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Speculation Duopoly with Agreement to Disagree: Can Overconfidence Survive the Market Test?
 Journal of Finance
, 1997
"... In a duopoly model of informed speculation, we show that overconfidence may strictly dominate rationality since an overconfident trader may not only generate higher expected profit and utility than his rational opponent, but also higher than if he were also rational. This occurs because overconfiden ..."
Abstract

Cited by 106 (1 self)
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In a duopoly model of informed speculation, we show that overconfidence may strictly dominate rationality since an overconfident trader may not only generate higher expected profit and utility than his rational opponent, but also higher than if he were also rational. This occurs because overconfidence acts like a commitment device in a standard Cournot duopoly. As a result, for some parameter values the Nash equilibrium of a twofund game is a Prisoner's Dilemma in which both funds hire overconfident managers. Thus, overconfidence can persist and survive in the long run. 2 The rational expectations hypothesis implies that economic agents make decisions as though they know a correct probability distribution of the underlying uncertainty. According to the traditional view (Alchian (1950) and Friedman (1953)), the rational expectations hypothesis is empirically plausible because rational beliefs are better able to survive the market test than irrational beliefs. Yet, the empirical liter...
Evolutionary Game Dynamics in Finite Populations
, 2004
"... We introduce a model of stochastic evolutionary game dynamics in finite populations which is similar to the familiar replicator dynamics for infinite populations. Our focus is on the conditions for selection favoring the invasion and/or fixation of new phenotypes. For infinite populations, there are ..."
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Cited by 48 (12 self)
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We introduce a model of stochastic evolutionary game dynamics in finite populations which is similar to the familiar replicator dynamics for infinite populations. Our focus is on the conditions for selection favoring the invasion and/or fixation of new phenotypes. For infinite populations, there are three generic selection scenarios describing evolutionary game dynamics among two strategies. For finite populations, there are eight selection scenarios. For a fixed payoff matrix a number of these scenarios can occur for different population sizes. We discuss several examples with unexpected behavior.