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38
PSPACE bounds for rank 1 modal logics
 IN LICS’06
, 2006
"... For lack of general algorithmic methods that apply to wide classes of logics, establishing a complexity bound for a given modal logic is often a laborious task. The present work is a step towards a general theory of the complexity of modal logics. Our main result is that all rank1 logics enjoy a sh ..."
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Cited by 25 (15 self)
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For lack of general algorithmic methods that apply to wide classes of logics, establishing a complexity bound for a given modal logic is often a laborious task. The present work is a step towards a general theory of the complexity of modal logics. Our main result is that all rank1 logics enjoy a shallow model property and thus are, under mild assumptions on the format of their axiomatisation, in PSPACE. This leads to a unified derivation of tight PSPACEbounds for a number of logics including K, KD, coalition logic, graded modal logic, majority logic, and probabilistic modal logic. Our generic algorithm moreover finds tableau proofs that witness pleasant prooftheoretic properties including a weak subformula property. This generality is made possible by a coalgebraic semantics, which conveniently abstracts from the details of a given model class and thus allows covering a broad range of logics in a uniform way.
A Finite Model Construction For Coalgebraic Modal Logic
"... In recent years, a tight connection has emerged between modal logic on the one hand and coalgebras, understood as generic transition systems, on the other hand. Here, we prove that (finitary) coalgebraic modal logic has the finite model property. This fact not only reproves known completeness result ..."
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Cited by 24 (16 self)
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In recent years, a tight connection has emerged between modal logic on the one hand and coalgebras, understood as generic transition systems, on the other hand. Here, we prove that (finitary) coalgebraic modal logic has the finite model property. This fact not only reproves known completeness results for coalgebraic modal logic, which we push further by establishing that every coalgebraic modal logic admits a complete axiomatization of rank 1; it also enables us to establish a generic decidability result and a first complexity bound. Examples covered by these general results include, besides standard HennessyMilner logic, graded modal logic and probabilistic modal logic.
Modular algorithms for heterogeneous modal logics
 IN AUTOMATA, LANGUAGES AND PROGRAMMING, ICALP 07, VOL. 4596 OF LNCS
, 2007
"... Statebased systems and modal logics for reasoning about them often heterogeneously combine a number of features such as nondeterminism and probabilities. Here, we show that the combination of features can be reflected algorithmically and develop modular decision procedures for heterogeneous modal ..."
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Cited by 16 (11 self)
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Statebased systems and modal logics for reasoning about them often heterogeneously combine a number of features such as nondeterminism and probabilities. Here, we show that the combination of features can be reflected algorithmically and develop modular decision procedures for heterogeneous modal logics. The modularity is achieved by formalising the underlying statebased systems as multisorted coalgebras and associating both a logical and an algorithmic description to a number of basic building blocks. Our main result is that logics arising as combinations of these building blocks can be decided in polynomial space provided that this is the case for the components. By instantiating the general framework to concrete cases, we obtain PSPACE decision procedures for a wide variety of structurally different logics, describing e.g. Segala systems and games with uncertain information.
Rank1 modal logics are coalgebraic
 IN STACS 2007, 24TH ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM ON THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE, PROCEEDINGS
, 2007
"... Coalgebras provide a unifying semantic framework for a wide variety of modal logics. It has previously been shown that the class of coalgebras for an endofunctor can always be axiomatised in rank 1. Here we establish the converse, i.e. every rank 1 modal logic has a sound and strongly complete coal ..."
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Cited by 14 (11 self)
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Coalgebras provide a unifying semantic framework for a wide variety of modal logics. It has previously been shown that the class of coalgebras for an endofunctor can always be axiomatised in rank 1. Here we establish the converse, i.e. every rank 1 modal logic has a sound and strongly complete coalgebraic semantics. As a consequence, recent results on coalgebraic modal logic, in particular generic decision procedures and upper complexity bounds, become applicable to arbitrary rank 1 modal logics, without regard to their semantic status; we thus obtain purely syntactic versions of these results. As an extended example, we apply our framework to recently defined deontic logics.
Coalgebraic modal logic beyond Sets
 In MFPS XXIII
, 2007
"... Replace this file with prentcsmacro.sty for your meeting, or with entcsmacro.sty for your meeting. Both can be ..."
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Cited by 10 (3 self)
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Replace this file with prentcsmacro.sty for your meeting, or with entcsmacro.sty for your meeting. Both can be
Bialgebraic Methods and Modal Logic in Structural Operational Semantics
 Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science
, 2007
"... Bialgebraic semantics, invented a decade ago by Turi and Plotkin, is an approach to formal reasoning about wellbehaved structural operational semantics (SOS). An extension of algebraic and coalgebraic methods, it abstracts from concrete notions of syntax and system behaviour, thus treating various ..."
