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177
Synchronization and linearity: an algebra for discrete event systems
, 2001
"... The first edition of this book was published in 1992 by Wiley (ISBN 0 471 93609 X). Since this book is now out of print, and to answer the request of several colleagues, the authors have decided to make it available freely on the Web, while retaining the copyright, for the benefit of the scientific ..."
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Cited by 248 (10 self)
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The first edition of this book was published in 1992 by Wiley (ISBN 0 471 93609 X). Since this book is now out of print, and to answer the request of several colleagues, the authors have decided to make it available freely on the Web, while retaining the copyright, for the benefit of the scientific community. Copyright Statement This electronic document is in PDF format. One needs Acrobat Reader (available freely for most platforms from the Adobe web site) to benefit from the full interactive machinery: using the package hyperref by Sebastian Rahtz, the table of contents and all LATEX crossreferences are automatically converted into clickable hyperlinks, bookmarks are generated automatically, etc.. So, do not hesitate to click on references to equation or section numbers, on items of thetableofcontents and of the index, etc.. One may freely use and print this document for one’s own purpose or even distribute it freely, but not commercially, provided it is distributed in its entirety and without modifications, including this preface and copyright statement. Any use of thecontents should be acknowledged according to the standard scientific practice. The
Stability, queue length and delay of deterministic and stochastic queueing networks
 IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
, 1994
"... Motivated by recent development in high speed networks, in this paper we study two types of stability problems: (i) conditions for queueing networks that render bounded queue lengths and bounded delay for customers, and (ii) conditions for queueing networks in which the queue length distribution of ..."
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Cited by 171 (20 self)
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Motivated by recent development in high speed networks, in this paper we study two types of stability problems: (i) conditions for queueing networks that render bounded queue lengths and bounded delay for customers, and (ii) conditions for queueing networks in which the queue length distribution of a queue has an exponential tail with rate `. To answer these two types of stability problems, we introduce two new notions of traffic characterization: minimum envelope rate (MER) and minimum envelope rate with respect to `. Based on these two new notions of traffic characterization, we develop a set of rules for network operations such as superposition, inputoutput relation of a single queue, and routing. Specifically, we show that (i) the MER of a superposition process is less than or equal to the sum of the MER of each process, (ii) a queue is stable in the sense of bounded queue length if the MER of the input traffic is smaller than the capacity, (iii) the MER of a departure process from a stable queue is less than or equal to that of the input process (iv) the MER of a routed process from a departure process is less than or equal to the MER of the departure process multiplied by the MER of the routing process. Similar results hold for MER with respect to ` under a further assumption of independence. These rules provide a natural way to analyze feedforward networks with multiple classes of customers. For single class networks with nonfeedforward routing, we provide a new method to show that similar stability results hold for such networks under the FCFS policy. Moreover, when restricting to the family of twostate Markov modulated arrival processes, the notion of MER with respect to ` is shown to be
Admission Control for Statistical QoS: Theory and Practice
, 1999
"... In networks that support Quality of Service (QoS), an admission control algorithm determines whether or not a new traffic flow can be admitted to the network such that all users will receive their required performance. Such an algorithm is a key component of future multiservice networks as it deter ..."
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Cited by 105 (12 self)
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In networks that support Quality of Service (QoS), an admission control algorithm determines whether or not a new traffic flow can be admitted to the network such that all users will receive their required performance. Such an algorithm is a key component of future multiservice networks as it determines the extent to which network resources are utilized and whether the promised QoS parameters are actually delivered. Our goals in this paper are threefold. First, we describe and classify a broad set of proposed admission control algorithms. Second, we evaluate the accuracy of these algorithms via experiments using both onoff sources and long traces of compressed video; we compare the admissible regions and QoS parameters predicted by our implementations of the algorithms with those obtained from tracedriven simulations. Finally, we identify the key aspects of an admission control algorithm necessary for achieving a high degree of accuracy and hence a high statistical multiplexing gain...
Load Balanced Birkhoffvon Neumann Switches, Part II: Multistage Buffering
, 2001
"... The main objective of this sequel is to solve the outofsequence problem that occurs in the load balanced Birkhoffvon Neumann switch with onestage buffering. We do this by adding a loadbalancing buffer in front of the first stage and a resequencingandoutput buffer after the second stage. Moreo ..."
