Results 1  10
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18
Internet traffic engineering by optimizing OSPF weights
 in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM
, 2000
"... Abstract—Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) is the most commonly used intradomain internet routing protocol. Traffic flow is routed along shortest paths, splitting flow at nodes where several outgoing links are on shortest paths to the destination. The weights of the links, and thereby the shortest pa ..."
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Cited by 308 (13 self)
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Abstract—Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) is the most commonly used intradomain internet routing protocol. Traffic flow is routed along shortest paths, splitting flow at nodes where several outgoing links are on shortest paths to the destination. The weights of the links, and thereby the shortest path routes, can be changed by the network operator. The weights could be set proportional to their physical distances, but often the main goal is to avoid congestion, i.e. overloading of links, and the standard heuristic recommended by Cisco is to make the weight of a link inversely proportional to its capacity. Our starting point was a proposed AT&T WorldNet backbone with demands projected from previous measurements. The desire was to optimize the weight setting based on the projected demands. We showed that optimizing the weight settings for a given set of demands is NPhard, so we resorted to a local search heuristic. Surprisingly it turned out that for the proposed AT&T WorldNet backbone, we found weight settings that performed
A genetic algorithm for the weight setting problem in OSPF routing
 Journal of Combinatorial Optimization
, 2002
"... Abstract. With the growth of the Internet, Internet Service Providers (ISPs) try to meet the increasing traffic demand with new technology and improved utilization of existing resources. Routing of data packets can affect network utilization. Packets are sent along network paths from source to desti ..."
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Cited by 77 (22 self)
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Abstract. With the growth of the Internet, Internet Service Providers (ISPs) try to meet the increasing traffic demand with new technology and improved utilization of existing resources. Routing of data packets can affect network utilization. Packets are sent along network paths from source to destination following a protocol. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) is the most commonly used intradomain Internet routing protocol (IRP). Traffic flow is routed along shortest paths, splitting flow at nodes with several outgoing links on a shortest path to the destination IP address. Link weights are assigned by the network operator. A path length is the sum of the weights of the links in the path. The OSPF weight setting (OSPFWS) problem seeks a set of weights that optimizes network performance. We study the problem of optimizing OSPF weights, given a set of projected demands, with the objective of minimizing network congestion. The weight assignment problem is NPhard. We present a genetic algorithm (GA) to solve the OSPFWS problem. We compare our results with the best known and commonly used heuristics for OSPF weight setting, as well as with a lower bound of the optimal multicommodity flow routing, which is a linear programming relaxation of the OSPFWS problem. Computational experiments are made on the AT&T Worldnet backbone with projected demands, and on twelve instances of synthetic networks. 1.
Increasing internet capacity using local search
 Computational Optimization and Applications
, 2004
"... but often the main goal is to avoid congestion, i.e. overloading of links, and the standard heuristic recommended by Cisco (a major router vendor) is to make the weight of a link inversely proportional to its capacity. We study the problem of optimizing OSPF weights for a given a set of projected de ..."
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Cited by 69 (8 self)
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but often the main goal is to avoid congestion, i.e. overloading of links, and the standard heuristic recommended by Cisco (a major router vendor) is to make the weight of a link inversely proportional to its capacity. We study the problem of optimizing OSPF weights for a given a set of projected demands so as to avoid congestion. We show this problem is NPhard and propose a local search heuristic to solve it. We also provide worstcase results about the performance of OSPF routing vs. an optimal multicommodity flow routing. Our numerical experiments compare the results obtained with our local search heuristic to the optimal multicommodity flow routing, as well as simple and commonly used heuristics for setting the weights. Experiments were done with a proposed nextgeneration AT&T WorldNet backbone as well as synthetic internetworks.
