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Stochastic Completion Fields: A Neural Model of Illusory Contour Shape and Salience
 Neural Computation
, 1995
"... We describe an algorithm and representation level theory of illusory contour shape and salience. Unlike previous theories, our model is derived from a single assumption namely, that the prior probability distribution of boundary completion shape can be modeled by a random walk in a lattice whose ..."
Abstract

Cited by 177 (14 self)
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We describe an algorithm and representation level theory of illusory contour shape and salience. Unlike previous theories, our model is derived from a single assumption namely, that the prior probability distribution of boundary completion shape can be modeled by a random walk in a lattice whose points are positions and orientations in the image plane (i.e., the space which one can reasonably assume is represented by neurons of the mammalian visual cortex). Our model does not employ numerical relaxation or other explicit minimization, but instead relies on the fact that the probability that a particle following a random walk will pass through a given position and orientation on a path joining two boundary fragments can be computed directly as the product of two vectorfield convolutions. We show that for the random walk we define, the maximum likelihood paths are curves of least energy, that is, on average, random walks follow paths commonly assumed to model the shape of illusory co...
An Active Contour Model For Mapping The Cortex
 IEEE TRANS. ON MEDICAL IMAGING
, 1995
"... A new active contour model for finding and mapping the outer cortex in brain images is developed. A crosssection of the brain cortex is modeled as a ribbon, and a constant speed mapping of its spine is sought. A variational formulation, an associated force balance condition, and a numerical approac ..."
Abstract

Cited by 64 (13 self)
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A new active contour model for finding and mapping the outer cortex in brain images is developed. A crosssection of the brain cortex is modeled as a ribbon, and a constant speed mapping of its spine is sought. A variational formulation, an associated force balance condition, and a numerical approach are proposed to achieve this goal. The primary difference between this formulation and that of snakes is in the specification of the external force acting on the active contour. A study of the uniqueness and fidelity of solutions is made through convexity and frequency domain analyses, and a criterion for selection of the regularization coefficient is developed. Examples demonstrating the performance of this method on simulated and real data are provided.