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Algebraic methods in discrete analogs of the Kakeya problem
, 2008
"... Abstract. We prove the joints conjecture, showing that for any N lines in R 3, there are at most O(N 3 2) points at which 3 lines intersect noncoplanarly. We also prove a conjecture of Bourgain showing that given N 2 lines in R 3 so that no N lines lie in the same plane and so that each line inters ..."
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Cited by 14 (0 self)
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Abstract. We prove the joints conjecture, showing that for any N lines in R 3, there are at most O(N 3 2) points at which 3 lines intersect noncoplanarly. We also prove a conjecture of Bourgain showing that given N 2 lines in R 3 so that no N lines lie in the same plane and so that each line intersects a set P of points in at least N points then the cardinality of the set of points is Ω(N 3). Both our proofs are adaptations of Dvir’s argument for the finite field Kakeya problem. 1.
Incidences between points and circles in three and higher dimensions
 Geom
, 2002
"... We show that the number of incidences between m distinct points and n distinct circles in R d, for any d ≥ 3, is O(m 6/11 n 9/11 κ(m 3 /n)+m 2/3 n 2/3 +m+n), where κ(n) = (log n) O(α2 (n)) and where α(n) is the inverse Ackermann function. The bound coincides with the recent bound of Aronov and Shar ..."
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Cited by 11 (7 self)
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We show that the number of incidences between m distinct points and n distinct circles in R d, for any d ≥ 3, is O(m 6/11 n 9/11 κ(m 3 /n)+m 2/3 n 2/3 +m+n), where κ(n) = (log n) O(α2 (n)) and where α(n) is the inverse Ackermann function. The bound coincides with the recent bound of Aronov and Sharir, or rather with its slight improvement by Agarwal et al., for the planar case. We also show that the number of incidences between m points and n unrestricted convex (or boundeddegree algebraic) plane curves, no two in a common plane, is O(m 4/7 n 17/21 + m 2/3 n 2/3 + m + n), in any dimension d ≥ 3. Our results improve the upper bound on the number of congruent copies of a fixed tetrahedron in a set of n points in 4space and the lower bound for the number of distinct distances in a set of n points in 3space. Another application is an improved bound for the number of incidences (or, rather, containments) between lines and reguli in three dimensions. The latter result has already been applied by Feldman and Sharir to obtain a new bound on the number of joints in an arrangement of lines in three dimensions.
Incidences in Three Dimensions and Distinct Distances in the Plane (Extended Abstract)
, 2010
"... We first describe a reduction from the problem of lowerbounding the number of distinct distances determined by a set S of s points in the plane to an incidence problem between points and a certain class of helices (or parabolas) in three dimensions. We offer conjectures involving the new setup, but ..."
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Cited by 10 (5 self)
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We first describe a reduction from the problem of lowerbounding the number of distinct distances determined by a set S of s points in the plane to an incidence problem between points and a certain class of helices (or parabolas) in three dimensions. We offer conjectures involving the new setup, but are still unable to fully resolve them. Instead, we adapt the recent new algebraic analysis technique of Guth and Katz [9], as further developed by Elekes et al. [6], to obtain sharp bounds on the number of incidences between these helices or parabolas and points in R 3. Applying these bounds, we obtain, among several other results, the upper bound O(s 3) on the number of rotations (rigid motions) which map (at least) three points of S to three other points of S. In fact, we show that the number of such rotations which map at least k ≥ 3 points of S to k other points of S is close to O(s 3 /k 12/7). One of our unresolved conjectures is that this number is O(s 3 /k 2), for k ≥ 2. If true, it would imply the lower bound Ω(s / log s) on the number of distinct distances in the plane.
An improved bound for joints in arrangements of lines in space
, 2003
"... Let L be a set of n lines in space. A joint of L is a point in R 3 where at least three noncoplanar lines meet. We show that the number of joints of L is O(n ..."
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Cited by 9 (3 self)
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Let L be a set of n lines in space. A joint of L is a point in R 3 where at least three noncoplanar lines meet. We show that the number of joints of L is O(n
On Distinct Distances and Incidences: Elekes’s Transformation and the New Algebraic Developments ∗
, 2010
"... We first present a transformation that Gyuri Elekes has devised, about a decade ago, from the celebrated problem of Erdős of lowerbounding the number of distinct distances determined by a set S of s points in the plane to an incidence problem between points and a certain class of helices (or parabo ..."
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We first present a transformation that Gyuri Elekes has devised, about a decade ago, from the celebrated problem of Erdős of lowerbounding the number of distinct distances determined by a set S of s points in the plane to an incidence problem between points and a certain class of helices (or parabolas) in three dimensions. Elekes has offered conjectures involving the new setup, which, if correct, would imply that the number of distinct distances in an selement point set in the plane is always Ω(s/log s). Unfortunately, these conjectures are still not fully resolved. We then review the recent progress made on the transformed incidence problem, based on a new algebraic approach, originally introduced by Guth and Katz. Full details of the results reviewed