Fully Dynamic Algorithms for Maintaining AllPairs Shortest Paths and Transitive Closure in Digraphs
 IN PROC. 40TH IEEE SYMPOSIUM ON FOUNDATIONS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE (FOCS’99
, 1999
"... This paper presents the first fully dynamic algorithms for maintaining allpairs shortest paths in digraphs with positive integer weights less than b. For approximate shortest paths with an error factor of (2 + ffl), for any positive constant ffl, the amortized update time is O(n 2 log 2 n= log ..."
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Cited by 67 (0 self)
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This paper presents the first fully dynamic algorithms for maintaining allpairs shortest paths in digraphs with positive integer weights less than b. For approximate shortest paths with an error factor of (2 + ffl), for any positive constant ffl, the amortized update time is O(n 2 log 2 n= log log n); for an error factor of (1 + ffl) the amortized update time is O(n 2 log 3 (bn)=ffl 2 ). For exact shortest paths the amortized update time is O(n 2:5 p b log n). Query time for exact and approximate shortest distances is O(1); exact and approximate paths can be generated in time proportional to their lengths. Also presented is a fully dynamic transitive closure algorithm with update time O(n 2 log n) and query time O(1). The previously known fully dynamic transitive closure algorithm with fast query time has onesided error and update time O(n 2:28 ). The algorithms use simple data structures, and are deterministic.
A Memetic Algorithm for OSPF Routing
, 2002
"... this paper, we extend the GA by adding to it a local improvement procedure, resulting in a memetic algorithm (MA). We compare the MA with an optimized version of the GA and show that the MA not only finds better solutions, but also converges to a given solution in less time ..."
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Cited by 28 (6 self)
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this paper, we extend the GA by adding to it a local improvement procedure, resulting in a memetic algorithm (MA). We compare the MA with an optimized version of the GA and show that the MA not only finds better solutions, but also converges to a given solution in less time
Fast replanning for navigation in unknown terrain
 Transactions on Robotics
"... Abstract—Mobile robots often operate in domains that are only incompletely known, for example, when they have to move from given start coordinates to given goal coordinates in unknown terrain. In this case, they need to be able to replan quickly as their knowledge of the terrain changes. Stentz ’ Fo ..."
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Cited by 21 (7 self)
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Abstract—Mobile robots often operate in domains that are only incompletely known, for example, when they have to move from given start coordinates to given goal coordinates in unknown terrain. In this case, they need to be able to replan quickly as their knowledge of the terrain changes. Stentz ’ Focussed Dynamic A (D) is a heuristic search method that repeatedly determines a shortest path from the current robot coordinates to the goal coordinates while the robot moves along the path. It is able to replan faster than planning from scratch since it modifies its previous search results locally. Consequently, it has been extensively used in mobile robotics. In this article, we introduce an alternative to D that determines the same paths and thus moves the robot in the same way but is algorithmically different. D Lite is simple, can be rigorously analyzed, extendible in multiple ways, and is at least as efficient as D. We believe that our results will make Dlike replanning methods even more popular and enable robotics researchers to adapt them to additional applications. Index Terms—A, D (Dynamic A), navigation in unknown terrain, planning with the freespace assumption, replanning, search, sensorbased path planning. I.
Finding timedependent shortest paths over large graphs
 In Proc. EDBT
, 2008
"... The spatial and temporal databases have been studied widely and intensively over years. In this paper, we study how to answer queries of finding the best departure time that minimizes the total travel time from a place to another, over a road network, where the traffic conditions dynamically change ..."
