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25
Equilogical Spaces
, 1998
"... It is well known that one can build models of full higherorder dependent type theory (also called the calculus of constructions) using partial equivalence relations (PERs) and assemblies over a partial combinatory algebra (PCA). But the idea of categories of PERs and ERs (total equivalence relation ..."
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Cited by 31 (12 self)
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It is well known that one can build models of full higherorder dependent type theory (also called the calculus of constructions) using partial equivalence relations (PERs) and assemblies over a partial combinatory algebra (PCA). But the idea of categories of PERs and ERs (total equivalence relations) can be applied to other structures as well. In particular, we can easily dene the category of ERs and equivalencepreserving continuous mappings over the standard category Top 0 of topological T 0 spaces; we call these spaces (a topological space together with an ER) equilogical spaces and the resulting category Equ. We show that this categoryin contradistinction to Top 0 is a cartesian closed category. The direct proof outlined here uses the equivalence of the category Equ to the category PEqu of PERs over algebraic lattices (a full subcategory of Top 0 that is well known to be cartesian closed from domain theory). In another paper with Carboni and Rosolini (cited herein) a more abstract categorical generalization shows why many such categories are cartesian closed. The category Equ obviously contains Top 0 as a full subcategory, and it naturally contains many other well known subcategories. In particular, we show why, as a consequence of work of Ershov, Berger, and others, the KleeneKreisel hierarchy of countable functionals of nite types can be naturally constructed in Equ from the natural numbers object N by repeated use in Equ of exponentiation and binary products. We also develop for Equ notions of modest sets (a category equivalent to Equ) and assemblies to explain why a model of dependent type theory is obtained. We make some comparisons of this model to other, known models. 1
Topological and Limitspace subcategories of Countablybased Equilogical Spaces
, 2001
"... this paper we show that the two approaches are equivalent for a ..."
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Cited by 22 (4 self)
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this paper we show that the two approaches are equivalent for a
A Relationship between Equilogical Spaces and Type Two Effectivity
"... In this paper I compare two well studied approaches to topological semantics the domaintheoretic approach, exemplied by the category of countably based equilogical spaces, Equ, and Type Two Eectivity, exemplied by the category of Baire space representations, Rep(B ). These two categories are both ..."
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Cited by 16 (0 self)
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In this paper I compare two well studied approaches to topological semantics the domaintheoretic approach, exemplied by the category of countably based equilogical spaces, Equ, and Type Two Eectivity, exemplied by the category of Baire space representations, Rep(B ). These two categories are both locally cartesian closed extensions of countably based T 0 spaces. A natural question to ask is how they are related.
Comparing functional paradigms for exact realnumber computation
 in Proceedings ICALP 2002, Springer LNCS 2380
, 2002
"... Abstract. We compare the definability of total functionals over the reals in two functionalprogramming approaches to exact realnumber datatype of real numbers; and the intensional approach, in which one encodes real numbers using ordinary datatypes. We show that the type hierarchies coincide up to ..."
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Cited by 15 (3 self)
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Abstract. We compare the definability of total functionals over the reals in two functionalprogramming approaches to exact realnumber datatype of real numbers; and the intensional approach, in which one encodes real numbers using ordinary datatypes. We show that the type hierarchies coincide up to secondorder types, and we relate this fact to an analogous comparison of type hierarchies over the external and internal real numbers in Dana Scott’s category of equilogical spaces. We do not know whether similar coincidences hold at thirdorder types. However, we relate this question to a purely topological conjecture about the KleeneKreisel continuous functionals over the natural numbers. Finally, although it is known that, in the extensional approach, parallel primitives are necessary for programming total firstorder functions, we demonstrate that, in the intensional approach, such primitives are not needed for secondorder types and below. 1
Partial Continuous Functions and Admissible Domain Representations
 the Journal of Logic and Computation
, 2007
"... It is well known that to be able to represent continuous functions between domain representable spaces it is critical that the domain representations of the spaces we consider are dense. In this article we show how to develop a representation theory over a category of domains with morphisms partial ..."
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Cited by 7 (2 self)
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It is well known that to be able to represent continuous functions between domain representable spaces it is critical that the domain representations of the spaces we consider are dense. In this article we show how to develop a representation theory over a category of domains with morphisms partial continuous functions. The raison d’être for introducing partial continuous functions is that by passing to partial maps, we are free to consider totalities which are not dense. We show that the category of admissibly representable spaces with morphisms functions which are representable by a partial continuous function is Cartesian closed. Finally, we consider the question of effectivity. Key words. Domain theory, domain representations, computability theory, computable analysis. 1
Two constructive embeddingextension theorems with applications to continuity principles and to BanachMazur computability
 Mathematical Logic Quarterly
"... We prove two embedding and extension theorems in the context of the constructive theory of metric spaces. The first states that Cantor space embeds in any inhabited complete separable metric space (CSM) without isolated points, X, in such a way that every sequentially continuous function from Cantor ..."
