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Conjectures and Questions from Gerald Sacks’s Degrees of Unsolvability
 Archive for Mathematical Logic
, 1993
"... We describe the important role that the conjectures and questions posed at the end of the two editions of Gerald Sacks's Degrees of Unsolvability have had in the development of recursion theory over the past thirty years. Gerald Sacks has had a major influence on the development of logic, particular ..."
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We describe the important role that the conjectures and questions posed at the end of the two editions of Gerald Sacks's Degrees of Unsolvability have had in the development of recursion theory over the past thirty years. Gerald Sacks has had a major influence on the development of logic, particularly recursion theory, over the past thirty years through his research, writing and teaching. Here, I would like to concentrate on just one instance of that influence that I feel has been of special significance to the study of the degrees of unsolvability in general and on my own work in particular the conjectures and questions posed at the end of the two editions of Sacks's first book, the classic monograph Degrees of Unsolvability (Annals
The theory of the metarecursively enumerable degrees
"... Abstract. Sacks [Sa1966a] asks if the metarecursivley enumerable degrees are elementarily equivalent to the r.e. degrees. In unpublished work, Slaman and Shore proved that they are not. This paper provides a simpler proof of that result and characterizes the degree of the theory as O (ω) or, equival ..."
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Abstract. Sacks [Sa1966a] asks if the metarecursivley enumerable degrees are elementarily equivalent to the r.e. degrees. In unpublished work, Slaman and Shore proved that they are not. This paper provides a simpler proof of that result and characterizes the degree of the theory as O (ω) or, equivalently, that of the truth set of L ω CK
The Role of True Finiteness in the Admissible Recursively Enumerable Degrees
 Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society
"... Abstract. When attempting to generalize recursion theory to admissible ordinals, it may seem as if all classical priority constructions can be lifted to any admissible ordinal satisfying a sufficiently strong fragment of the replacement scheme. We show, however, that this is not always the case. In ..."
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Abstract. When attempting to generalize recursion theory to admissible ordinals, it may seem as if all classical priority constructions can be lifted to any admissible ordinal satisfying a sufficiently strong fragment of the replacement scheme. We show, however, that this is not always the case. In fact, there are some constructions which make an essential use of the notion of finiteness which cannot be replaced by the generalized notion of αfiniteness. As examples we discuss both codings of models of arithmetic into the recursively enumerable degrees, and nondistributive lattice embeddings into these degrees. We show that if an admissible ordinal α is effectively close to ω (where this closeness can be measured by size or by cofinality) then such constructions may be performed in the αr.e. degrees, but otherwise they fail. The results of these constructions can be expressed in the firstorder language of partially ordered sets, and so these results also show that there are natural elementary differences between the structures of αr.e. degrees for various classes of admissible ordinals α. Together with coding work which shows that for some α, the theory of the αr.e. degrees is complicated, we get that for every admissible ordinal