Results 1  10
of
162
Domain Theory in Logical Form
 Annals of Pure and Applied Logic
, 1991
"... The mathematical framework of Stone duality is used to synthesize a number of hitherto separate developments in Theoretical Computer Science: • Domain Theory, the mathematical theory of computation introduced by Scott as a foundation for denotational semantics. • The theory of concurrency and system ..."
Abstract

Cited by 229 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The mathematical framework of Stone duality is used to synthesize a number of hitherto separate developments in Theoretical Computer Science: • Domain Theory, the mathematical theory of computation introduced by Scott as a foundation for denotational semantics. • The theory of concurrency and systems behaviour developed by Milner, Hennessy et al. based on operational semantics. • Logics of programs. Stone duality provides a junction between semantics (spaces of points = denotations of computational processes) and logics (lattices of properties of processes). Moreover, the underlying logic is geometric, which can be computationally interpreted as the logic of observable properties—i.e. properties which can be determined to hold of a process on the basis of a finite amount of information about its execution. These ideas lead to the following programme:
Modeling Concurrency with Geometry
"... The phenomena of branching time and true or noninterleaving concurrency find their respective homes in automata and schedules. But these two models of computation are formally equivalent via Birkhoff duality, an equivalence we expound on here in tutorial detail. So why should these phenomena prefer ..."
Abstract

Cited by 125 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The phenomena of branching time and true or noninterleaving concurrency find their respective homes in automata and schedules. But these two models of computation are formally equivalent via Birkhoff duality, an equivalence we expound on here in tutorial detail. So why should these phenomena prefer one home over the other? We identify dimension as the culprit: 1dimensional automata are skeletons permitting only interleaving concurrency, whereas true nfold concurrency resides in transitions of dimension n. The truly concurrent automaton dual to a schedule is not a skeletal distributive lattice but a solid one. We introduce true nondeterminism and define it as monoidal homotopy; from this perspective nondeterminism in ordinary automata arises from forking and joining creating nontrivial homotopy. The automaton dual to a poset schedule is simply connected whereas that dual to an event structure schedule need not be, according to monoidal homotopy though not to group homotopy. We conclude with a formal definition of higher dimensional automaton as an ncomplex or ncategory, whose two essential axioms are associativity of concatenation within dimension and an interchange principle between dimensions.
PartialGaggles Applied to Logics with Restricted Structural Rules
 In Peter SchroederHeister and Kosta Dosen, editors, Substructural Logics
, 1991
"... Law of Residuation (in their jth place) when f and g are contrapositives (with respect to their jth place) and S(f; a 1 ; : : : ; a j ; : : : ; a n ; b) iff S(g; a 1 ; : : : ; b; : : : ; a n ; a j ). (5) Two operators f , g 2 OP are relatives when they satisfy the Abstract Law of Residuation in ..."
Abstract

Cited by 40 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Law of Residuation (in their jth place) when f and g are contrapositives (with respect to their jth place) and S(f; a 1 ; : : : ; a j ; : : : ; a n ; b) iff S(g; a 1 ; : : : ; b; : : : ; a n ; a j ). (5) Two operators f , g 2 OP are relatives when they satisfy the Abstract Law of Residuation in some position. (6) The family of operations OP is founded when there is a distinguished operator f 2 OP (the head) such that any other operator g 2 OP is a relative of f . Definition. A partialgaggle is a tonoid T = (X; ; OP), in which OP is a founded family. As examples, consider a p.o. residuated groupoid, with OP chosen to be any of the following families of operations (ffi is the head of the families of which it is a member): fffig, fffi; /g, fffi; !g, fffi; /;!g, f/g, f!g. Note that f!;/g does not formally fall under our definition since the trace of one is not directly the contrapositive of the trace of the other, even though the trace of each is a contrapositive of the trace of f...
A representation Theorem for Boolean Contact Algebras
, 2003
"... We prove a representation theorem for Boolean contact algebras which implies that the axioms for the Region Connection Calculus [20] (RCC) are complete for the class of subalgebras of the algebras of regular closed sets of weakly regular connected T 1 spaces. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 35 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We prove a representation theorem for Boolean contact algebras which implies that the axioms for the Region Connection Calculus [20] (RCC) are complete for the class of subalgebras of the algebras of regular closed sets of weakly regular connected T 1 spaces.
Dynamic Algebras as a wellbehaved fragment of Relation Algebras
 In Algebraic Logic and Universal Algebra in Computer Science, LNCS 425
, 1990
"... The varieties RA of relation algebras and DA of dynamic algebras are similar with regard to definitional capacity, admitting essentially the same equational definitions of converse and star. They differ with regard to completeness and decidability. The RA definitions that are incomplete with respect ..."
Abstract

