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Relations in Concurrency
"... The theme of this paper is profunctors, and their centrality and ubiquity in understanding concurrent computation. Profunctors (a.k.a. distributors, or bimodules) are a generalisation of relations to categories. Here they are first presented and motivated via spans of event structures, and the seman ..."
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Cited by 263 (33 self)
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The theme of this paper is profunctors, and their centrality and ubiquity in understanding concurrent computation. Profunctors (a.k.a. distributors, or bimodules) are a generalisation of relations to categories. Here they are first presented and motivated via spans of event structures, and the semantics of nondeterministic dataflow. Profunctors are shown to play a key role in relating models for concurrency and to support an interpretation as higherorder processes (where input and output may be processes). Two recent directions of research are described. One is concerned with a language and computational interpretation for profunctors. This addresses the duality between input and output in profunctors. The other is to investigate general spans of event structures (the spans can be viewed as special profunctors) to give causal semantics to higherorder processes. For this it is useful to generalise event structures to allow events which “persist.”
The Tile Model
 PROOF, LANGUAGE AND INTERACTION: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF ROBIN MILNER
, 1996
"... In this paper we introduce a model for a wide class of computational systems, whose behaviour can be described by certain rewriting rules. We gathered our inspiration both from the world of term rewriting, in particular from the rewriting logic framework [Mes92], and of concurrency theory: among the ..."
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Cited by 65 (24 self)
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In this paper we introduce a model for a wide class of computational systems, whose behaviour can be described by certain rewriting rules. We gathered our inspiration both from the world of term rewriting, in particular from the rewriting logic framework [Mes92], and of concurrency theory: among the others, the structured operational semantics [Plo81], the context systems [LX90] and the structured transition systems [CM92] approaches. Our model recollects many properties of these sources: first, it provides a compositional way to describe both the states and the sequences of transitions performed by a given system, stressing their distributed nature. Second, a suitable notion of typed proof allows to take into account also those formalisms relying on the notions of synchronization and sideeffects to determine the actual behaviour of a system. Finally, an equivalence relation over sequences of transitions is defined, equipping the system under analysis with a concurrent semantics, ...
Process and Term Tile Logic
, 1998
"... In a similar way as 2categories can be regarded as a special case of double categories, rewriting logic (in the unconditional case) can be embedded into the more general tile logic, where also sideeffects and rewriting synchronization are considered. Since rewriting logic is the semantic basis o ..."
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Cited by 33 (25 self)
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In a similar way as 2categories can be regarded as a special case of double categories, rewriting logic (in the unconditional case) can be embedded into the more general tile logic, where also sideeffects and rewriting synchronization are considered. Since rewriting logic is the semantic basis of several language implementation efforts, it is useful to map tile logic back into rewriting logic in a conservative way, to obtain executable specifications of tile systems. We extend the results of earlier work by two of the authors, focusing on some interesting cases where the mathematical structures representing configurations (i.e., states) and effects (i.e., observable actions) are very similar, in the sense that they have in common some auxiliary structure (e.g., for tupling, projecting, etc.). In particular, we give in full detail the descriptions of two such cases where (net) processlike and usual term structures are employed. Corresponding to these two cases, we introduce two ca...
Relaxed memory models: an operational approach
, 2009
"... Memory models define an interface between programs written in some language and their implementation, determining which behaviour the memory (and thus a program) is allowed to have in a given model. A minimal guarantee memory models should provide to the programmer is that wellsynchronized, that is ..."
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Cited by 20 (1 self)
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Memory models define an interface between programs written in some language and their implementation, determining which behaviour the memory (and thus a program) is allowed to have in a given model. A minimal guarantee memory models should provide to the programmer is that wellsynchronized, that is, datarace free code has a standard semantics. Traditionally, memory models are defined axiomatically, setting constraints on the order in which memory operations are allowed to occur, and the programming language semantics is implicit as determining some of these constraints. In this work we propose a new approach to formalizing a memory model in which the model itself is part of a weak operational semantics for a (possibly concurrent) programming language. We formalize in this way a model that allows write operations to the store to be buffered. This enables us to derive the ordering constraints from the weak semantics of programs, and to prove, at the programming language level, that the weak semantics implements the usual interleaving semantics for datarace free programs, hence in particular that it implements the usual semantics for sequential code.
Action Refinement
 Handbook of Proacess Algebra
, 2000
"... S. All local authors can be reached via email at the address lastname@cs.unibo.it. Questions and comments should be addressed to tradmin@cs.unibo.it. Recent Titles from the UBLCS Technical Report Series 974 An Algebra of Actors, M. Gaspari, G. Zavattaro, May 1997. 975 On the Turing Equivalen ..."
