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Topological quantum computation
 Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S
"... Abstract. The theory of quantum computation can be constructed from the abstract study of anyonic systems. In mathematical terms, these are unitary topological modular functors. They underlie the Jones polynomial and arise in WittenChernSimons theory. The braiding and fusion of anyonic excitations ..."
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Abstract. The theory of quantum computation can be constructed from the abstract study of anyonic systems. In mathematical terms, these are unitary topological modular functors. They underlie the Jones polynomial and arise in WittenChernSimons theory. The braiding and fusion of anyonic excitations in quantum Hall electron liquids and 2Dmagnets are modeled by modular functors, opening a new possibility for the realization of quantum computers. The chief advantage of anyonic computation would be physical error correction: An error rate scaling like e−αℓ, where ℓ is a length scale, and α is some positive constant. In contrast, the “presumptive ” qubitmodel of quantum computation, which repairs errors combinatorically, requires a fantastically low initial error rate (about 10−4) before computation can be stabilized. Quantum computation is a catchall for several models of computation based on a theoretical ability to manufacture, manipulate and measure quantum states. In this context, there are three areas where remarkable algorithms have been found: searching a data base [15], abelian groups (factoring and discrete logarithm) [19],
Holographic Entanglement Entropy: An Overview
, 2009
"... In this article, we review recent progresses on the holographic understandings of the entanglement entropy in the AdS/CFT correspondence. After reviewing the general idea of holographic entanglement entropy, we will explain its applications to confinement/deconfinement phase transitions, black hole ..."
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Cited by 124 (9 self)
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In this article, we review recent progresses on the holographic understandings of the entanglement entropy in the AdS/CFT correspondence. After reviewing the general idea of holographic entanglement entropy, we will explain its applications to confinement/deconfinement phase transitions, black hole entropy and covariant formulation of holography.
Anyons in an exactly solved model and beyond
, 2005
"... A spin 1/2 system on a honeycomb lattice is studied. The interactions between nearest neighbors are of XX, YY or ZZ type, depending on the direction of the link; different types of interactions may differ in strength. The model is solved exactly by a reduction to free fermions in a static Z2 gauge f ..."
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Cited by 85 (2 self)
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A spin 1/2 system on a honeycomb lattice is studied. The interactions between nearest neighbors are of XX, YY or ZZ type, depending on the direction of the link; different types of interactions may differ in strength. The model is solved exactly by a reduction to free fermions in a static Z2 gauge field. A phase diagram in the parameter space is obtained. One of the phases has an energy gap and carries excitations that are Abelian anyons. The other phase is gapless, but acquires a gap in the presence of magnetic field. In the latter case excitations are nonAbelian anyons whose braiding rules coincide with those of conformal blocks for the Ising model. We also consider a general theory of free fermions with a gapped spectrum, which is characterized by a spectral Chern number ν. The Abelian and nonAbelian phases of the original model correspond to ν = 0 and ν = ±1, respectively. The anyonic properties of excitation depend on ν mod 16, whereas ν itself governs edge thermal transport. The paper also provides mathematical background on anyons as well as an elementary theory of Chern number for quasidiagonal matrices.
Nonabelian anyons and topological quantum computation
 Reviews of Modern Physics
"... Contents Topological quantum computation has recently emerged as one of the most exciting approaches to constructing a faulttolerant quantum computer. The proposal relies on the existence of topological states of matter whose quasiparticle excitations are neither bosons nor fermions, but are partic ..."
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Cited by 47 (0 self)
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Contents Topological quantum computation has recently emerged as one of the most exciting approaches to constructing a faulttolerant quantum computer. The proposal relies on the existence of topological states of matter whose quasiparticle excitations are neither bosons nor fermions, but are particles known as NonAbelian anyons, meaning that they obey nonAbelian braiding statistics. Quantum information is stored in states with multiple quasiparticles,
On exotic modular tensor categories
 Commun. Contemp. Math
"... Abstract. We classify all unitary modular tensor categories (UMTCs) of rank ≤ 4. There are a total of 35 UMTCs of rank ≤ 4 up to ribbon tensor equivalence. Since the distinction between the modular Smatrix S and −S has both topological and physical significance, so in our convention there are a tot ..."
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Cited by 37 (12 self)
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Abstract. We classify all unitary modular tensor categories (UMTCs) of rank ≤ 4. There are a total of 35 UMTCs of rank ≤ 4 up to ribbon tensor equivalence. Since the distinction between the modular Smatrix S and −S has both topological and physical significance, so in our convention there are a total of 70 UMTCs of rank ≤ 4. In particular, there are two trivial UMTCs with S = (±1). Each such UMTC can be obtained from 10 nontrivial prime UMTCs by direct product, and some symmetry operations. Explicit data of the 10 nontrivial prime UMTCs are given in Section 5. Relevance of UMTCs to topological quantum computation and various conjectures are given in Section 6. 1.
