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Strategic Pattern Matching
 Rewriting Techniques and Applications (RTA'99
, 1999
"... Stratego is a language for the specification of transformation rules and strategies for applying them. The basic actions of transformations are matching and building instantiations of firstorder term patterns. The language supports concise formulation of generic and data typespecific term traversa ..."
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Cited by 34 (7 self)
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Stratego is a language for the specification of transformation rules and strategies for applying them. The basic actions of transformations are matching and building instantiations of firstorder term patterns. The language supports concise formulation of generic and data typespecific term traversals. One of the unusual features of Stratego is the separation of scope from matching, allowing sharing of variables through traversals. The combination of firstorder patterns with strategies forms an expressive formalism for pattern matching. In this paper we discuss three examples of strategic pattern matching: (1) Contextual rules allow matching and replacement of a pattern at an arbitrary depth of a subterm of the root pattern. (2) Recursive patterns can be used to characterize concisely the structure of languages that form a restriction of a larger language. (3) Overlays serve to hide the representation of a language in another (more generic) language. These techniques are illustrated by...
Matching Power
 Proceedings of RTA’2001, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Utrecht (The Netherlands
, 2001
"... www.loria.fr/{~cirstea,~ckirchne,~lliquori} Abstract. In this paper we give a simple and uniform presentation of the rewriting calculus, also called Rho Calculus. In addition to its simplicity, this formulation explicitly allows us to encode complex structures such as lists, sets, and objects. We pr ..."
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Cited by 30 (20 self)
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www.loria.fr/{~cirstea,~ckirchne,~lliquori} Abstract. In this paper we give a simple and uniform presentation of the rewriting calculus, also called Rho Calculus. In addition to its simplicity, this formulation explicitly allows us to encode complex structures such as lists, sets, and objects. We provide extensive examples of the calculus, and we focus on its ability to represent some object oriented calculi, namely the Lambda Calculus of Objects of Fisher, Honsell, and Mitchell, and the Object Calculus of Abadi and Cardelli. Furthermore, the calculus allows us to get object oriented constructions unreachable in other calculi. In summa, we intend to show that because of its matching ability, the Rho Calculus represents a lingua franca to naturally encode many paradigms of computations. This enlightens the capabilities of the rewriting calculus based language ELAN to be used as a logical as well as powerful semantical framework. 1
Typed generic traversal with term rewriting strategies
, 2002
"... A typed model of strategic term rewriting is developed. The key innovation is that generic. The calculus traversal is covered. To this end, we define a typed rewriting calculus S ′ γ employs a manysorted type system extended by designated generic strategy types γ. We consider two generic strategy t ..."
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Cited by 25 (8 self)
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A typed model of strategic term rewriting is developed. The key innovation is that generic. The calculus traversal is covered. To this end, we define a typed rewriting calculus S ′ γ employs a manysorted type system extended by designated generic strategy types γ. We consider two generic strategy types, namely the types of typepreserving and typeunifying strategies. S ′ γ offers traversal combinators to construct traversals or schemes thereof from manysorted and generic strategies. The traversal combinators model different forms of onestep traversal, that is, they process the immediate subterms of a given term without anticipating any scheme of recursion into terms. To inhabit generic types, we need to add a fundamental combinator to lift a manysorted strategy s to a generic type γ. This step is called strategy extension. The semantics of the corresponding combinator states that s is only applied if the type of the term at hand fits, otherwise the extended strategy fails. This approach dictates that the semantics of strategy application must be typedependent to a certain extent. Typed strategic term rewriting with coverage of generic term traversal is a simple but expressive model of generic programming. It has applications in program
Warm Fusion in Stratego: A Case Study in Generation of Program Transformation Systems
, 2000
"... Stratego is a domainspecic language for the specication of program transformation systems. The design of Stratego is based on the paradigm of rewriting strategies: userdenable programs in a little language of strategy operators determine where and in what order transformation rules are (automat ..."
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Cited by 23 (13 self)
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Stratego is a domainspecic language for the specication of program transformation systems. The design of Stratego is based on the paradigm of rewriting strategies: userdenable programs in a little language of strategy operators determine where and in what order transformation rules are (automatically) applied to a program. The separation of rules and strategies supports modularity of specications. Stratego also provides generic features for specication of program traversals. In this paper we present a case study of Stratego as applied to a nontrivial problem in program transformation. We demonstrate the use of Stratego in eliminating intermediate data structures from (also known as deforesting) functional programs via the warm fusion algorithm of Launchbury and Sheard. This algorithm has been specied in Stratego and embedded in a fully automatic transformation system for kernel Haskell. The entire system consists of about 2600 lines of specication code, which bre...
