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210
Quadratic forms on graphs
 Invent. Math
, 2005
"... We introduce a new graph parameter, called the Grothendieck constant of a graph G = (V, E), which is defined as the least constant K such that for every A: E → R, ..."
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Cited by 53 (10 self)
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We introduce a new graph parameter, called the Grothendieck constant of a graph G = (V, E), which is defined as the least constant K such that for every A: E → R,
Broadcasting with side information
 Proc. of the 49th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS 2008
"... A sender holds a word x consisting of n blocks xi, each of t bits, and wishes to broadcast a codeword to m receivers, R1,..., Rm. Each receiver Ri is interested in one block, and has prior side information consisting of some subset of the other blocks. Let βt be the minimum number of bits that has t ..."
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Cited by 51 (6 self)
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A sender holds a word x consisting of n blocks xi, each of t bits, and wishes to broadcast a codeword to m receivers, R1,..., Rm. Each receiver Ri is interested in one block, and has prior side information consisting of some subset of the other blocks. Let βt be the minimum number of bits that has to be transmitted when each block is of length t, and let β be the limit β = limt→ ∞ βt/t. In words, β is the average communication cost per bit in each block (for long blocks). Finding the coding rate β, for such an informed broadcast setting, generalizes several coding theoretic parameters related to Informed Source Coding on Demand, Index Coding and Network Coding. In this work we show that usage of large data blocks may strictly improve upon the trivial encoding which treats each bit in the block independently. To this end, we provide general bounds on βt, and prove that for any constant C there is an explicit broadcast setting in which β = 2 but β1> C. One of these examples answers a question of [15]. In addition, we provide examples with the following counterintuitive directsum phenomena. Consider a union of several mutually independent broadcast settings. The optimal code for the
Complexes of graph homomorphisms
 Israel J. Math
"... Abstract. Hom (G, H) is a polyhedral complex defined for any two undirected graphs G and H. This construction was introduced by Lovász to give lower bounds for chromatic numbers of graphs. In this paper we initiate the study of the topological properties of this class of complexes. We prove that Hom ..."
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Cited by 49 (10 self)
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Abstract. Hom (G, H) is a polyhedral complex defined for any two undirected graphs G and H. This construction was introduced by Lovász to give lower bounds for chromatic numbers of graphs. In this paper we initiate the study of the topological properties of this class of complexes. We prove that Hom (Km, Kn) is homotopy equivalent to a wedge of (n−m)dimensional spheres, and provide an enumeration formula for the number of the spheres. As a corollary we prove that if for some graph G, and integers m ≥ 2 and k ≥ −1, we have ̟k 1 (Hom (Km, G)) ̸ = 0, then χ(G) ≥ k + m; here Z2action is induced by the swapping of two vertices in Km, and ̟1 is the first StiefelWhitney class corresponding to this action. Furthermore, we prove that a fold in the first argument of Hom (G, H) induces a homotopy equivalence. It then follows that Hom (F, Kn) is homotopy equivalent to a direct product of (n−2)dimensional spheres, whileHom (F, Kn) is homotopy equivalent to a wedge of spheres, where F is an arbitrary forest and F is its complement. 1.1. Definition of the main object. 1.
Graph homomorphisms: structure and symmetry
"... This paper is the first part of an introduction to the subject of graph homomorphism in the mixed form of a course and a survey. We give the basic definitions, examples and uses of graph homomorphisms and mention some results that consider the structure and some parameters of the graphs involved. We ..."
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Cited by 45 (2 self)
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This paper is the first part of an introduction to the subject of graph homomorphism in the mixed form of a course and a survey. We give the basic definitions, examples and uses of graph homomorphisms and mention some results that consider the structure and some parameters of the graphs involved. We discuss vertex transitive graphs and Cayley graphs and their rather fundamental role in some aspects of graph homomorphisms. Graph colourings are then explored as homomorphisms, followed by a discussion of various graph products.
Holographic Algorithms: From Art to Science
 Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity Report
, 2007
"... We develop the theory of holographic algorithms. We give characterizations of algebraic varieties of realizable symmetric generators and recognizers on the basis manifold, and a polynomial time decision algorithm for the simultaneous realizability problem. Using the general machinery we are able to ..."
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Cited by 41 (16 self)
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We develop the theory of holographic algorithms. We give characterizations of algebraic varieties of realizable symmetric generators and recognizers on the basis manifold, and a polynomial time decision algorithm for the simultaneous realizability problem. Using the general machinery we are able to give unexpected holographic algorithms for some counting problems, modulo certain Mersenne type integers. These counting problems are #Pcomplete without the moduli. Going beyond symmetric signatures, we define dadmissibility and drealizability for general signatures, and give a characterization of 2admissibility and some general constructions of admissible and realizable families. 1
Generalized Kneser coloring theorems with combinatorial proofs
 INVENTIONES MATH
, 2001
"... The Kneser conjecture (1955) was proved by Lovasz (1978) using the BorsukUlam theorem; all subsequent proofs, extensions and generalizations also relied on Algebraic Topology results, namely the BorsukUlam theorem and its extensions. Only in 2000, Matousek provided the rst combinatorial proof of t ..."
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Cited by 32 (3 self)
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The Kneser conjecture (1955) was proved by Lovasz (1978) using the BorsukUlam theorem; all subsequent proofs, extensions and generalizations also relied on Algebraic Topology results, namely the BorsukUlam theorem and its extensions. Only in 2000, Matousek provided the rst combinatorial proof of the Kneser conjecture. Here we provide a hypergraph coloring theorem, with a combinatorial proof, which has as special cases the Kneser conjecture as well as its extensions and generalization by (hyper)graph coloring theorems of Dol'nikov, AlonFranklLovasz, Sarkaria, and Kriz. We also give a combinatorial proof of Schrijver's theorem.
The L(h, k)Labelling Problem: A Survey and Annotated Bibliography
, 2006
"... Given any fixed nonnegative integer values h and k, the L(h, k)labelling problem consists in an assignment of nonnegative integers to the nodes of a graph such that adjacent nodes receive values which differ by at least h, and nodes connected by a 2 length path receive values which differ by at l ..."
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Cited by 30 (3 self)
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Given any fixed nonnegative integer values h and k, the L(h, k)labelling problem consists in an assignment of nonnegative integers to the nodes of a graph such that adjacent nodes receive values which differ by at least h, and nodes connected by a 2 length path receive values which differ by at least k. The span of an L(h, k)labelling is the difference between the largest and the smallest assigned frequency. The goal of the problem is to find out an L(h, k)labelling with minimum span. The L(h, k)labelling problem has been intensively studied following many approaches and restricted to many special cases, concerning both the values of h and k and the considered classes of graphs. This paper reviews the results from previous by published literature, looking at the problem with a graph algorithmic approach.