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Cited by 6 (1 self)
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We prove two embedding and extension theorems in the context of the constructive theory of metric spaces. The first states that Cantor space embeds in any inhabited complete separable metric space (CSM) without isolated points, X, in such a way that every sequentially continuous function from Cantor space to Z extends to a sequentially continuous function from X to R. The second asserts an analogous property for Baire space relative to any inhabited locally noncompact CSM. Both results rely on having careful constructive formulations of the concepts involved. As a first application, we derive new relationships between “continuity principles ” asserting that all functions between specified metric spaces are pointwise continuous. In particular, we give conditions that imply the failure of the continuity principle “all functions from X to R are continuous”, when X is an inhabited CSM without isolated points, and when X is an inhabited locally noncompact CSM. One situation in which the latter case applies is in models based on “domain realizability”, in which the failure of the continuity principle for any inhabited locally noncompact CSM, X, generalizes a result previously obtained by Escardó and Streicher in the special case X = C[0, 1]. As a second application, we show that, when the notion of inhabited complete separable metric space without isolated points is interpreted in a recursiontheoretic setting, then, for any such space X, there exists a BanachMazur computable function from X to the computable real numbers that is not Markov computable. This generalizes a result obtained by Hertling in the special case that X is the space of computable real numbers.
RZ: A tool for bringing constructive and computable mathematics closer to programming practice
 CiE 2007: Computation and Logic in the Real World, volume 4497 of LNCS
, 2007
"... Abstract. Realizability theory can produce code interfaces for the data structure corresponding to a mathematical theory. Our tool, called RZ, serves as a bridge between constructive mathematics and programming by translating specifications in constructive logic into annotated interface code in Obje ..."
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Cited by 5 (2 self)
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Abstract. Realizability theory can produce code interfaces for the data structure corresponding to a mathematical theory. Our tool, called RZ, serves as a bridge between constructive mathematics and programming by translating specifications in constructive logic into annotated interface code in Objective Caml. The system supports a rich input language allowing descriptions of complex mathematical structures. RZ does not extract code from proofs, but allows any implementation method, from handwritten code to code extracted from proofs by other tools. 1
On the ubiquity of certain total type structures
 UNDER CONSIDERATION FOR PUBLICATION IN MATH. STRUCT. IN COMP. SCIENCE
, 2007
"... It is a fact of experience from the study of higher type computability that a wide range of approaches to defining a class of (hereditarily) total functionals over N leads in practice to a relatively small handful of distinct type structures. Among these are the type structure C of KleeneKreisel co ..."
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Cited by 4 (2 self)
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It is a fact of experience from the study of higher type computability that a wide range of approaches to defining a class of (hereditarily) total functionals over N leads in practice to a relatively small handful of distinct type structures. Among these are the type structure C of KleeneKreisel continuous functionals, its effective substructure C eff, and the type structure HEO of the hereditarily effective operations. However, the proofs of the relevant equivalences are often nontrivial, and it is not immediately clear why these particular type structures should arise so ubiquitously. In this paper we present some new results which go some way towards explaining this phenomenon. Our results show that a large class of extensional collapse constructions always give rise to C, C eff or HEO (as appropriate). We obtain versions of our results for both the “standard” and “modified” extensional collapse constructions. The proofs make essential use of a technique due to Normann. Many new results, as well as some previously known ones, can be obtained as instances of our theorems, but more importantly, the proofs apply uniformly to a whole family of constructions, and provide strong evidence that the above three type structures are highly canonical mathematical objects.
A Universal Characterisation of the Closed Euclidean Interval
 in: Proceedings of 16th Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
"... We propose a notion of interval object in a category with finite products, providing a universal property for closed and bounded real line segments. We test the notion in categories of interest. In the category of sets, any closed and bounded interval of real numbers is an interval object. In the ca ..."
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Cited by 3 (3 self)
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We propose a notion of interval object in a category with finite products, providing a universal property for closed and bounded real line segments. We test the notion in categories of interest. In the category of sets, any closed and bounded interval of real numbers is an interval object. In the category of topological spaces, the interval objects are closed and bounded intervals with the Euclidean topology. We also prove that an interval object exists in any elementary topos with natural numbers object. The universal property of an interval object provides a mechanism for defining functions on the interval. We use this to define basic arithmetic operations, and to verify equations between them. It also allows us to develop an analogue of the primitive recursive functions, yielding a natural class of computable functions on the interval. Contents 1
Implementing real numbers with RZ
, 2007
"... RZ is a tool which translates axiomatizations of mathematical structures to program specifications using the realizability interpretation of logic. This helps programmers correctly implement data structures for computable mathematics. RZ does not prescribe a particular method of implementation, but ..."
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Cited by 3 (3 self)
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RZ is a tool which translates axiomatizations of mathematical structures to program specifications using the realizability interpretation of logic. This helps programmers correctly implement data structures for computable mathematics. RZ does not prescribe a particular method of implementation, but allows programmers to write efficient code by hand, or to extract trusted code from formal proofs, if they so desire. We used this methodology to axiomatize real numbers and implemented the specification computed by RZ. The axiomatization is the standard domaintheoretic construction of reals as the maximal elements of the interval domain, while the implementation closely follows current stateoftheart implementations of exact real arithmetic. Our results shows not only that the theory and practice of computable mathematics can coexist, but also that they work together harmoniously.