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Constructive set theories and their categorytheoretic models
 IN: FROM SETS AND TYPES TO TOPOLOGY AND ANALYSIS
, 2005
"... We advocate a pragmatic approach to constructive set theory, using axioms based solely on settheoretic principles that are directly relevant to (constructive) mathematical practice. Following this approach, we present theories ranging in power from weaker predicative theories to stronger impredicat ..."
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We advocate a pragmatic approach to constructive set theory, using axioms based solely on settheoretic principles that are directly relevant to (constructive) mathematical practice. Following this approach, we present theories ranging in power from weaker predicative theories to stronger impredicative ones. The theories we consider all have sound and complete classes of categorytheoretic models, obtained by axiomatizing the structure of an ambient category of classes together with its subcategory of sets. In certain special cases, the categories of sets have independent characterizations in familiar categorytheoretic terms, and one thereby obtains a rich source of naturally occurring mathematical models for (both predicative and impredicative) constructive set theories.
The Extensive Completion Of A Distributive Category
 Theory Appl. Categ
, 2001
"... A category with finite products and finite coproducts is said to be distributive if the canonical map AB+AC # A (B +C) is invertible for all objects A, B, and C. Given a distributive category D , we describe a universal functor D # D ex preserving finite products and finite coproducts, for wh ..."
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A category with finite products and finite coproducts is said to be distributive if the canonical map AB+AC # A (B +C) is invertible for all objects A, B, and C. Given a distributive category D , we describe a universal functor D # D ex preserving finite products and finite coproducts, for which D ex is extensive; that is, for all objects A and B the functor D ex /A D ex /B # D ex /(A + B) is an equivalence of categories. As an application, we show that a distributive category D has a full distributive embedding into the product of an extensive category with products and a distributive preorder. 1.
General structural operational semantics through categorical logic (Extended Abstract)
, 2008
"... Certain principles are fundamental to operational semantics, regardless of the languages or idioms involved. Such principles include rulebased definitions and proof techniques for congruence results. We formulate these principles in the general context of categorical logic. From this general formul ..."
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Certain principles are fundamental to operational semantics, regardless of the languages or idioms involved. Such principles include rulebased definitions and proof techniques for congruence results. We formulate these principles in the general context of categorical logic. From this general formulation we recover precise results for particular language idioms by interpreting the logic in particular categories. For instance, results for firstorder calculi, such as CCS, arise from considering the general results in the category of sets. Results for languages involving substitution and name generation, such as the πcalculus, arise from considering the general results in categories of sheaves and group actions. As an extended example, we develop a tyft/tyxtlike rule format for open bisimulation in the πcalculus.
Toposes are adhesive
 In International Conference on Graph Tranformation, icgt’06, volume 4178 of Lect. Notes Comput. Sc
, 2006
"... Abstract. Adhesive categories have recently been proposed as a categorical foundation for facets of the theory of graph transformation, and have also been used to study techniques from process algebra for reasoning about concurrency. Here we continue our study of adhesive categories by showing that ..."
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Abstract. Adhesive categories have recently been proposed as a categorical foundation for facets of the theory of graph transformation, and have also been used to study techniques from process algebra for reasoning about concurrency. Here we continue our study of adhesive categories by showing that toposes are adhesive. The proof relies on exploiting the relationship between adhesive categories, Brown and Janelidze’s work on generalised van Kampen theorems as well as Grothendieck’s theory of descent.
Aspects of predicative algebraic set theory II: Realizability. Accepted for publication in Theoretical Computer Science
 In Logic Colloquim 2006, Lecture Notes in Logic
, 2009
"... This is the third in a series of papers on algebraic set theory, the aim of which is to develop a categorical semantics for constructive set theories, including predicative ones, based on the notion of a “predicative category with small maps”. 1 In the first paper in this series [8] we discussed how ..."
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This is the third in a series of papers on algebraic set theory, the aim of which is to develop a categorical semantics for constructive set theories, including predicative ones, based on the notion of a “predicative category with small maps”. 1 In the first paper in this series [8] we discussed how these predicative categories
A double bicategory of cobordisms with corners arXiv:0611930
"... Abstract. Interest in cobordism categories arises in areas from topology to theoretical physics, and in particular in Topological Quantum Field Theories (TQFT’s). These categories have manifolds as objects, and cobordisms between them as morphisms, have that is, manifolds of one dimension higher wh ..."
