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Laws and limits of econometrics
 ECONOMIC JOURNAL
, 2003
"... We start by discussing some general weaknesses and limitations of the econometric approach. A template from sociology is used to formulate six laws that characterize mainstream activities of econometrics and the scientific limits of those activities. Next, we discuss some proximity theorems that qua ..."
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Cited by 14 (3 self)
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We start by discussing some general weaknesses and limitations of the econometric approach. A template from sociology is used to formulate six laws that characterize mainstream activities of econometrics and the scientific limits of those activities. Next, we discuss some proximity theorems that quantify by means of explicit bounds how close we can get to the generating mechanism of the data and the optimal forecasts of next period observations using a finite number of observations. The magnitude of the bound depends on the characteristics of the model and the trajectory of the observed data. The results show that trends are more elusive to model than stationary processes in the sense that the proximity bounds are larger. By contrast, the bounds are of smaller order for models that are unidentified or nearly unidentified, so that lack or near lack of identification may not be as fatal to the use of a model in practice as some recent results on inference suggest. Finally, we look at one possible future of econometrics that involves the use of advanced econometric methods interactively by way of a web browser. With these methods users may access a suite of econometric methods and data sets online. They may also upload data to remote servers and by simple web browser selections initiate the implementation of advanced econometric software algorithms, returning the results online and by file and graphics downloads.
Band Spectral Regression with Trending Data,” Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper
, 1997
"... Band spectral regression with both deterministic and stochastic trends is considered. It is shown that trend removal by regression in the time domain prior to band spectral regression can lead to biased and inconsistent estimates in models with frequency dependent coefficients. Both semiparametric a ..."
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Cited by 12 (5 self)
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Band spectral regression with both deterministic and stochastic trends is considered. It is shown that trend removal by regression in the time domain prior to band spectral regression can lead to biased and inconsistent estimates in models with frequency dependent coefficients. Both semiparametric and nonparametric regression formulations are considered, the latter including general systems of twosided distributed lags such as those arising in lead and lag regressions. The bias problem arises through omitted variables and is avoided by careful specification of the regression equation. Trend removal in the frequency domain is shown to be a convenient option in practice. An asymptotic theory is developed and the two cases of stationary data and cointegrated nonstationary data are compared. In the latter case, a levels and differences regression formulation is shown to be useful in estimating the frequency response function at nonzero as well as zero frequencies.
Long run variance estimation and robust regression testing using sharp origin kernels with no truncation
 Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference
, 2007
"... www.elsevier.com/locate/jspi Long run variance estimation and robust regression testing using sharp origin kernels with no truncation ..."
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Cited by 7 (5 self)
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www.elsevier.com/locate/jspi Long run variance estimation and robust regression testing using sharp origin kernels with no truncation
Testing linear restrictions on cointegrating vectors: Sizes and powers of Wald tests in finite samples
"... this paper is to study the performance in finite samples of tests for parameter restrictions on cointegrating vectors. The Monte Carlo method is employed for these purposes. Testing hypotheses suggested by economic theory is a central concern of econometrics and testing hypotheses about restrictions ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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this paper is to study the performance in finite samples of tests for parameter restrictions on cointegrating vectors. The Monte Carlo method is employed for these purposes. Testing hypotheses suggested by economic theory is a central concern of econometrics and testing hypotheses about restrictions on parameters in cointegrating vectors is no exception. The goal is to apply tests that have close to correct size and high power. Wald tests have been proposed for testing linear restrictions on cointegrating vectors for different, though asymptotically equivalent, estimation methods. This Monte Carlo analysis studies the effects of varying the estimation technique on calculating the Wald test. The Wald test statistics are distributed as Ø
Optimal Estimation of . . . Irrelevant Instruments
, 2006
"... It has been know since Phillips and Hansen (1990) that cointegrated systems can be consistently estimated using stochastic trend instruments that are independent of the system variables. A similar phenomenon occurs with deterministically trending instruments. The present work shows that such “irrele ..."
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It has been know since Phillips and Hansen (1990) that cointegrated systems can be consistently estimated using stochastic trend instruments that are independent of the system variables. A similar phenomenon occurs with deterministically trending instruments. The present work shows that such “irrelevant” deterministic trend instruments may be systematically used to produce asymptotically efficient estimates of a cointegrated system. The approach is convenient in practice, involves only linear instrumental variables estimation, and is a straightforward one step procedure with no loss of degrees of freedom in estimation. Simulations reveal that the procedure works well in practice, having little finite sample bias and less finite sample dispersion than other popular cointegrating regression procedures such as reduced rank VAR regression, fully modified least squares, and dynamic OLS. The procedure is shown to be a form of maximum likelihood estimation where the likelihood is constructed for data projected onto the trending instruments. This “trend likelihood ” is related to the notion of the local Whittle likelihood but avoids frequency domain issues altogether. Correspondingly, the approach developed here has many potential applications beyond conventional cointegrating regression, such as the estimation of long memory and fractional cointegrating relationships.
Partial Linear Models 1
, 2001
"... The paper was typed by the authors in Scientific Word 2.5. Phillips thanks the NSF for ..."
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The paper was typed by the authors in Scientific Word 2.5. Phillips thanks the NSF for
JEL classification:
, 2013
"... Asymptotic efficiency Cointegrated system Coverage probability Instrumental variables Irrelevant instrument Karhunen–Loève representation Optimal estimation Orthonormal basis Sieve estimation of stochastic processes Trend basis Trend likelihood It has been known since Phillips and Hansen (1990) that ..."
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Asymptotic efficiency Cointegrated system Coverage probability Instrumental variables Irrelevant instrument Karhunen–Loève representation Optimal estimation Orthonormal basis Sieve estimation of stochastic processes Trend basis Trend likelihood It has been known since Phillips and Hansen (1990) that cointegrated systems can be consistently estimated using stochastic trend instruments that are independent of the system variables. A similar phenomenon occurs with deterministically trending instruments. The present work shows that such ‘‘irrelevant’ ’ deterministic trend instruments may be systematically used to produce asymptotically efficient estimates of a cointegrated system. The approach is convenient in practice, involves only linear instrumental variables estimation, and is a straightforward one step procedure with no loss of degrees of freedom in estimation. Simulations reveal that the procedure works well in practice both in terms of point and interval estimation, having little finite sample bias and less finite sample dispersion than other popular cointegrating regression procedures such as reduced rank VAR regression, fully modified least squares, and dynamic OLS. The procedure is a form of maximum likelihood estimation where the likelihood is constructed for data projected onto the trending instruments. This ‘‘trend likelihood’ ’ is related to the notion of the local Whittle likelihood but avoids frequency domain issues. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1.