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Cited by 101 (13 self)
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The main objective of this sequel is to solve the outofsequence problem that occurs in the load balanced Birkhoffvon Neumann switch with onestage buffering. We do this by adding a loadbalancing buffer in front of the first stage and a resequencingandoutput buffer after the second stage. Moreover, packets are distributed at the first stage according to their flows, instead of their arrival times in Part I. In this paper, we consider multicasting ows with two types of scheduling policies: the First Come First Served (FCFS) policy and the Earliest Deadline First (EDF) policy. The FCFS policy requires a jitter control mechanism in front of the second stage to ensure proper ordering of the traffic entering the second stage. For the EDF scheme, there is no need for jitter control. It uses the departure times of the corresponding FCFS outputbuffered switch as deadlines and schedules packets according to their deadlines. For both policies, we show that the endtoend delay through our multistage switch is bounded above by the sum of the delay from the corresponding FCFS outputbuffered switch and a constant that only depends on the size of the switch and the number of multicasting flows supported by the switch.
Asymptotic results for multiplexing subexponential onoff processes
 Advances in Applied Probability
, 1998
"... Consider an aggregate arrival process AN obtained by multiplexing N OnOff processes with exponential Off periods of rate λ and subexponential On periods τon. As N goes to infinity, with λN → Λ, AN approaches an M/G/ ∞ type process. Both for finite and infinite N, we obtain the asymptotic characteri ..."
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Cited by 70 (20 self)
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Consider an aggregate arrival process AN obtained by multiplexing N OnOff processes with exponential Off periods of rate λ and subexponential On periods τon. As N goes to infinity, with λN → Λ, AN approaches an M/G/ ∞ type process. Both for finite and infinite N, we obtain the asymptotic characterization of the arrival process activity period. Using these results we investigate a fluid queue with the limiting M/G/ ∞ arrival process A ∞ t and capacity c. When On periods are regularly varying (with noninteger exponent), we derive a precise asymptotic behavior of the queue length random variable QP t observed at the beginning of the arrival process activity periods P[Q P t +ρ−c> x] ∼ Λr P[τ c−ρ x/(r+ρ−c) on> u]du x → ∞, where ρ = EA ∞ t < c; r (c ≤ r) is the rate at which the fluid is arriving during an On period. The asymptotic (time average) queuedistributionlower boundis obtained undermoregeneral assumptions on On periods than regular variation. In addition, we analyze a queueing system in which one OnOff process, whose On period belongs to a subclass of subexponential distributions, is multiplexed with independent exponential processes with aggregate expected rate Eet. This system is shown to be asymptotically equivalent to the same queueing system with the exponential arrival processes being replaced by their total mean value Eet.
Effective bandwidths: call admission, traffic policing, and filtering for ATM networks
, 1994
"... In this paper we review and extend the effective bandwidth results of Kelly [28], and Kesidis, Walrand and Chang [29, 6]. These results provide a framework for call admission schemes which are sensitive to constraints on the mean delay or the tail distribution of the workload in buffered queues. We ..."
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Cited by 60 (9 self)
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In this paper we review and extend the effective bandwidth results of Kelly [28], and Kesidis, Walrand and Chang [29, 6]. These results provide a framework for call admission schemes which are sensitive to constraints on the mean delay or the tail distribution of the workload in buffered queues. We present results which are valid for a wide variety of traffic streams and discuss their applicability for traffic management in ATM networks. We discuss the impact of traffic policing schemes, such as thresholding and ltering, on the effective bandwidth of sources. Finally we discuss effective bandwidth results for Brownian traffic models for which explicit results reveal the interaction arising in finite buffers.
The Effect of Multiple Time Scales and Subexponentiality on the Behavior of a Broadband Network Multiplexer
, 1996
"... The Effect of Multiple Time Scales and Subexponentiality on the Behavior of a Broadband Network Multiplexer Predrag R. Jelenkovi'c The main theme of this dissertation is the evaluation of the capacity of broadband multimedia network multiplexers. This problem calls for the modeling of network traf ..."