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Cited by 9 (3 self)
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Bialgebraic semantics, invented a decade ago by Turi and Plotkin, is an approach to formal reasoning about wellbehaved structural operational semantics (SOS). An extension of algebraic and coalgebraic methods, it abstracts from concrete notions of syntax and system behaviour, thus treating various kinds of operational descriptions in a uniform fashion. In this paper, bialgebraic semantics is combined with a coalgebraic approach to modal logic in a novel, general approach to proving the compositionality of process equivalences for languages defined by structural operational semantics. To prove compositionality, one provides a notion of behaviour for logical formulas, and defines an SOSlike specification of modal operators which reflects the original SOS specification of the language. This approach can be used to define SOS congruence formats as well as to prove compositionality for specific languages and equivalences. Key words: structural operational semantics, coalgebra, bialgebra, modal logic, congruence format 1
Generalizing the powerset construction, coalgebraically
, 2010
"... Coalgebra is an abstract framework for the uniform study of different kinds of dynamical systems. An endofunctor F determines both the type of systems (Fcoalgebras) and a notion of behavioral equivalence (∼F) amongst them. Many types of transition systems and their equivalences can be captured by a ..."
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Cited by 8 (5 self)
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Coalgebra is an abstract framework for the uniform study of different kinds of dynamical systems. An endofunctor F determines both the type of systems (Fcoalgebras) and a notion of behavioral equivalence (∼F) amongst them. Many types of transition systems and their equivalences can be captured by a functor F. For example, for deterministic automata the derived equivalence is language equivalence, while for nondeterministic automata it is ordinary bisimilarity. The powerset construction is a standard method for converting a nondeterministic automaton into an equivalent deterministic one as far as language is concerned. In this paper, we lift the powerset construction on automata to the more general framework of coalgebras with structured state spaces. Examples of applications include partial Mealy machines, (structured) Moore automata, and Rabin probabilistic automata.
The least fibred lifting and the expressivity of coalgebraic modal logic
 In Proc. CALCO 2005, volume 3629 of LNCS
, 2005
"... and relationpreserving functions. In this paper, the least (fibrewise) of such liftings, L(B), is characterized for essentially any B. The lifting has all the useful properties of the relation lifting due to Jacobs, without the usual assumption of weak pullback preservation; if B preserves weak pu ..."
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Cited by 8 (1 self)
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and relationpreserving functions. In this paper, the least (fibrewise) of such liftings, L(B), is characterized for essentially any B. The lifting has all the useful properties of the relation lifting due to Jacobs, without the usual assumption of weak pullback preservation; if B preserves weak pullbacks, the two liftings coincide. Equivalence relations can be viewed as Boolean algebras of subsets (predicates, tests). This correspondence relates L(B) to the least test suite lifting T (B), which is defined in the spirit of predicate lifting as used in coalgebraic modal logic. Properties of T (B) translate to a general expressivity result for a modal logic for Bcoalgebras. In the resulting logic, modal operators of any arity can appear. 1
NEIGHBOURHOOD STRUCTURES: BISIMILARITY AND BASIC MODEL THEORY
, 2009
"... Neighbourhood structures are the standard semantic tool used to reason about nonnormal modal logics. The logic of all neighbourhood models is called classical modal logic. In coalgebraic terms, a neighbourhood frame is a coalgebra for the contravariant powerset functor composed with itself, denote ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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Neighbourhood structures are the standard semantic tool used to reason about nonnormal modal logics. The logic of all neighbourhood models is called classical modal logic. In coalgebraic terms, a neighbourhood frame is a coalgebra for the contravariant powerset functor composed with itself, denoted by 2 2. We use this coalgebraic modelling to derive notions of equivalence between neighbourhood structures. 2 2bisimilarity and behavioural equivalence are well known coalgebraic concepts, and they are distinct, since 2 2 does not preserve weak pullbacks. We introduce a third, intermediate notion whose witnessing relations we call precocongruences (based on pushouts). We give backandforth style characterisations for 2 2bisimulations and precocongruences, we show that on a single coalgebra, precocongruences capture behavioural equivalence, and that between neighbourhood structures, precocongruences are a better approximation of behavioural equivalence than 2 2bisimulations. We also introduce a notion of modal saturation for neighbourhood models, and investigate its relationship with definability and imagefiniteness. We prove a HennessyMilner theorem for modally saturated and for imagefinite neighbourhood models. Our main results are an analogue of Van Benthem’s characterisation theorem and a modeltheoretic proof of Craig interpolation for classical modal logic.
ON MINIMAL COALGEBRAS
"... Abstract. We define an outdegree for Fcoalgebras and show that the coalgebras of outdegree at most κ form a covariety. As a subcategory of all Fcoalgebras, this class has a terminal object, which for many problems can stand in for the terminal Fcoalgebra, which need not exist in general. As exam ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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Abstract. We define an outdegree for Fcoalgebras and show that the coalgebras of outdegree at most κ form a covariety. As a subcategory of all Fcoalgebras, this class has a terminal object, which for many problems can stand in for the terminal Fcoalgebra, which need not exist in general. As examples, we derive structure theoretic results about minimal coalgebras, showing that, for instance minimization of coalgebras is functorial, that products of finitely many minimal coalgebras exist and are given by their largest common subcoalgebra, that minimal subcoalgebras have no inner endomorphisms and show how minimal subcoalgebras can be constructed from Mooreautomata. Since the elements of minimal subcoalgebras must correspond uniquely to the formulae of any logic characterizing observational equivalence, we give in the last section a straightforward and selfcontained account of the coalgebraic logic of D. Pattinson and L. Schröder, which we believe is simpler and more direct than the original exposition. For every automaton A there exists a minimal automaton ∇(A), which displays