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25
Scaling limit for the spacetime covariance of the stationary totally asymmetric simple exclusion process
 Comm. Math. Phys
"... The totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) on the onedimensional lattice with the Bernoulli ρ measure as initial conditions, 0 < ρ < 1, is stationary in space and time. Let Nt(j) be the number of particles which have crossed the bond from j to j + 1 during the time span [0,t]. For j = ..."
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Cited by 38 (10 self)
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The totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) on the onedimensional lattice with the Bernoulli ρ measure as initial conditions, 0 < ρ < 1, is stationary in space and time. Let Nt(j) be the number of particles which have crossed the bond from j to j + 1 during the time span [0,t]. For j = (1 − 2ρ)t + 2w(ρ(1 − ρ)) 1/3 t 2/3 we prove that the fluctuations of Nt(j) for large t are of order t 1/3 and we determine the limiting distribution function Fw(s), which is a generalization of the GUE TracyWidom distribution. The family Fw(s) of distribution functions have been obtained before by Baik and Rains in the context of the PNG model with boundary sources, which requires the asymptotics of a RiemannHilbert problem. In our work we arrive at Fw(s) through the asymptotics of a Fredholm determinant. Fw(s) is simply related to the scaling function for the spacetime covariance of the stationary TASEP, equivalently to the asymptotic transition
Fluctuations of the onedimensional polynuclear growth model in half space
 J. STAT. PHYS
, 2004
"... We consider the multipoint equal time height fluctuations of a onedimensional polynuclear growth model in a half space. For special values of the nucleation rate at the origin, the multilayer version of the model is reduced to a determinantal process, for which the asymptotics can be analyzed. In ..."
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Cited by 31 (9 self)
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We consider the multipoint equal time height fluctuations of a onedimensional polynuclear growth model in a half space. For special values of the nucleation rate at the origin, the multilayer version of the model is reduced to a determinantal process, for which the asymptotics can be analyzed. In the scaling limit, the fluctuations near the origin are shown to be equivalent to those of the largest eigenvalue of the orthogonal/symplectic to unitary transition ensemble at soft edge in random matrix theory.
Onedimensional stochastic growth and Gaussian . . .
, 2005
"... In this review paper we consider the polynuclear growth (PNG) model in one spatial dimension and its relation to random matrix ensembles. For curved and flat growth the scaling functions of the surface fluctuations coincide with limit distribution functions coming from certain Gaussian ensembles of ..."
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Cited by 16 (8 self)
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In this review paper we consider the polynuclear growth (PNG) model in one spatial dimension and its relation to random matrix ensembles. For curved and flat growth the scaling functions of the surface fluctuations coincide with limit distribution functions coming from certain Gaussian ensembles of random matrices. This connection can be explained via point processes associated to the PNG model and the random matrices ensemble by an extension to the multilayer PNG and multimatrix models, respectively. We also discuss other models which are equivalent to the PNG model: directed polymers, the longest increasing subsequence problem, Young tableaux, a directed percolation model, kinkantikink gas, and Hammersley process.
ON THE NUMERICAL EVALUATION OF FREDHOLM DETERMINANTS
, 804
"... Abstract. Some significant quantities in mathematics and physics are most naturally expressed as the Fredholm determinant of an integral operator, most notably many of the distribution functions in random matrix theory. Though their numerical values are of interest, there is no systematic numerical ..."
