, the source must either run below the bottleneck rate or overload portions of the multicast distribution tree. In this dissertation, we propose a solution to this problem by moving the burden of rateadaptation from the source to the receivers with a scheme we call Receiverdriven Layered Multicast, or RLM. In RLM, a source distr...
On Advances in Statistical Modeling of Natural Images
 Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision
, 2003
"... Statistical analysis of images reveals two interesting properties: (i) invariance of image statistics to scaling of images, and (ii) nonGaussian behavior of image statistics, i.e. high kurtosis, heavy tails, and sharp central cusps. In this paper we review some recent results in statistical modelin ..."
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Cited by 98 (5 self)
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Statistical analysis of images reveals two interesting properties: (i) invariance of image statistics to scaling of images, and (ii) nonGaussian behavior of image statistics, i.e. high kurtosis, heavy tails, and sharp central cusps. In this paper we review some recent results in statistical modeling of natural images that attempt to explain these patterns. Two categories of results are considered: (i) studies of probability models of images or image decompositions (such as Fourier or wavelet decompositions), and (ii) discoveries of underlying image manifolds while restricting to natural images. Applications of these models in areas such as texture analysis, image classification, compression, and denoising are also considered.
The Discrete Wavelet Transform in S
 Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
, 1996
"... The theory of wavelets has recently undergone a period of rapid development. We introduce a software package called wavethresh that works within the statistical language S to perform one and twodimensional discrete wavelet transforms. The transforms and their inverses can be computed using any par ..."
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Cited by 81 (24 self)
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The theory of wavelets has recently undergone a period of rapid development. We introduce a software package called wavethresh that works within the statistical language S to perform one and twodimensional discrete wavelet transforms. The transforms and their inverses can be computed using any particular wavelet selected from a range of different families of wavelets. Pictures can be drawn of any of the one or twodimensional wavelets available in the package. The wavelet coefficients can be presented in a variety of ways to aid in the interpretation of data. The package's wavelet transform "engine" is written in C for speed and the objectorientated functionality of S makes wavethresh easy to use. We provide a tutorial introduction to wavelets and the wavethresh software. We also discuss how the software may be used to carry out nonlinear regression and image compression. In particular, thresholding of wavelet coefficients is a method for attempting to extract signal from noise and ...
A Tutorial on Modern Lossy Wavelet Image Compression: Foundations of JPEG 2000
, 2001
"... The JPEG committee has recently released its new image coding standard, JPEG 2000, which will serve as a supplement for the original JPEG standard introduced in 1992. Rather than incrementally improving on the original standard, JPEG 2000 implements an entirely new way of compressing images based o ..."
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Cited by 63 (0 self)
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The JPEG committee has recently released its new image coding standard, JPEG 2000, which will serve as a supplement for the original JPEG standard introduced in 1992. Rather than incrementally improving on the original standard, JPEG 2000 implements an entirely new way of compressing images based on the wavelet transform, in contrast to the discrete cosine transform (DCT) used in the original JPEG standard. The significant change in coding methods between the two standards leads one to ask: What prompted the JPEG committee to adopt such a dramatic change? The answer to this question comes from considering the state of image coding at the time the original JPEG standard was being formed. At that time wavelet analysis and wavelet coding were still