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**1 - 1**of**1**### North-Holland MINIMUM-WEIGHT TWO-CONNECTED SPANNING NETWORKS

, 1986

"... We consider the problem of constructing a minimum-weight, two-connected network spanning all the points in a set V. We assume a symmetric, nonnegative distance function d ( ' ) defined on V x V which satisfies the triangle inequality. We obtain a structural characterization of optimal solution ..."

Abstract
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We consider the problem of constructing a minimum-weight, two-connected network spanning all the points in a set V. We assume a symmetric, nonnegative distance function d ( ' ) defined on V x V which satisfies the triangle inequality. We obtain a structural characterization of optimal solutions. Specifically, there exists an optimal two-connected solution whose vertices all have degree 2 or 3, and such that the removal of any edge or pair of edges leaves a bridge in the resulting connected components. These are the strongest possible conditions on the structure of an optimal solution since we also show thar any two-connected graph satisfying these conditions is the unique optimal solution for a particular choice of'canonical ' distances satisfying the triangle inequality. we use these properties to show that the weight of an optimal traveling salesman cycle i, ui-ort f times the weight of an optimal two-connected solution; examples are provided which approach this bound arbiirarily closely. In addition, we obtain similar results for the variation of thii problem where the network need only span a prespecified subset of the points. Keywords:spanningnetworks,two.connectivity,travelingsalesmanproblem. 1.