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Algorithmic information theory
 IBM JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
, 1977
"... This paper reviews algorithmic information theory, which is an attempt to apply informationtheoretic and probabilistic ideas to recursive function theory. Typical concerns in this approach are, for example, the number of bits of information required to specify an algorithm, or the probability that ..."
Abstract

Cited by 337 (18 self)
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This paper reviews algorithmic information theory, which is an attempt to apply informationtheoretic and probabilistic ideas to recursive function theory. Typical concerns in this approach are, for example, the number of bits of information required to specify an algorithm, or the probability that a program whose bits are chosen by coin flipping produces a given output. During the past few years the definitions of algorithmic information theory have been reformulated. The basic features of the new formalism are presented here and certain results of R. M. Solovay are reported.
Informationtheoretic Limitations of Formal Systems
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1974
"... An attempt is made to apply informationtheoretic computational complexity to metamathematics. The paper studies the number of bits of instructions that must be a given to a computer for it to perform finite and infinite tasks, and also the amount of time that it takes the computer to perform these ..."
Abstract

Cited by 47 (7 self)
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An attempt is made to apply informationtheoretic computational complexity to metamathematics. The paper studies the number of bits of instructions that must be a given to a computer for it to perform finite and infinite tasks, and also the amount of time that it takes the computer to perform these tasks. This is applied to measuring the difficulty of proving a given set of theorems, in terms of the number of bits of axioms that are assumed, and the size of the proofs needed to deduce the theorems from the axioms.
THE COX THEOREM UNKNOWNS AND PLAUSIBLE VALUE
, 2006
"... Abstract. We give a proof of Cox’s Theorem on the product rule and sum rule for conditional plausibility without assuming continuity or differentiablity of plausibility. Instead, we extend the notion of plausibility to apply to unknowns giving them plausible values. 1. ..."
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Abstract. We give a proof of Cox’s Theorem on the product rule and sum rule for conditional plausibility without assuming continuity or differentiablity of plausibility. Instead, we extend the notion of plausibility to apply to unknowns giving them plausible values. 1.
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"... Abstract: This paper reviews algorithmic information theory, which is an attempt to apply informationtheoretic and probabilistic ideas to recursive function theory. Typical concerns in this approach are, for example, the number of bits of information required to specify an algorithm, or the probab ..."
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Abstract: This paper reviews algorithmic information theory, which is an attempt to apply informationtheoretic and probabilistic ideas to recursive function theory. Typical concerns in this approach are, for example, the number of bits of information required to specify an algorithm, or the probability that a program whose bits are chosen by coin flipping produces a given output. During the past few years the definitions of algorithmic information theory have been reformulated. The basic features of the new formalism are presented here and certain results of R. M. Solovay are reported. Historical introduction To our knowledge, the first publication of the ideas of algorithmic information theory was the description of R. J. Solomonoff’s ideas given in 1962 by M. L. Minsky in his paper, “Problems of formulation for artificial intelligence ” [ 11: “Consider a slightly different form of inductive inference problem. Suppose that we are given a very long ‘data ’ sequence of symbols; the problem is to make a prediction about the future of the sequence. This is a