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Hierarchic reasoning in local theory extensions
 20th International Conference on Automated Deduction (CADE20), LNAI 3632
, 2005
"... Abstract. We show that for special types of extensions of a base theory, which we call local, efficient hierarchic reasoning is possible. We identify situations in which it is possible, for an extension T1 of a theory T0, to express the decidability and complexity of the universal theory of T1 in te ..."
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Cited by 40 (20 self)
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Abstract. We show that for special types of extensions of a base theory, which we call local, efficient hierarchic reasoning is possible. We identify situations in which it is possible, for an extension T1 of a theory T0, to express the decidability and complexity of the universal theory of T1 in terms of the decidability resp. complexity of suitable fragments of the theory T0 (universal or ∀∃). These results apply to theories related to data types, but also to certain theories of functions from mathematics. 1
Modular proof systems for partial functions with Evans equality
 Information and Computation
, 2006
"... The paper presents a modular superposition calculus for the combination of firstorder theories involving both total and partial functions. The modularity of the calculus is a consequence of the fact that all the inferences are pure – only involving clauses over the alphabet of either one, but not bo ..."
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Cited by 25 (13 self)
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The paper presents a modular superposition calculus for the combination of firstorder theories involving both total and partial functions. The modularity of the calculus is a consequence of the fact that all the inferences are pure – only involving clauses over the alphabet of either one, but not both, of the theories – when refuting goals represented by sets of pure formulae. The calculus is shown to be complete provided that functions that are not in the intersection of the component signatures are declared as partial. This result also means that if the unsatisfiability of a goal modulo the combined theory does not depend on the totality of the functions in the extensions, the inconsistency will be effectively found. Moreover, we consider a constraint superposition calculus for the case of hierarchical theories and show that it has a related modularity property. Finally we identify cases where the partial models can always be made total so that modular superposition is also complete with respect to the standard (total function) semantics of the theories. 1
On local reasoning in verification
 In TACAS
, 2008
"... Abstract. We present a general framework which allows to identify complex theories important in verification for which efficient reasoning methods exist. The framework we present is based on a general notion of locality. We show that locality considerations allow us to obtain parameterized decidabil ..."
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Cited by 22 (9 self)
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Abstract. We present a general framework which allows to identify complex theories important in verification for which efficient reasoning methods exist. The framework we present is based on a general notion of locality. We show that locality considerations allow us to obtain parameterized decidability and complexity results for many (combinations of) theories important in verification in general and in the verification of parametric systems in particular. We give numerous examples; in particular we show that several theories of data structures studied in the verification literature are local extensions of a base theory. The general framework we use allows us to identify situations in which some of the syntactical restrictions imposed in previous papers can be relaxed. 1
Polynomial time uniform word problems
 Mathematical Logic Quarterly
, 1995
"... We have two polynomial time results for the uniform word problem for a quasivariety Q: • The uniform word problem for Q can be solved in polynomial time iff one can find a certain congruence on finite partial algebras in polynomial time. • Let Q? be the relational class determined by Q. If any univ ..."
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Cited by 20 (1 self)
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We have two polynomial time results for the uniform word problem for a quasivariety Q: • The uniform word problem for Q can be solved in polynomial time iff one can find a certain congruence on finite partial algebras in polynomial time. • Let Q? be the relational class determined by Q. If any universal Horn class between the universal closure S(Q?) and the weak embedding closure S̄(Q?) of Q? is finitely axiomatizable then the uniform word problem for Q is solvable in polynomial time. This covers Skolem’s 1920 solution to the uniform word problem for lattices and Evans ’ 1953 applications of the weak embeddability property for finite partial V algebras. 1
From Total Equational to Partial First Order Logic
, 1998
"... The focus of this chapter is the incremental presentation of partial firstorder logic, seen as a powerful framework where the specification of most data types can be directly represented in the most natural way. Both model theory and logical deduction are described in full detail. Alternatives to pa ..."
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Cited by 19 (8 self)
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The focus of this chapter is the incremental presentation of partial firstorder logic, seen as a powerful framework where the specification of most data types can be directly represented in the most natural way. Both model theory and logical deduction are described in full detail. Alternatives to partiality, like (variants of) error algebras and ordersortedness are also discussed, showing their uses and limitations. Moreover, both the total and the partial (positive) conditional fragment are investigated in detail, and in particular the existence of initial (free) models for such restricted logical paradigms is proved. Some more powerful algebraic frameworks are sketched at the end. Equational specifications introduced in last chapter, are a powerful tool to represent the most common data types used in programming languages and their semantics. Indeed, Bergstra and Tucker have shown in a series of papers (see [BT87] for a complete exposition of results) that a data type is semicompu...
Distributed Graph Transformation With Application To Visual Design Of Distributed Systems
 Handbook of Graph Grammars and Computing by Graph Transformation, Volume 3: Concurrency, Parallelism, and Distribution
"... this article, new concepts for visual ..."
