Results 1  10
of
220
IdentityBased Encryption from the Weil Pairing
, 2001
"... We propose a fully functional identitybased encryption scheme (IBE). The scheme has chosen ciphertext security in the random oracle model assuming an elliptic curve variant of the computational DiffieHellman problem. Our system is based on bilinear maps between groups. The Weil pairing on elliptic ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1246 (25 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
We propose a fully functional identitybased encryption scheme (IBE). The scheme has chosen ciphertext security in the random oracle model assuming an elliptic curve variant of the computational DiffieHellman problem. Our system is based on bilinear maps between groups. The Weil pairing on elliptic curves is an example of such a map. We give precise definitions for secure identity based encryption schemes and give several applications for such systems.
A practical and provably secure coalitionresistant group signature scheme
, 2000
"... A group signature scheme allows a group member to sign messages anonymously on behalf of the group. However, in the case of a dispute, the identity of a signature’s originator can be revealed (only) by a designated entity. The interactive counterparts of group signatures are identity escrow schemes ..."
Abstract

Cited by 255 (21 self)
 Add to MetaCart
A group signature scheme allows a group member to sign messages anonymously on behalf of the group. However, in the case of a dispute, the identity of a signature’s originator can be revealed (only) by a designated entity. The interactive counterparts of group signatures are identity escrow schemes or group identification scheme with revocable anonymity. This work introduces a new provably secure group signature and a companion identity escrow scheme that are significantly more efficient than the state of the art. In its interactive, identity escrow form, our scheme is proven secure and coalitionresistant under the strong RSA and the decisional DiffieHellman assumptions. The security of the noninteractive variant, i.e., the group signature scheme, relies additionally on the FiatShamir heuristic (also known as the random oracle model).
Design and Analysis of Practical PublicKey Encryption Schemes Secure against Adaptive Chosen Ciphertext Attack
 SIAM Journal on Computing
, 2001
"... A new public key encryption scheme, along with several variants, is proposed and analyzed. The scheme and its variants are quite practical, and are proved secure against adaptive chosen ciphertext attack under standard intractability assumptions. These appear to be the first publickey encryption sc ..."
Abstract

Cited by 205 (11 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
A new public key encryption scheme, along with several variants, is proposed and analyzed. The scheme and its variants are quite practical, and are proved secure against adaptive chosen ciphertext attack under standard intractability assumptions. These appear to be the first publickey encryption schemes in the literature that are simultaneously practical and provably secure.
Provably Authenticated Group DiffieHellman Key Exchange
, 2001
"... Group DiffieHellman protocols for Authenticated Key Exchange (AKE) are designed to provide a pool of players with a shared secret key which may later be used, for example, to achieve multicast message integrity. Over the years, several schemes have been offered. However, no formal treatment for thi ..."
Abstract

Cited by 125 (19 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Group DiffieHellman protocols for Authenticated Key Exchange (AKE) are designed to provide a pool of players with a shared secret key which may later be used, for example, to achieve multicast message integrity. Over the years, several schemes have been offered. However, no formal treatment for this cryptographic problem has ever been suggested. In this paper, we present a security model for this problem and use it to precisely define AKE (with "implicit" authentication) as the fundamental goal, and the entityauthentication goal as well. We then define in this model the execution of an authenticated group DiffieHellman scheme and prove its security.
Pseudonym Systems
, 1999
"... Pseudonym systems allow users to interact with multiple organizations anonymously, using pseudonyms. The pseudonyms cannot be linked, but are formed in such a way that a user can prove to one organization a statement about his relationship with another. Such statement is called a credential. Previou ..."
Abstract