Rapidly rotating atomic gases
 Advances in Physics, 57:539–616
, 2008
"... This article reviews developments in the theory of rapidly rotating degenerate atomic gases. The main focus is on the equilibrium properties of a single component atomic Bose gas, which (at least at rest) forms a BoseEinstein condensate. Rotation leads to the formation of quantized vortices which o ..."
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This article reviews developments in the theory of rapidly rotating degenerate atomic gases. The main focus is on the equilibrium properties of a single component atomic Bose gas, which (at least at rest) forms a BoseEinstein condensate. Rotation leads to the formation of quantized vortices which order into a vortex array, in close analogy with the behaviour of superfluid helium. Under conditions of rapid rotation, when the vortex density becomes large, atomic Bose gases offer the possibility to explore the physics of quantized vortices in novel parameter regimes. First, there is an interesting regime in which the vortices become sufficiently dense that their cores – as set by the healing length – start to overlap. In this regime, the theoretical description simplifies, allowing a reduction to single particle states in the lowest Landau level. Second, one can envisage entering a regime of very high vortex density, when the number of vortices becomes comparable to the number of particles in the gas. In this regime, theory predicts the appearance of a series of strongly correlated phases, which can be viewed as bosonic versions of fractional quantum Hall states. This article describes the
On polynomials interpolating between the stationary state of a O(n) model and a Q.H.E. ground state
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Topological Quantum Computation
, 1999
"... . Following a suggestion of A. Kitaev, we explore the connection between faulttolerant quantum computation and nonabelian quantum statistics in two spatial dimensions. A suitably designed spin system can support localized excitations (quasiparticles) that exhibit longrange nonabelian Aharonov ..."
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. Following a suggestion of A. Kitaev, we explore the connection between faulttolerant quantum computation and nonabelian quantum statistics in two spatial dimensions. A suitably designed spin system can support localized excitations (quasiparticles) that exhibit longrange nonabelian AharonovBohm interactions. Quantum information encoded in the charges of the quasiparticles is highly resistant to decoherence, and can be reliably processed by carrying one quasiparticle around another. If information is encoded in pairs of quasiparticles, then the AharonovBohm interactions can be adequate for universal faulttolerant quantum computation. This paper was presented at the 1st Nasa International Conference on Quantum Computing and Quantum Communications, February 1720, 1998, and published in Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1509: 341356 (1999). 1 Faulttolerant quantum computation Quantum computers appear to be capable, at least in principle, of solving certain problems f...
Fermionic characters and arbitrary highestweight integrable slr+1 modules
, 2005
"... This paper contains the generalization of the FeiginStoyanovsky construction to all integrable ̂ slr+1modules. We give formulas for the qcharacters of any highestweight integrable module of ̂ slr+1 as a linear combination of the fermionic qcharacters of the fusion products of a special set of i ..."
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This paper contains the generalization of the FeiginStoyanovsky construction to all integrable ̂ slr+1modules. We give formulas for the qcharacters of any highestweight integrable module of ̂ slr+1 as a linear combination of the fermionic qcharacters of the fusion products of a special set of integrable modules. The coefficients in the sum are the entries of the inverse matrix of generalized Kostka polynomials in q −1. We prove the conjecture of Feigin and Loktev regarding the qmultiplicities of irreducible modules in the graded tensor product of rectangular highest weightmodules in the case of slr+1. We also give the fermionic formulas for the qcharacters of the (nonlevelrestricted) fusion products of rectangular highestweight integrable ̂ slr+1modules.
ARTICLES Fractional quantum Hall effect in a quantum point contact at filling fraction 5/2
, 2007
"... Recent theories suggest that the quasiparticles that populate certain quantum Hall states should exhibit exotic braiding statistics that could be used to build topological quantum gates. Confined systems that support such states at a filling fraction ν = 5/2 are of particular interest for testing th ..."
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Cited by 15 (2 self)
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Recent theories suggest that the quasiparticles that populate certain quantum Hall states should exhibit exotic braiding statistics that could be used to build topological quantum gates. Confined systems that support such states at a filling fraction ν = 5/2 are of particular interest for testing these predictions. Here, we report transport measurements of just such a system, which consists of a quantum point contact (QPC) in a twodimensional GaAs/AlGaAs electron gas that itself exhibits a welldeveloped fractional quantum Hall effect at a bulk filling fraction ν bulk = 5/2. We observe plateaulike features at an effective filling fraction of ν QPC = 5/2 for lithographic contact widths of 1.2 µm and 0.8 µm, but not 0.5 µm. Transport near ν QPC = 5/2 in the QPCs is consistent with a picture of chiral Luttingerliquid edge states with interedge tunnelling, suggesting that an incompressible state at ν QPC = 5/2 forms in this confined geometry. The discovery 1 of a fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) at the evendenominator filling fraction ν = 5/2 has sparked a series of experimental 2–6 and theoretical 7–9 studies, leading to a prevailing interpretation of the 5/2 state as comprising paired fermions condensed into a Bardeen–Cooper–Schriefferlike state 10–13. Within this picture, excitations of the 5/2 ground state possess nonabelian statistics 14–16 and associated topological properties. The possibility