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Cited by 57 (17 self)
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The Effect of Multiple Time Scales and Subexponentiality on the Behavior of a Broadband Network Multiplexer Predrag R. Jelenkovi'c The main theme of this dissertation is the evaluation of the capacity of broadband multimedia network multiplexers. This problem calls for the modeling of network traffic streams and the analysis of a network multiplexer that is loaded with the corresponding models. For modeling we focus on MPEG video traffic streams that are expected to be predominant in the traffic mixture of future multimedia networks. We experimentally demonstrate that realtime MPEG video traffic exhibits multiple time scale characteristics, as well as subexponential first and second order statistics. Then we construct a model of MPEG video that captures both of these characteristics and accurately predicts queueing behavior for a broad range of buffer and capacity sizes. Depending on whether a network multiplexer (loaded with MPEG) is strictly or weakly stable the dominant effect o...
Decoupling bandwidths for networks: A decomposition approach to resource management for networks
 In Proceedings of INFOCOM’94, IEEE
, 1994
"... We consider large buffer asymptotics for feedforward networks of discretetime queues with deterministic service rate shared by multiple classes of streams subject to work conserving service policies. First we review the concept of effective bandwidths for traffic streams sharing a common buffer su ..."
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Cited by 57 (3 self)
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We consider large buffer asymptotics for feedforward networks of discretetime queues with deterministic service rate shared by multiple classes of streams subject to work conserving service policies. First we review the concept of effective bandwidths for traffic streams sharing a common buffer subject to subject to tail constraints on the workload distribution. Next, we obtain the effective bandwidth of the departure process from such a queue, proving that in fact the effective bandwidth of the output is at worst equal to that of the input, and depending on the service rate, strictly less than that of the input. We then define the notion of a decoupling bandwidth and the associated constraints, guaranteeing that asymptotics within the network are decoupled. These results provide a framework for call admission schemes which are sensitive to constraints on the tail distribution of the workload or approximate cell loss probabilities. Our results require relatively weak assumptions on both the traffic streams and service policies. We consider the problem of “optimal ” traffic shaping (via buffering) subject to a loss constraint. Finally, we discuss our results in the context of resource management for ATM networks. 1
Largest Weighted Delay First Scheduling: Large Deviations and Optimality,“ to appear
 Annals of Appl. Prob
"... We consider a single server system with N input flows. We assume that each flow has stationary increments and satisfies a sample path large deviation principle, and that the system is stable. We introduce the largest weighted delay first (LWDF) queueing discipline associated with any given weight ve ..."
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Cited by 54 (4 self)
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We consider a single server system with N input flows. We assume that each flow has stationary increments and satisfies a sample path large deviation principle, and that the system is stable. We introduce the largest weighted delay first (LWDF) queueing discipline associated with any given weight vector α =�α1�����αN�. We show that under the LWDF discipline the sequence of scaled stationary distributions of the delay ˆw i of each flow satisfies a large deviation principle with the rate function given by a finitedimensional optimization problem. We also prove that the LWDF discipline is optimal in the sense that it maximizes the quantity −1 min αi lim i=1 � ��� � N n→ ∞ n log P � ˆw] i>n � � within a large class of work conserving disciplines. 1. Introduction.
InterClass Resource Sharing using Statistical Service Envelopes
 In Proceedings of IEEE Infocom '99
, 1999
"... Networks that support multiple services through "linksharing" must address the fundamental conflicting requirement between isolation among service classes to satisfy each class' quality of service requirements, and statistical sharing of resources for efficient network utilization. While a number ..."
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Cited by 52 (12 self)
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Networks that support multiple services through "linksharing" must address the fundamental conflicting requirement between isolation among service classes to satisfy each class' quality of service requirements, and statistical sharing of resources for efficient network utilization. While a number of service disciplines have been devised which provide mechanisms to both isolate flows and fairly share excess capacity, admission control algorithms are needed which exploit the effects of interclass resource sharing. In this paper, we develop a framework of using statistical service envelopes to study interclass statistical resource sharing. We show how this service envelope enables a class to overbook resources beyond its deterministically guaranteed capacity by statistically characterizing the excess service available due to fluctuating demands of other service classes. We apply our techniques to several multiclass schedulers, including Generalized Processor Sharing, and des...