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Abstract. Interest in cobordism categories arises in areas from topology to theoretical physics, and in particular in Topological Quantum Field Theories (TQFT’s). These categories have manifolds as objects, and cobordisms between them as morphisms, have that is, manifolds of one dimension higher whose boundary decomposes into the source and target. Since the boundary of a boundary is empty, this formulation cannot account for cobordisms between manifolds with boundary. This is needed to describe openclosed TQFT’s, and more generally, “extended TQFT’s”. We describe a framework for describing these, in the form of what we call a Verity double bicategory. This is similar to a double category, but with properties holding only up to certain 2morphisms. We show how a broad general class of examples arise from a construction involving spans (or cospans) in suitable settings, and how this gives cobordisms between cobordisms when we start with the category of manifolds.
Framed Bicategories and Monoidal Fibrations
, 2007
"... Abstract. In some bicategories, the 1cells are ‘morphisms ’ between the 0cells, such as functors between categories, but in others they are ‘objects ’ over the 0cells, such ..."
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Abstract. In some bicategories, the 1cells are ‘morphisms ’ between the 0cells, such as functors between categories, but in others they are ‘objects ’ over the 0cells, such
Relating firstorder set theories and elementary toposes
 BULLETIN OF SYMBOLIC LOGIC
, 2007
"... We show how to interpret the language of firstorder set theory in an elementary topos endowed with, as extra structure, a directed structural system of inclusions (dssi). As our main result, we obtain a complete axiomatization of the intuitionistic set theory validated by all such interpretations. ..."
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We show how to interpret the language of firstorder set theory in an elementary topos endowed with, as extra structure, a directed structural system of inclusions (dssi). As our main result, we obtain a complete axiomatization of the intuitionistic set theory validated by all such interpretations. Since every elementary topos is equivalent to one carrying a dssi, we thus obtain a firstorder set theory whose associated categories of sets are exactly the elementary toposes. In addition, we show that the full axiom of Separation is validated whenever the dssi is superdirected. This gives a uniform explanation for the known facts that cocomplete and realizability toposes provide models for Intuitionistic ZermeloFraenkel set theory (IZF).
Structural Recursion with Locally Scoped Names
"... This paper introduces a new recursion principle for inductively defined data modulo αequivalence of bound names that makes use of Oderskystyle local names when recursing over bound names. It is formulated in simply typed λcalculus extended with names that can be restricted to a lexical scope, tes ..."
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This paper introduces a new recursion principle for inductively defined data modulo αequivalence of bound names that makes use of Oderskystyle local names when recursing over bound names. It is formulated in simply typed λcalculus extended with names that can be restricted to a lexical scope, tested for equality, explicitly swapped and abstracted. The new recursion principle is motivated by the nominal sets notion of “αstructural recursion”, whose use of names and associated freshness sideconditions in recursive definitions formalizes common practice with binders. The new calculus has a simple interpretation in nominal sets equipped with name restriction operations. It is shown to adequately represent αstructural recursion while avoiding the need to verify freshness sideconditions in definitions and computations. The paper is a revised and expanded version of (Pitts, 2010). 1
Model structures for homotopy of internal categories
 Theory Appl. Categ
"... CatC of internal categories and functors in a given finitely complete categoryC. Several nonequivalent notions of internal equivalence exist; to capture these notions, the model structures are defined relative to a given Grothendieck topology on C. Under mild conditions on C, the regular epimorphis ..."
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CatC of internal categories and functors in a given finitely complete categoryC. Several nonequivalent notions of internal equivalence exist; to capture these notions, the model structures are defined relative to a given Grothendieck topology on C. Under mild conditions on C, the regular epimorphism topology determines a modelstructure where we is the class of weak equivalences of internal categories (in the sense of Bunge and Par'e). For a Grothendieck topos C we get a structure that, thoughdifferent from Joyal and Tierney's, has an equivalent homotopy category. In case C is semiabelian, these weak equivalences turn out to be homology isomorphisms, and themodel structure on CatC induces a notion of homotopy of internal crossed modules. Incase C is the category