The Stratego Tutorial
 Institute of Information and Computing Sciences, Universiteit
, 2000
"... Stratego is a language for the specification of transformation rules and... ..."
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Cited by 6 (2 self)
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Stratego is a language for the specification of transformation rules and...
The Stratego Reference Manual
 Utrecht University
, 2000
"... ING FROM PATTERNS WITH OVERLAYS 37 Section: Rules module StrategoOverlays exports %%sorts Overlay contextfree syntax Identifier ("(" {Identifier ","}* ")")? "=" Term > Overlay {cons("Overlay")} Figure 21: Syntax of overlays 38 Section: Connecting CONNECTING TO THE WORLD THROUGH PRIMITIVES 39 S ..."
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Cited by 5 (3 self)
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ING FROM PATTERNS WITH OVERLAYS 37 Section: Rules module StrategoOverlays exports %%sorts Overlay contextfree syntax Identifier ("(" {Identifier ","}* ")")? "=" Term > Overlay {cons("Overlay")} Figure 21: Syntax of overlays 38 Section: Connecting CONNECTING TO THE WORLD THROUGH PRIMITIVES 39 Section: Connecting module StrategoPrimitives.sdf exports contextfree syntax "prim" "(" String ")" > Strat Figure 22: Syntax of primitives 40 Section: Related Work REFERENCES TO RELATED WORK The application of Stratego is described in several publications. 41 Section: Related Work BIBLIOGRAPHY ...
From Syntactic Theories to Interpreters: A Specification Language and Its Compilation
 In Nachum Dershowitz and Claude Kirchner, editors, Informal proceedings of the First International Workshop on RuleBased Programming (RULE 2000
, 2000
"... . Recent years have seen an increasing need of highlevel speci cation languages and tools generating code from specications. In this paper, we introduce a specication language, SL, which is tailored to the writing of syntactic theories of language semantics. More speci cally, the language supports ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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. Recent years have seen an increasing need of highlevel speci cation languages and tools generating code from specications. In this paper, we introduce a specication language, SL, which is tailored to the writing of syntactic theories of language semantics. More speci cally, the language supports specifying primitive notions such as dynamic constraints, contexts, axioms, and inference rules. We also introduce a system which generates interpreters from SL specications. A prototype system is implemented and has been tested on a number of examples, including a syntactic theory for Verilog. 1 Introduction Syntactic theories have been developed to reason about many aspects of modern programming languages[AB97, AFM + 95, LS97, SS99, FLS99]. Having roots in the calculus, these theories rely on transforming source programs to other source programs. Only the syntax of the programming language is relevant. Experience shows that the development of such theories is errorprone. In orde...
Generic typepreserving traversal strategies
 PROC. INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON REDUCTION STRATEGIES IN REWRITING AND PROGRAMMING (WRS 2001), VOLUME SPUPV 2359
, 2001
"... A typed model of strategic rewriting with coverage of generic traversals is developed. The corresponding calculus offers, for example, a strategy operator 2 (), which applies the argument strategy to all immediate subterms. To provide a typeful model for generic strategies, one has to identify signa ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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A typed model of strategic rewriting with coverage of generic traversals is developed. The corresponding calculus offers, for example, a strategy operator 2 (), which applies the argument strategy to all immediate subterms. To provide a typeful model for generic strategies, one has to identify signatureindependent, that is, generic types. In the present article, we restrict ourselves to TP  the generic type of all TypePreserving strategies. TP is easily integrated into a standard manysorted type system for rewriting. To inhabit TP, we need to introduce a (leftbiased) typedriven choice operator & ,. The operator applies its left argument (corresponding to a manysorted strategy) if the type of the given term ts, and the operator resorts to the right argument (corresponding to a generic default) otherwise. This approach dictates that the semantics of strategy application must be typedependent to a certain extent.
Development of an industrial strength grammar for VDM
, 2005
"... This report describes the development of an industrial strength grammar for the VDM specification language. We present both the development process and its result. The employed methodology can be described as iterative grammar engineering and includes the application of techniques such as grammar me ..."
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Cited by 3 (3 self)
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This report describes the development of an industrial strength grammar for the VDM specification language. We present both the development process and its result. The employed methodology can be described as iterative grammar engineering and includes the application of techniques such as grammar metrication, unit testing, and test coverage analysis. The result is a VDM grammar of industrial strength, in the sense that it is welltested, it can be used for fast parsing of high volumes of VDM specifications, and it allows automatic generation of support for syntax tree representation, traversal, and interchange. 2 Development of an Industrial Strength Grammar for VDM 1