Categories of Relational Structures
, 1998
"... . The paper characterises compositional homomorphims of relational structures. A detailed study of three categories of such structures  viewed as multialgebras  reveals the one with the most desirable properties. In addition, we study analogous categories with homomorphisms mapping elements to s ..."
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Cited by 11 (3 self)
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. The paper characterises compositional homomorphims of relational structures. A detailed study of three categories of such structures  viewed as multialgebras  reveals the one with the most desirable properties. In addition, we study analogous categories with homomorphisms mapping elements to sets (thus being relations). Finally, we indicate some consequences of our results for partial algebras which are special case of multialgebras. 1 Introduction In the study of universal algebra, the central place occupies the pair of "dual" notions of congruence and homomorphism: every congruence on an algebra induces a homomorphism into a quotient and every homomorphism induces a congruence on the source algebra. Categorical approach attempts to express all (internal) properties of algebras in (external) terms of homomorphisms. When passing to relational structures, however, the close correspondence of these internal and external aspects seems to get lost. The most common, and natural, gene...
Hierarchical and modular reasoning in complex theories: The case of local theory extensions
 In Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Frontiers of Combining Systems (FroCos 2007), LNCS 4720
, 2007
"... Abstract. We present an overview of results on hierarchical and modular reasoning in complex theories. We show that for a special type of extensions of a base theory, which we call local, hierarchic reasoning is possible (i.e. proof tasks in the extension can be hierarchically reduced to proof tasks ..."
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Cited by 11 (8 self)
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Abstract. We present an overview of results on hierarchical and modular reasoning in complex theories. We show that for a special type of extensions of a base theory, which we call local, hierarchic reasoning is possible (i.e. proof tasks in the extension can be hierarchically reduced to proof tasks w.r.t. the base theory). Many theories important for computer science or mathematics fall into this class (typical examples are theories of data structures, theories of free or monotone functions, but also functions occurring in mathematical analysis). In fact, it is often necessary to consider complex extensions, in which various types of functions or data structures need to be taken into account at the same time. We show how such local theory extensions can be identified and under which conditions locality is preserved when combining theories, and we investigate possibilities of efficient modular reasoning in such theory combinations. We present several examples of application domains where local theories and local theory extensions occur in a natural way. We show, in particular, that various phenomena analyzed in the verification literature can be explained in a unified way using the notion of locality. 1
Partial Horn logic and cartesian categories
 ANNALS OF PURE AND APPLIED LOGIC 145 (3) (2007), PP. 314 353
, 2009
"... A logic is developed in which function symbols are allowed to represent partial functions. It has the usual rules of logic (in the form of a sequent calculus) except that the substitution rule has to be modified. It is developed here in its minimal form, with equality and conjunction, as partial Hor ..."
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Cited by 10 (4 self)
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A logic is developed in which function symbols are allowed to represent partial functions. It has the usual rules of logic (in the form of a sequent calculus) except that the substitution rule has to be modified. It is developed here in its minimal form, with equality and conjunction, as partial Horn logic. Various kinds of logical theory are equivalent: partial Horn theories, quasiequational theories (partial Horn theories without predicate symbols), cartesian theories and essentially algebraic theories. The logic is sound and complete with respect to models in Set, and sound with respect to models in any cartesian (finite limit) category. The simplicity of the quasiequational form allows an easy predicative constructive proof of the free partial model theorem for cartesian theories: that if a theory morphism is given from one cartesian theory to another, then the forgetful (reduct) functor from one model category to the other has a left adjoint. Various examples of quasiequational theory are studied, including those of cartesian categories and of other classes of categories. For each quasiequational theory T another, CartϖT, is constructed, whose models are cartesian categories equipped with models of T. Its initial model, the classifying category for T, has properties similar to those of the syntactic category, but more precise with respect to strict cartesian functors.
The Logic of the Partial λCalculus With Equality
"... We investigate the logical aspects of the partial λcalculus with equality, exploiting an equivalence between partial λtheories and partial cartesian closed categories (pcccs) established here. The partial λcalculus with equality provides a fullblown intuitionistic higher order logic, which in a ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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We investigate the logical aspects of the partial λcalculus with equality, exploiting an equivalence between partial λtheories and partial cartesian closed categories (pcccs) established here. The partial λcalculus with equality provides a fullblown intuitionistic higher order logic, which in a precise sense turns out to be almost the logic of toposes, the distinctive feature of the latter being unique choice. We give a linguistic proof of the generalization of the fundamental theorem of toposes to pcccs with equality; type theoretically, one thus obtains that the partial λcalculus with equality encompasses a MartinLöfstyle dependent type theory. This work forms part of the semantical foundations for the higher order algebraic specification language HasCasl.