Cited by 33 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The varieties RA of relation algebras and DA of dynamic algebras are similar with regard to definitional capacity, admitting essentially the same equational definitions of converse and star. They differ with regard to completeness and decidability. The RA definitions that are incomplete with respect to representable relation algebras, when expressed in their DA form are complete with respect to representable dynamic algebras. Moreover, whereas the theory of RA is undecidable, that of DA is decidable in exponential time. These results follow from representability of the free intensional dynamic algebras. Dept. of Computer Science, Stanford, CA 94305. This paper is based on a talk given at the conference Algebra and Computer Science, Ames, Iowa, June 24, 1988. It will appear in the proceedings of that conference, to be published by SpringerVerlag in the Lecture Notes in Computer Science series. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant number CCR8814921 ...
The Stone gamut: a coordinatization of mathematics
 In Logic in Computer Science. IEEE Computer Society
, 1995
"... ..."
A Primer On Galois Connections
 York Academy of Science
, 1992
"... : We provide the rudiments of the theory of Galois connections (or residuation theory, as it is sometimes called) together with many examples and applications. Galois connections occur in profusion and are wellknown to most mathematicians who deal with order theory; they seem to be less known to to ..."
Abstract

Cited by 29 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
: We provide the rudiments of the theory of Galois connections (or residuation theory, as it is sometimes called) together with many examples and applications. Galois connections occur in profusion and are wellknown to most mathematicians who deal with order theory; they seem to be less known to topologists. However, because of their ubiquity and simplicity, they (like equivalence relations) can be used as an effective research tool throughout mathematics and related areas. If one recognizes that a Galois connection is involved in a phenomenon that may be relatively complex, then many aspects of that phenomenon immediately become clear; and thus, the whole situation typically becomes much easier to understand. KEY WORDS: Galois connection, closure operation, interior operation, polarity, axiality CLASSIFICATION: Primary: 06A15, 0601, 06A06 Secondary: 5401, 54B99, 54H99, 68F05 0. INTRODUCTION Mathematicians are familiar with the following situation: there are two "worlds" and t...
Modal Logics, Description Logics and Arithmetic Reasoning
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1999
"... We introduce mathematical programming and atomic decomposition as the basic modal (TBox) inference techniques for a large class of modal and description logics. The class of description logics suitable for the proposed methods is strong on the arithmetical side. In particular there may be complex a ..."
Abstract

Cited by 25 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We introduce mathematical programming and atomic decomposition as the basic modal (TBox) inference techniques for a large class of modal and description logics. The class of description logics suitable for the proposed methods is strong on the arithmetical side. In particular there may be complex arithmetical conditions on sets of accessible worlds (role fillers). The atomic decomposition technique can deal with set constructors for modal parameters (role terms) and parameter (role) hierarchies specied in full propositional logic. Besides the standard modal operators, a number of other constructors can be added in a relatively straightforward way. Examples are graded modalities (qualified number restrictions) and also generalized quantiers like `most', `n%', `more' and `many'.
Rewrite Methods for Clausal and Nonclausal Theorem Proving
 in Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Automata, Languages and Programming
, 1983
"... Effective theorem provers are essential for automatic verification and generation of programs. The conventional resolution strategies, albeit complete, are inefficient. On the other hand, special purpose methods, such as term rewriting systems for solving word problems, are relatively efficient but ..."
Abstract

Cited by 22 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Effective theorem provers are essential for automatic verification and generation of programs. The conventional resolution strategies, albeit complete, are inefficient. On the other hand, special purpose methods, such as term rewriting systems for solving word problems, are relatively efficient but applicable to only limited classes of problems. In this paper, a simple canonical set of rewrite rules for Boolean algebra is presented. Based on this set of rules, the notion of term rewriting systems is generalized to provide complete proof strategies for first order predicate calculus. The methods are conceptually simple and can frequently utilize lemmas in proofs. Moreover, when the variables of the predicates involve some domain that has a canonical system, that system can be incorporated as rewrite rules, with the algebraic simplifications being done simultaneously with the merging of clauses. This feature is particularly useful in program verification, data type specification, and programming language design, where axioms can be expressed as equations (rewrite rules). Preliminary results from our implementation indicate that the methods are spaceefficient with respect to the number of rules generated (as compared to the number of resolvents in resolution provers). 2.