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Bayesian Tests And Model Diagnostics In Conditionally Independent Hierarchical Models
 Journal of the American Statistical Association
, 1994
"... Consider the conditionally independent hierarchical model (CIHM) where observations y i are independently distributed from f(y i j` i ), the parameters ` i are independently distributed from distributions g(`j), and the hyperparameters are distributed according to a distribution h(). The posterior ..."
Abstract

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Consider the conditionally independent hierarchical model (CIHM) where observations y i are independently distributed from f(y i j` i ), the parameters ` i are independently distributed from distributions g(`j), and the hyperparameters are distributed according to a distribution h(). The posterior distribution of all parameters of the CIHM can be efficiently simulated by Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) algorithms. Although these simulation algorithms have facilitated the application of CIHM's, they generally have not addressed the problem of computing quantities useful in model selection. This paper explores how MCMC simulation algorithms and other related computational algorithms can be used to compute Bayes factors that are useful in criticizing a particular CIHM. In the case where the CIHM models a belief that the parameters are exchangeable or lie on a regression surface, the Bayes factor can measure the consistency of the data with the structural prior belief. Bayes factors can ...