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109
Deep Sequent Systems for Modal Logic
 ARCHIVE FOR MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
"... We see a systematic set of cutfree axiomatisations for all the basic normal modal logics formed by some combination the axioms d,t,b,4, 5. They employ a form of deep inference but otherwise stay very close to Gentzen’s sequent calculus, in particular they enjoy a subformula property in the litera ..."
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Cited by 43 (4 self)
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We see a systematic set of cutfree axiomatisations for all the basic normal modal logics formed by some combination the axioms d,t,b,4, 5. They employ a form of deep inference but otherwise stay very close to Gentzen’s sequent calculus, in particular they enjoy a subformula property in the literal sense. No semantic notions are used inside the proof systems, in particular there is no use of labels. All their rules are invertible and the rules cut, weakening and contraction are admissible. All systems admit a straightforward terminating proof search procedure as well as a syntactic cut elimination procedure.
On the Proof Complexity of Deep Inference
, 2000
"... We obtain two results about the proof complexity of deep inference: 1) deepinference proof systems are as powerful as Frege ones, even when both are extended with the Tseitin extension rule or with the substitution rule; 2) there are analytic deepinference proof systems that exhibit an exponential ..."
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Cited by 38 (14 self)
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We obtain two results about the proof complexity of deep inference: 1) deepinference proof systems are as powerful as Frege ones, even when both are extended with the Tseitin extension rule or with the substitution rule; 2) there are analytic deepinference proof systems that exhibit an exponential speedup over analytic Gentzen proof systems that they polynomially simulate.
Normalisation control in deep inference via atomic flows
, 2008
"... Abstract. We introduce ‘atomic flows’: they are graphs obtained from derivations by tracing atom occurrences and forgetting the logical structure. We study simple manipulations of atomic flows that correspond to complex reductions on derivations. This allows us to prove, for propositional logic, a n ..."
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Cited by 29 (14 self)
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Abstract. We introduce ‘atomic flows’: they are graphs obtained from derivations by tracing atom occurrences and forgetting the logical structure. We study simple manipulations of atomic flows that correspond to complex reductions on derivations. This allows us to prove, for propositional logic, a new and very general normalisation theorem, which contains cut elimination as a special case. We operate in deep inference, which is more general than other syntactic paradigms, and where normalisation is more difficult to control. We argue that atomic flows are a significant technical advance for normalisation theory, because 1) the technique they support is largely independent of syntax; 2) indeed, it is largely independent of logical inference rules; 3) they constitute a powerful geometric formalism, which is more intuitive than syntax. 1.
Naming proofs in classical propositional logic
 IN PAWE̷L URZYCZYN, EDITOR, TYPED LAMBDA CALCULI AND APPLICATIONS, TLCA 2005, VOLUME 3461 OF LECTURE
"... We present a theory of proof denotations in classical propositional logic. The abstract definition is in terms of a semiring of weights, and two concrete instances are explored. With the Boolean semiring we get a theory of classical proof nets, with a geometric correctness criterion, a sequentiali ..."
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Cited by 24 (7 self)
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We present a theory of proof denotations in classical propositional logic. The abstract definition is in terms of a semiring of weights, and two concrete instances are explored. With the Boolean semiring we get a theory of classical proof nets, with a geometric correctness criterion, a sequentialization theorem, and a strongly normalizing cutelimination procedure. This gives us a “Boolean ” category, which is not a poset. With the semiring of natural numbers, we obtain a sound semantics for classical logic, in which fewer proofs are identified. Though a “real” sequentialization theorem is missing, these proof nets have a grip on complexity issues. In both cases the cut elimination procedure is closely related to its equivalent in the calculus of structures.
Cirquent calculus deepened
, 2007
"... Cirquent calculus is a new prooftheoretic and semantic framework, whose main distinguishing feature is being based on circuitstyle structures (called cirquents), as opposed to the more traditional approaches that deal with treelike objects such as formulas, sequents or hypersequents. Among its ad ..."