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Cited by 20 (0 self)
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The spatial and temporal databases have been studied widely and intensively over years. In this paper, we study how to answer queries of finding the best departure time that minimizes the total travel time from a place to another, over a road network, where the traffic conditions dynamically change from time to time. We study a generalized form of this problem, called the timedependent shortestpath problem. A timedependent graph GT is a graph that has an edgedelay function, wi,j(t), associated with each edge (vi, vj), to be stored in a database. The edgedelay function wi,j(t) specifies how much time it takes to travel from node vi to node vj, if it departs from vi at time t. A userspecified query is to ask the minimumtraveltime path, from a source node, vs, to a destination node, ve, over the timedependent graph, GT, with the best departure time to be selected from a time interval T. We denote this user query as LTT(vs, ve, T) over GT. The challenge of this problem is the added complexity due to the time dependency in the timedependent graph. That is, edge delays are not constants, and can vary from time to time. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm to find the minimumtraveltime path with the best departure time for a LTT(vs, ve, T) query over a large graph GT. Our approach outperforms existing algorithms in terms of both time complexity in theory and efficiency in practice. We will discuss the design of our algorithm, together with its correctness and complexity. We conducted extensive experimental studies over large graphs and will report our findings. 1.
Adaptive fastest path computation on a road network: A traffic mining approach
 In Proc. 2007 Int. Conf. on Very Large Data Bases (VLDB’07
, 2007
"... Efficient fastest path computation in the presence of varying speed conditions on a large scale road network is an essential problem in modern navigation systems. Factors affecting road speed, such as weather, time of day, and vehicle type, need to be considered in order to select fast routes that m ..."
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Cited by 19 (2 self)
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Efficient fastest path computation in the presence of varying speed conditions on a large scale road network is an essential problem in modern navigation systems. Factors affecting road speed, such as weather, time of day, and vehicle type, need to be considered in order to select fast routes that match current driving conditions. Most existing systems compute fastest paths based on road Euclidean distance and a small set of predefined road speeds. However, “History is often the best teacher”. Historical traffic data or driving patterns are often more useful than the simple Euclidean distancebased computation because people must have good reasons to choose these routes, e.g., they may want to avoid those that pass through high crime areas at night or that likely encounter accidents, road construction, or traffic jams. In this paper, we present an adaptive fastest path algorithm capable of efficiently accounting for important driving and speed patterns mined from a large set of traffic data. The algorithm is based on the following observations: (1) The hierarchy of roads can be used to partition the road network into areas, and different path precomputation strategies can be used at the area level, (2) we can limit our route search strategy to edges and path segments that are actually frequently traveled in the data, and (3) drivers usually traverse the road network through the largest roads available given the distance of the trip, except if there are small roads with a significant speed advantage over the large ones. Through an extensive experimental evaluation on real road networks we show that our algorithm provides desirable (short and wellsupported) routes, and that it is significantly faster than competing methods.
Speeding up dynamic shortest path algorithms
 AT&T labs Research Technical Report, TD5RJ8B, Florham Park, NJ
, 2003
"... doi 10.1287/ijoc.1070.0231 ..."
Achieving faster failure detection in ospf networks
 in Proceedings of the International Conference on Communications (ICC
, 2003
"... Abstract — With the current default settings of the OSPF parameters, the network takes several tens of seconds before recovering from a failure. The main component in this delay is the time required to detect the failure using Hello protocol. Failure detection time can be speeded up by reducing the ..."
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Cited by 13 (3 self)
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Abstract — With the current default settings of the OSPF parameters, the network takes several tens of seconds before recovering from a failure. The main component in this delay is the time required to detect the failure using Hello protocol. Failure detection time can be speeded up by reducing the value of HelloInterval. However, too small a value of HelloInterval will result in an increased chance of network congestion causing loss of several consecutive Hellos, thus leading to false breakdown of adjacency between routers. Such false alarms not only disrupt network traffic by causing unnecessary routing changes but also increase the processing load on the routers which may potentially lead to routing instability. In this paper, we investigate the following question What is the optimal value for the HelloInterval that will lead to fast failure detection in the network while keeping the false alarm occurrence within acceptable limits? We examine the impact of both network congestion and the network topology on the optimal HelloInterval value. Additionally, we investigate the effectiveness of faster failure detection in achieving faster failure recovery in OSPF networks. (Abstract) Keywords—Failure Recovery; OSPF (key words)