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Cited by 18 (3 self)
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S. All local authors can be reached via email at the address lastname@cs.unibo.it. Questions and comments should be addressed to tradmin@cs.unibo.it. Recent Titles from the UBLCS Technical Report Series 974 An Algebra of Actors, M. Gaspari, G. Zavattaro, May 1997. 975 On the Turing Equivalence of Linda Coordination Primitives, N. Busi, R. Gorrieri, G. Zavattaro, May 1997 (Revised October 1998). 976 A Process Algebraic View of Linda Coordination Primitives, N. Busi, R. Gorrieri, G. Zavattaro, May 1997. 977 Validating a Software Architecture with respect to an Architectural Style, P. Ciancarini, W. Penzo, July 1997. 978 System Support for PartitionAware Network Applications, O. Babaoglu, R. Davoli, A. Montresor, R. Segala, October 1997. 979 Generalized SemiMarkovian Process Algebra, M. Bravetti, M. Bernardo, R. Gorrieri, October 1997. 981 Group Communication in Partitionable Systems: Specification and Algorithms, O. Babao glu, R. Davoli, A. Montresor, April 1998. 982...
Observing Distribution in Processes: Static and Dynamic Localities
, 1994
"... The distributed structure of CCS processes can be made explicit by assigning different locations to their parallel components. The assignment of locations may be done statically, or dynamically as the execution proceeds. The dynamic approach was developed first, by Boudol et al., as it appeared more ..."
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Cited by 15 (1 self)
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The distributed structure of CCS processes can be made explicit by assigning different locations to their parallel components. The assignment of locations may be done statically, or dynamically as the execution proceeds. The dynamic approach was developed first, by Boudol et al., as it appeared more convenient for defining notions of location equivalence and preorder. Extending previous work by L. Aceto we study here the static approach, which is more natural from an intuitive point of view, and more manageable for verification purposes. We define static notions of location equivalence and preorder, and show that they coincide with the dynamic ones. To establish the equivalence of the two location semantics, we introduce an intermediate transition system called occurrence system, which incorporates both notions of locality. This system supports a definition of local history preserving bisimulation for CCS, which is a third formulation of location equivalence.
Reversing algebraic process calculi
 in: FOSSACS’06, LNCS 3921 (2006
, 2006
"... Abstract. Reversible computation has a growing number of promising application areas such as the modelling of biochemical systems, program debugging and testing, and even programming languages for quantum computing. We formulate a procedure for converting operators of standard algebraic process calc ..."
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Cited by 14 (3 self)
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Abstract. Reversible computation has a growing number of promising application areas such as the modelling of biochemical systems, program debugging and testing, and even programming languages for quantum computing. We formulate a procedure for converting operators of standard algebraic process calculi such as CCS, ACP and CSP into reversible operators, while preserving their operational semantics. 1
Comparing syntactic and semantic action refinement
 Information and Computation
, 1996
"... The semantic definition of action refinement on labelled configuration structures is compared with the notion of syntactic substitution, which can be used as another notion of action refinement in a process algebraic setting. The comparison is done by studying a process algebra equipped with sequent ..."
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Cited by 13 (4 self)
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The semantic definition of action refinement on labelled configuration structures is compared with the notion of syntactic substitution, which can be used as another notion of action refinement in a process algebraic setting. The comparison is done by studying a process algebra equipped with sequential composition, parallel composition with an explicit synchronisation set, and an operator for action refinement. On the one hand, the language (including the refinement operator) is given a configuration structure semantics. On the other hand, a reduction procedure transforms a process term P into a flat term (i.e., with the refinement operator not occurring in it) red(P) by means of syntactic substitution, defined in a structural inductive way. The main aim of the paper is to investigate general conditions under which the terms P and red(P) have the same semantics. The results we present are essentially dependent on the question whether the refined action can be synchronised or not. In the latter case, P and red(P) give rise to isomorphic configuration structures under mild assumptions. The former case is considerably more difficult, since then refinement cannot be expected to distribute over parallel composition. We give necessary and sufficient semantic conditions under which distribution still holds up to semantic equivalence. Subsequently, we also give sufficient (but not necessary) syntactic conditions for reducible terms. Finally, we generalise these results to a language with recursion.] 1996 Academic Press, Inc. 1.
On Specifying RealTime Systems in a CausalityBased Setting
, 1996
"... . Event structures are a prominent noninterleaving model for concurrency. Realtime event structures associate a set of time instants to events, modelling absolute time constraints, and to causal dependencies, modelling relative delays between causally dependent events. We introduce this novel tempo ..."
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Cited by 7 (4 self)
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. Event structures are a prominent noninterleaving model for concurrency. Realtime event structures associate a set of time instants to events, modelling absolute time constraints, and to causal dependencies, modelling relative delays between causally dependent events. We introduce this novel temporal model and show how it can be used to provide a denotational semantics to a realtime variant of a process algebra akin to LOTOS. This formalism includes a timedaction prefix which constrains the occurrence time of actions, a timeout and watchdog (i.e., timed interrupt) operator. An eventbased operational semantics for this formalism is presented that is shown to be consistent with the denotational semantics. As an example we use an infinite buffer with time constraints on the message latency and the rates of accepting and producing data. 1 Introduction Timed extensions of interleaving models for concurrency have been investigated thoroughly in the last decade. Although there are many...