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On the Brightness of the Thomson Lamp. A Prolegomenon to Quantum Recursion Theory
, 2009
"... Some physical aspects related to the limit operations of the Thomson lamp are discussed. Regardless of the formally unbounded and even infinite number of “steps” involved, the physical limit has an operational meaning in agreement with the Abel sums of infinite series. The formal analogies to accele ..."
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Some physical aspects related to the limit operations of the Thomson lamp are discussed. Regardless of the formally unbounded and even infinite number of “steps” involved, the physical limit has an operational meaning in agreement with the Abel sums of infinite series. The formal analogies to accelerated (hyper) computers and the recursion theoretic diagonal methods are discussed. As quantum information is not bound by the mutually exclusive states of classical bits, it allows a consistent representation of fixed point states of the diagonal operator. In an effort to reconstruct the selfcontradictory feature of diagonalization, a generalized diagonal method allowing no quantum fixed points is proposed.
Contents Lectures on Noncommutative Geometry
, 2007
"... 2 From C∗algebras to noncommutative spaces 3 ..."
Lieber Herr Bernays!, Lieber Herr Gödel! Gödel on finitism, constructivity and Hilbert’s program
"... The correspondence between Paul Bernays and Kurt Gödel is one of the most extensive in the two volumes of Gödel’s collected works devoted to his letters of (primarily) scientific, philosophical and historical interest. It ranges from 1930 to 1975 and deals with a rich body of logical and philosophic ..."
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The correspondence between Paul Bernays and Kurt Gödel is one of the most extensive in the two volumes of Gödel’s collected works devoted to his letters of (primarily) scientific, philosophical and historical interest. It ranges from 1930 to 1975 and deals with a rich body of logical and philosophical issues, including the incompleteness theorems, finitism, constructivity, set theory, the philosophy of mathematics, and postKantian philosophy, and contains Gödel’s thoughts on many topics that are not expressed elsewhere. In addition, it testifies to their lifelong warm personal relationship. I have given a detailed synopsis of the Bernays Gödel correspondence, with explanatory background, in my introductory note to it in Vol. IV of Gödel’s Collected Works, pp. 4179. 1 My purpose here is to focus on only one group of interrelated topics from these exchanges, namely the light that it⎯together with assorted published and unpublished articles and lectures by Gödel⎯throws on his perennial preoccupations with the limits of finitism, its relations to constructivity, and the significance of his incompleteness theorems for Hilbert’s program. 2 In that connection, this piece has an important subtext, namely the shadow of Hilbert that loomed over Gödel from the beginning to the end of his career. 1 The five volumes of Gödel’s Collected Works (19862003) are referred to below, respectively, as CW I,
GÖDEL AND SET THEORY
"... Kurt Gödel (1906–1978) with his work on the constructible universe L established the relative consistency of the Axiom of Choice (AC) and the Continuum Hypothesis (CH). More broadly, he ensured the ascendancy of firstorder logic as the framework and a matter of method for set theory and secured the ..."
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Kurt Gödel (1906–1978) with his work on the constructible universe L established the relative consistency of the Axiom of Choice (AC) and the Continuum Hypothesis (CH). More broadly, he ensured the ascendancy of firstorder logic as the framework and a matter of method for set theory and secured the cumulative hierarchy view of the universe of sets. Gödel thereby transformed set theory and launched it with structured subject matter and specific methods of proof. In later years Gödel worked on a variety of settheoretic constructions and speculated about how problems might be settled with new axioms. We here chronicle this development from the point of view of the evolution of set theory as a field of mathematics. Much has been written, of course, about Gödel’s work in set theory, from textbook expositions to the introductory notes to his collected papers. The present account presents an integrated view of the historical and mathematical development as supported by his recently published lectures and correspondence. Beyond the surface of things we delve deeper into the mathematics. What emerges
JACQUES HERBRAND: LIFE, LOGIC, AND AUTOMATED DEDUCTION
"... The lives of mathematical prodigies who passed away very early after groundbreaking work invoke a fascination for later generations: The early death of Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829) from ill health after a sled trip to visit his fiancé for Christmas; the obscure circumstances of Evariste Galois ’ (1 ..."
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The lives of mathematical prodigies who passed away very early after groundbreaking work invoke a fascination for later generations: The early death of Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829) from ill health after a sled trip to visit his fiancé for Christmas; the obscure circumstances of Evariste Galois ’ (1811–1832) duel; the deaths of consumption of Gotthold Eisenstein (1823–1852) (who sometimes lectured his few students from his bedside) and of Gustav Roch (1839–1866) in Venice; the drowning of the topologist Pavel Samuilovich Urysohn (1898–1924) on vacation; the burial of Raymond Paley (1907–1933) in an avalanche at Deception Pass in the Rocky Mountains; as well as the fatal imprisonment of Gerhard Gentzen (1909–1945) in Prague1 — these are tales most scholars of logic and mathematics have heard in their student days. Jacques Herbrand, a young prodigy admitted to the École Normale Supérieure as the best student of the year1925, when he was17, died only six years later in a mountaineering accident in La Bérarde (Isère) in France. He left a legacy in logic and mathematics that is outstanding.
The Sources of Certainty in Computation and Formal Systems
, 1999
"... In his Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences, Rene Descartes sought \clear and certain knowledge of all that is useful in life." Almost three centuries later, in \The foundations of mathematics," David Hilbert tried to \recast mathematical deniti ..."
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In his Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences, Rene Descartes sought \clear and certain knowledge of all that is useful in life." Almost three centuries later, in \The foundations of mathematics," David Hilbert tried to \recast mathematical denitions and inferences in such a way that they are unshakable." Hilbert's program relied explicitly on formal systems (equivalently, computational systems) to provide certainty in mathematics. The concepts of computation and formal system were not dened in his time, but Descartes' method may be understood as seeking certainty in essentially the same way. In this article, I explain formal systems as concrete artifacts, and investigate the way in which they provide a high level of certainty arguably the highest level achievable by rational discourse. The rich understanding of formal systems achieved by mathematical logic and computer science in this century illuminates the nature of programs,...
Arithmetic and the Incompleteness Theorems
, 2000
"... this paper please consult me first, via my home page. ..."
The Sources of Certainty in Computation and Formal Systems
"... In his Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences, Rene Descartes sought \clear and certain knowledge of all that is useful in life." Almost three centuries later, in \The foundations of mathematics," David Hilbert tried to \recast mathematical deniti ..."
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In his Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences, Rene Descartes sought \clear and certain knowledge of all that is useful in life." Almost three centuries later, in \The foundations of mathematics," David Hilbert tried to \recast mathematical denitions and inferences in such a way that they are unshakable." Hilbert's program relied explicitly on formal systems (equivalently, computational systems) to provide certainty in mathematics. The concepts of computation and formal system were not dened in his time, but Descartes' method may be understood as seeking certainty in essentially the same way. In this article, I explain formal systems as concrete artifacts, and investigate the way in which they provide a high level of certainty arguably the highest level achievable by rational discourse. The rich understanding of formal systems achieved by mathematical logic and computer science in this century illuminates the nature of programs,...