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Cited by 23 (15 self)
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Cirquent calculus is a new prooftheoretic and semantic framework, whose main distinguishing feature is being based on circuitstyle structures (called cirquents), as opposed to the more traditional approaches that deal with treelike objects such as formulas, sequents or hypersequents. Among its advantages are greater efficiency, flexibility and expressiveness. This paper presents a detailed elaboration of a deepinference cirquent logic, which is naturally and inherently resource conscious. It shows that classical logic, both syntactically and semantically, can be seen to be just a special, conservative fragment of this more general and, in a sense, more basic logic — the logic of resources in the form of cirquent calculus. The reader will find various arguments in favor of switching to the new framework, such as arguments showing the insufficiency of the expressive power of linear logic or other formulabased approaches to developing resource logics, exponential improvements over the traditional approaches in both representational and proof complexities offered by cirquent calculus (including the existence of polynomial size cut, substitution and extensionfree cirquent calculus proofs for the notoriously hard pigeonhole principle), and more. Among the main purposes of this paper is to provide an introductorystyle starting point for what, as the author wishes to hope, might have a chance to become a new line of research in proof theory — a proof theory based on circuits instead of formulas.
L.: Constructing free Boolean categories
, 2005
"... By Boolean category we mean something which is to a Boolean algebra what a category is to a poset. We propose an axiomatic system for Boolean categories, which is different in several respects from the ones proposed recently. In particular everything is done from the start in a *autonomous category ..."
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Cited by 21 (6 self)
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By Boolean category we mean something which is to a Boolean algebra what a category is to a poset. We propose an axiomatic system for Boolean categories, which is different in several respects from the ones proposed recently. In particular everything is done from the start in a *autonomous category and not in a weakly distributive one, which simplifies issues like the Mix rule. An important axiom, which is introduced later, is a “graphical ” condition, which is closely related to denotational semantics and the Geometry of Interaction. Then we show that a previously
A PROOF CALCULUS WHICH REDUCES SYNTACTIC BUREAUCRACY
"... In usual proof systems, like the sequent calculus, only a very limited way of combining proofs is available through the tree structure. We present in this paper a logicindependent proof calculus, where proofs can be freely composed by connectives, and prove its basic properties. The main advantage ..."
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Cited by 18 (10 self)
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In usual proof systems, like the sequent calculus, only a very limited way of combining proofs is available through the tree structure. We present in this paper a logicindependent proof calculus, where proofs can be freely composed by connectives, and prove its basic properties. The main advantage of this proof calculus is that it allows to avoid certain types of syntactic bureaucracy inherent to all usual proof systems, in particular the sequent calculus. Proofs in this system closely reflect their atomic flow, which traces the behaviour of atoms through structural rules. The general definition is illustrated by the standard deepinference system for propositional logic, for which there are known rewriting techniques that achieve cut elimination based only on the information in atomic flows.
Canonical Abstract Syntax Trees
 WRLA 2006
, 2006
"... This paper presents GOM, a language for describing abstract syntax trees and generating a Java implementation for those trees. GOM includes features allowing the user to specify and modify the interface of the data structure. These features provide in particular the capability to maintain the intern ..."
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Cited by 17 (6 self)
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This paper presents GOM, a language for describing abstract syntax trees and generating a Java implementation for those trees. GOM includes features allowing the user to specify and modify the interface of the data structure. These features provide in particular the capability to maintain the internal representation of data in canonical form with respect to a rewrite system. This explicitly guarantees that the client program only manipulates normal forms for this rewrite system, a feature which is only implicitly used in many implementations.
A system of interaction and structure II: the need for deep inference
 Logical Methods in Computer Science
, 2006
"... Vol. 2 (2:4) 2006, pp. 1–24 ..."
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Reducing Nondeterminism in the Calculus of Structures
, 2005
"... The calculus of structures is a proof theoretical formalism which generalizes the sequent calculus with the feature of deep inference: in contrast to the sequent calculus, inference rules can be applied at any depth inside a formula, bringing shorter proofs than all other formalisms supporting a ..."
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Cited by 16 (5 self)
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The calculus of structures is a proof theoretical formalism which generalizes the sequent calculus with the feature of deep inference: in contrast to the sequent calculus, inference rules can be applied at any depth inside a formula, bringing shorter proofs than all other formalisms supporting analytical proofs. However, deep applicability of inference rules causes greater nondeterminism than in the sequent calculus regarding proof search. In this paper, we introduce a new technique which reduces nondeterminism without breaking proof theoretical properties, and provides a more immediate access to shorter proofs. We present our technique on system BV, the smallest technically nontrivial system in the calculus of structures, extending multiplicative linear logic with the rules mix, nullary mix and a self dual, noncommutative logical operator. Since our technique exploits a scheme common to all the systems in the calculus of structures, we argue that it generalizes to these systems for classical logic, linear logic and modal logics.