Cited by 123 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Pseudonym systems allow users to interact with multiple organizations anonymously, using pseudonyms. The pseudonyms cannot be linked, but are formed in such a way that a user can prove to one organization a statement about his relationship with another. Such statement is called a credential. Previous work in this area did not protect the system against dishonest users who collectively use their pseudonyms and credentials, i.e. share an identity. Previous practical schemes also relied very heavily on the involvement of a trusted center. In the present paper we give a formal definition of pseudonym systems where users are motivated not to share their identity, and in which the trusted center's involvement is minimal. We give theoretical constructions for such systems based on any oneway function. We also suggest an efficient and easy to implement practical scheme. This is joint work with Ronald L. Rivest and Amit Sahai.
A Proposal for an ISO Standard for Public Key Encryption (version 2.0)
, 2001
"... This document should be viewed less as a first draft of a standard for publickey encryption, and more as a proposal for what such a draft standard should contain. It is hoped that this proposal will serve as a basis for discussion, from which a consensus for a standard may be formed. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 120 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
This document should be viewed less as a first draft of a standard for publickey encryption, and more as a proposal for what such a draft standard should contain. It is hoped that this proposal will serve as a basis for discussion, from which a consensus for a standard may be formed.
CoercionResistant Electronic Elections
 In WPES ’05
, 2002
"... We introduce a model for electronic election schemes that involves a more powerful adversary than in previous work. In particular, we allow the adversary to demand of coerced voters that they vote in a particular manner, abstain from voting, or even disclose their secret keys. We define a scheme ..."
Abstract

Cited by 100 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We introduce a model for electronic election schemes that involves a more powerful adversary than in previous work. In particular, we allow the adversary to demand of coerced voters that they vote in a particular manner, abstain from voting, or even disclose their secret keys. We define a scheme to be coercion resistant if it is impossible for the adversary to determine whether a coerced voter complies with the demands. Furthermore, we relax the requirements made in some previous proposals from an untappable channel to only requiring the existence of an anonymous channel.
Squealing Euros: Privacy Protection in RFIDEnabled Banknotes
 Financial Cryptography ’03
, 2002
"... Thanks to their broad international acceptance and availability in high denominations, there is widespread concern that Euro banknotes may provide an attractive new currency for criminal transactions. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 96 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Thanks to their broad international acceptance and availability in high denominations, there is widespread concern that Euro banknotes may provide an attractive new currency for criminal transactions.
Secure communications over insecure channels based on short authenticated strings
 In Advances in Cryptology (Crypto) (2005
"... Abstract. We propose a way to establish peertopeer authenticated communications over an insecure channel by using an extra channel which can authenticate very short strings, e.g. 15 bits. We call this SASbased authentication as for authentication based on Short Authenticated Strings. The extra ch ..."
Abstract

Cited by 93 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. We propose a way to establish peertopeer authenticated communications over an insecure channel by using an extra channel which can authenticate very short strings, e.g. 15 bits. We call this SASbased authentication as for authentication based on Short Authenticated Strings. The extra channel uses a weak notion of authentication in which strings cannot be forged nor modi£ed, but whose delivery can be maliciously stalled, canceled, or replayed. Our protocol is optimal and relies on an extractable or equivocable commitment scheme. This approach offers an alternative (or complement) to publickey infrastructures, since we no longer need any central authority, and to passwordbased authenticated key exchange, since we no longer need to establish a con£dential password. It can be used to establish secure associations in adhoc networks. Applications could be the authentication of a public key (e.g. for SSH or PGP) by users over the telephone, the useraided pairing of wireless (e.g. Bluetooth) devices, or the restore of secure associations in a disaster case, namely when one remote peer had his longterm keys corrupted.
Lossy Trapdoor Functions and Their Applications
 ELECTRONIC COLLOQUIUM ON COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY, REPORT NO. 80 (2007)
, 2007
"... We propose a new general primitive called lossy trapdoor functions (lossy TDFs), and realize it under a variety of different number theoretic assumptions, including hardness of the decisional DiffieHellman (DDH) problem and the worstcase hardness of standard lattice problems. Using lossy TDFs, we ..."
Abstract

Cited by 92 (19 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
We propose a new general primitive called lossy trapdoor functions (lossy TDFs), and realize it under a variety of different number theoretic assumptions, including hardness of the decisional DiffieHellman (DDH) problem and the worstcase hardness of standard lattice problems. Using lossy TDFs, we develop a new approach for constructing many important cryptographic primitives, including standard trapdoor functions, CCAsecure cryptosystems, collisionresistant hash functions, and more. All of our constructions are simple, efficient, and blackbox. Taken all together, these results resolve some longstanding open problems in cryptography. They give the first known (injective) trapdoor functions based on problems not directly related to integer factorization, and provide the first known CCAsecure cryptosystem based solely on worstcase lattice assumptions.