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Cited by 10 (5 self)
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Abstract. Some significant quantities in mathematics and physics are most naturally expressed as the Fredholm determinant of an integral operator, most notably many of the distribution functions in random matrix theory. Though their numerical values are of interest, there is no systematic numerical treatment of Fredholm determinants to be found in the literature. Instead, the few numerical evaluations that are available rely on eigenfunction expansions of the operator, if expressible in terms of special functions, or on alternative, numerically more straightforwardly accessible analytic expressions, e.g., in terms of Painlevé transcendents, that have masterfully been derived in some cases. In this paper we close the gap in the literature by studying projection methods and, above all, a simple, easily implementable, general method for the numerical evaluation of Fredholm determinants that is derived from the classical Nyström method for the solution of Fredholm equations of the second kind. Using Gauss–Legendre or Clenshaw– Curtis as the underlying quadrature rule, we prove that the approximation error essentially behaves like the quadrature error for the sections of the kernel. In particular, we get exponential convergence for analytic kernels, which are typical in random matrix theory. The application of the method to the distribution functions of the Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE), in the bulk and the edge scaling limit, is discussed in detail. After extending the method to systems of integral operators, we evaluate the twopoint correlation functions of the more recently studied Airy and Airy 1 processes. Key words. Fredholm determinant, Nyström’s method, projection method, trace class operators, random
Growth models, random matrices and Painlevé transcendents
 Nonlinearity
"... The Hammersley process relates to the statistical properties of the maximum length of all up/right paths connecting random points of a given density in the unit square from (0,0) to (1,1). This process can also be interpreted in terms of the height of the polynuclear growth model, or the length of t ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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The Hammersley process relates to the statistical properties of the maximum length of all up/right paths connecting random points of a given density in the unit square from (0,0) to (1,1). This process can also be interpreted in terms of the height of the polynuclear growth model, or the length of the longest increasing subsequence in a random permutation. The cumulative distribution of the longest path length can be written in terms of an average over the unitary group. Versions of the Hammersley process in which the points are constrained to have certain symmetries of the square allow similar formulas. The derivation of these formulas is reviewed. Generalizing the original model to have point sources along two boundaries of the square, and appropriately scaling the parameters gives a model in the KPZ universality class. Following works of Baik and Rains, and Prähofer and Spohn, we review the calculation of the scaled cumulative distribution, in which a particular Painlevé II transcendent plays a prominent role. 1
Discrete Painlevé equations and random matrix averages, Preprint mathph/0304020
, 2003
"... The τfunction theory of Painlevé systems is used to derive recurrences in the rank n of certain random matrix averages over U(n). These recurrences involve auxilary quantities which satisfy discrete Painlevé equations. The random matrix averages include cases which can be interpreted as eigenvalue ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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The τfunction theory of Painlevé systems is used to derive recurrences in the rank n of certain random matrix averages over U(n). These recurrences involve auxilary quantities which satisfy discrete Painlevé equations. The random matrix averages include cases which can be interpreted as eigenvalue distributions at the hard edge and in the bulk of matrix ensembles with unitary symmetry. The recurrences are illustrated by computing the value of a sequence of these distributions as n varies, and demonstrating convergence to the value of the appropriate limiting distribution. 1
On the Numerical Evaluation of Distributions in Random Matrix Theory: A Review
, 2010
"... Abstract. In this paper we review and compare the numerical evaluation of those probability distributions in random matrix theory that are analytically represented in terms of Painlevé transcendents or Fredholm determinants. Concrete examples for the Gaussian and Laguerre (Wishart) βensembles and t ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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Abstract. In this paper we review and compare the numerical evaluation of those probability distributions in random matrix theory that are analytically represented in terms of Painlevé transcendents or Fredholm determinants. Concrete examples for the Gaussian and Laguerre (Wishart) βensembles and their various scaling limits are discussed. We argue that the numerical approximation of Fredholm determinants is the conceptually more simple and efficient of the two approaches, easily generalized to the computation of joint probabilities and correlations. Having the means for extensive numerical explorations at hand, we discovered new and surprising determinantal formulae for the kth largest (or smallest) level in the edge scaling limits of the Orthogonal and Symplectic Ensembles; formulae that in turn led to improved numerical evaluations. The paper comes with a toolbox of Matlab functions that facilitates further mathematical experiments by the reader.
Slow decorrelations in KPZ growth
, 2008
"... For stochastic growth models in the KardarParisiZhang (KPZ) class in 1 + 1 dimensions, fluctuations grow as t 1/3 during time t and the correlation length at a fixed time scales as t 2/3. In this note we discuss the scale of time correlations. For a representant of the KPZ class, the polynuclear g ..."
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Cited by 4 (3 self)
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For stochastic growth models in the KardarParisiZhang (KPZ) class in 1 + 1 dimensions, fluctuations grow as t 1/3 during time t and the correlation length at a fixed time scales as t 2/3. In this note we discuss the scale of time correlations. For a representant of the KPZ class, the polynuclear growth model, we show that the spacetime is nontrivially fibred, having slow directions with decorrelation exponent equal to 1 instead of the usual 2/3. These directions are the characteristic curves of the PDE associated to the surface’s slope. As a consequence, previously proven results for spacelike paths will hold in the whole spacetime except along the slow curves. 1
Stochastic growth in one dimension and Gaussian multimatrix models
, 2003
"... We discuss the spacetime determinantal random field which arises for the PNG model in one dimension and resembles the one for Dyson’s Brownian motion. The information of interest for growth processes is carried by the edge statistics of the random field and therefore their universal scaling is rela ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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We discuss the spacetime determinantal random field which arises for the PNG model in one dimension and resembles the one for Dyson’s Brownian motion. The information of interest for growth processes is carried by the edge statistics of the random field and therefore their universal scaling is related to the edge properties of Gaussian multimatrix models.