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Temporal and modal logic
 HANDBOOK OF THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1995
"... We give a comprehensive and unifying survey of the theoretical aspects of Temporal and modal logic. ..."
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Cited by 1177 (17 self)
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We give a comprehensive and unifying survey of the theoretical aspects of Temporal and modal logic.
PartialOrder Methods for the Verification of Concurrent Systems  An Approach to the StateExplosion Problem
, 1995
"... Statespace exploration techniques are increasingly being used for debugging and proving correct finitestate concurrent reactive systems. The reason for this success is mainly the simplicity of these techniques. Indeed, they are easy to understand, easy to implement and, last but not least, easy to ..."
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Cited by 318 (11 self)
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Statespace exploration techniques are increasingly being used for debugging and proving correct finitestate concurrent reactive systems. The reason for this success is mainly the simplicity of these techniques. Indeed, they are easy to understand, easy to implement and, last but not least, easy to use: they are fully automatic. Moreover, the range of properties that they can verify has been substantially broadened thanks to the development of modelchecking methods for various temporal logics. The main limit of statespace exploration verification techniques is the often excessive size of the state space due, among other causes, to the modeling of concurrency by interleaving. However, exploring all interleavings of concurrent events is not a priori necessary for verification: interleavings corresponding to the same concurrent execution contain related information. One can thus hope to be able to verify properties of a concurrent system without exploring all interleavings of its concu...
An AutomataTheoretic Approach to BranchingTime Model Checking
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Translating linear temporal logic formulas to automata has proven to be an effective approach for implementing lineartime modelchecking, and for obtaining many extensions and improvements to this verification method. On the other hand, for branching temporal logic, automatatheoretic techniques ..."
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Cited by 314 (66 self)
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Translating linear temporal logic formulas to automata has proven to be an effective approach for implementing lineartime modelchecking, and for obtaining many extensions and improvements to this verification method. On the other hand, for branching temporal logic, automatatheoretic techniques have long been thought to introduce an exponential penalty, making them essentially useless for modelchecking. Recently, Bernholtz and Grumberg have shown that this exponential penalty can be avoided, though they did not match the linear complexity of nonautomatatheoretic algorithms. In this paper we show that alternating tree automata are the key to a comprehensive automatatheoretic framework for branching temporal logics. Not only, as was shown by Muller et al., can they be used to obtain optimal decision procedures, but, as we show here, they also make it possible to derive optimal modelchecking algorithms. Moreover, the simple combinatorial structure that emerges from the a...
Reasoning about Infinite Computations
 Information and Computation
, 1994
"... We investigate extensions of temporal logic by connectives defined by finite automata on infinite words. We consider three different logics, corresponding to three different types of acceptance conditions (finite, looping and repeating) for the automata. It turns out, however, that these logics all ..."
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Cited by 264 (56 self)
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We investigate extensions of temporal logic by connectives defined by finite automata on infinite words. We consider three different logics, corresponding to three different types of acceptance conditions (finite, looping and repeating) for the automata. It turns out, however, that these logics all have the same expressive power and that their decision problems are all PSPACEcomplete. We also investigate connectives defined by alternating automata and show that they do not increase the expressive power of the logic or the complexity of the decision problem. 1 Introduction For many years, logics of programs have been tools for reasoning about the input/output behavior of programs. When dealing with concurrent or nonterminating processes (like operating systems) there is, however, a need to reason about infinite computations. Thus, instead of considering the first and last states of finite computations, we need to consider the infinite sequences of states that the program goes through...
Memoryefficient algorithms for the verification of temporal properties
 FORMAL METHODS IN SYSTEM DESIGN
, 1992
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Temporal logic in information systems
 In Logics for Databases and Information Systems
, 1998
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Automated Temporal Reasoning about Reactive Systems
, 1996
"... . There is a growing need for reliable methods of designing correct reactive systems such as computer operating systems and air traffic control systems. It is widely agreed that certain formalisms such as temporal logic, when coupled with automated reasoning support, provide the most effective a ..."
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Cited by 40 (2 self)
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. There is a growing need for reliable methods of designing correct reactive systems such as computer operating systems and air traffic control systems. It is widely agreed that certain formalisms such as temporal logic, when coupled with automated reasoning support, provide the most effective and reliable means of specifying and ensuring correct behavior of such systems. This paper discusses known complexity and expressiveness results for a number of such logics in common use and describes key technical tools for obtaining essentially optimal mechanical reasoning algorithms. However, the emphasis is on underlying intuitions and broad themes rather than technical intricacies. 1 Introduction There is a growing need for reliable methods of designing correct reactive systems. These systems are characterized by ongoing, typically nonterminating and highly nondeterministic behavior. Examples include operating systems, network protocols, and air traffic control systems. There is w...
On the verification of temporal properties
 In Proceedings of Protocol Specification, Testing and Verification, Volume C16 of IFIP Transactions
, 1993
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Safety for Branching Time Semantics
, 1991
"... We study in a first part of this paper safety and liveness properties for any given program semantics. We give a topological definition of these properties using a safety preorder. Then, we consider the case of branching time semantics where a program is modeled by a set of infinite computation tree ..."
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Cited by 35 (4 self)
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We study in a first part of this paper safety and liveness properties for any given program semantics. We give a topological definition of these properties using a safety preorder. Then, we consider the case of branching time semantics where a program is modeled by a set of infinite computation trees modulo bisimulation. We propose and study a safety preorder for this semantics based on simulation and dealing with silent actions. We focus on regular safety properties and characterize them by both treeautomata and formulas of a branching time logic. We show that verifying safety properties on trees reduces to simulation testing.