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Set Theory and Physics
 FOUNDATIONS OF PHYSICS, VOL. 25, NO. 11
, 1995
"... Inasmuch as physical theories are formalizable, set theory provides a framework for theoretical physics. Four speculations about the relevance of set theoretical modeling for physics are presented: the role of transcendental set theory (i) hr chaos theory, (ii) for paradoxical decompositions of soli ..."
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Inasmuch as physical theories are formalizable, set theory provides a framework for theoretical physics. Four speculations about the relevance of set theoretical modeling for physics are presented: the role of transcendental set theory (i) hr chaos theory, (ii) for paradoxical decompositions of solid threedimensional objects, (iii) in the theory of effective computability (ChurchTurhrg thesis) related to the possible "solution of supertasks," and (iv) for weak solutions. Several approaches to set theory and their advantages and disadvatages for" physical applications are discussed: Cantorian "naive" (i.e., nonaxiomatic) set theory, contructivism, and operationalism, hr the arrthor's ophrion, an attitude of "suspended attention" (a term borrowed from psychoanalysis) seems most promising for progress. Physical and set theoretical entities must be operationalized wherever possible. At the same thne, physicists shouM be open to "bizarre" or "mindboggling" new formalisms, which treed not be operationalizable or testable at the thne of their " creation, but which may successfully lead to novel fields of phenomenology and technology.
Thomson's Lamp is Dysfunctional
, 1997
"... James Thomson envisaged a lamp which would be turned on for 1 minute, off for 1/2 minute, on for 1/4 minute, etc. ad infinitum. He asked whether the lamp would be on or off at the end of 2 minutes. Use of "internal set theory" (a version of nonstandard analysis), developed by Edward Nelson, shows Th ..."
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James Thomson envisaged a lamp which would be turned on for 1 minute, off for 1/2 minute, on for 1/4 minute, etc. ad infinitum. He asked whether the lamp would be on or off at the end of 2 minutes. Use of "internal set theory" (a version of nonstandard analysis), developed by Edward Nelson, shows Thomson's lamp is chimerical; its copy within set theory yields a contradiction. The demonstration extends to placing restrictions on other "infinite tasks": Zeno's paradoxes of motion; Kant's First Antinomy; and MalamentHogarth spacetimes in General Relativity. Critique of infinite tasks yields an analysis of motion and space & time; at some scale, motion would appear staccato and the latter pair would appear granular. The critique also shows necessary existence of some degree of "physical law". The suitability of internal set theory for analyzing phenomena is examined, using a paper by Bridger (1 997) to frame the discussion. Dr. William 1. McLaughlin 301170s Jet Propulsion Laboratory 4800...
ZENO MEETS MODERN SCIENCE
, 2005
"... “No one has ever touched Zeno without refuting him”. We will not refute Zeno in this paper. Instead we review some unexpected encounters of Zeno with modern science. The paper begins with a brief biography of Zeno of Elea followed by his famous paradoxes of motion. Reflections on continuity of space ..."
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“No one has ever touched Zeno without refuting him”. We will not refute Zeno in this paper. Instead we review some unexpected encounters of Zeno with modern science. The paper begins with a brief biography of Zeno of Elea followed by his famous paradoxes of motion. Reflections on continuity of space and time lead us to Banach and Tarski and to their celebrated paradox, which is in fact not a paradox at all but a strict mathematical theorem, although very counterintuitive. Quantum mechanics brings another flavour in Zeno paradoxes. Quantum Zeno and antiZeno effects are really paradoxical but now experimental facts. Then we discuss supertasks and bifurcated supertasks. The concept of localisation leads us to Newton and Wigner and to interesting phenomenon of quantum revivals. At last we note that the paradoxical idea of timeless universe, defended by Zeno and Parmenides at ancient times, is still alive in quantum gravity. The list of references that follows is necessarily incomplete but we hope it will assist interested reader to fill in details. PACS numbers: 01.70.+w 1.
EXTENDING CANTOR’S PARADOX A CRITIQUE OF INFINITY AND SELFREFERENCE
, 809
"... Abstract. This paper examines infinity and selfreference from a critique perspective. Starting from an extension of Cantor Paradox that suggests the inconsistency of the actual infinite, the paper makes a short review of the controversial history of infinity and suggests several indicators of its i ..."
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Abstract. This paper examines infinity and selfreference from a critique perspective. Starting from an extension of Cantor Paradox that suggests the inconsistency of the actual infinite, the paper makes a short review of the controversial history of infinity and suggests several indicators of its inconsistency. Semantic selfreference is also examined from the same critique perspective by comparing it with selfreferent sets. The platonic scenario of infinity and selfreference is finally criticized from a biological and neurobiological perspective. 1.
THE ALEPHZERO OR ZERO DICHOTOMY (New and extended version with new arguments)
, 804
"... Abstract. This paper proves the existence of a dichotomy which being formally derived from the topological successiveness of ω ∗order leads to the same absurdity of Zeno’s Dichotomy II. It also derives a contradictory result from the first Zeno’s Dichotomy. ..."
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Abstract. This paper proves the existence of a dichotomy which being formally derived from the topological successiveness of ω ∗order leads to the same absurdity of Zeno’s Dichotomy II. It also derives a contradictory result from the first Zeno’s Dichotomy.